We the People (11th Edition) Chapter 11
Thomas E. Patterson
Terms in this set (25)
The US Congress is a bicameral legislature which means is has two chambers, the house and the senate
A proposed law (legislative act) within Congress or another legislature.
A parliamentary maneuver that, if a three-fifths majority votes for it, limits Senate debate to thirty hours and has the effect of defeating a filibuster.
Temporary committees formed to bargain over the differences in the House and Senate versions of a bill.
A procedural tactic in the U.S. Senate whereby a minority of legislators prevent a bill from coming to avote by holding the floor and talking until the majority gives in and the bill is withdrawn from consideration.
The people residing within the geographical area represented by an elected official.
The process by which the party in power draws election district boundaries in a way that is to the advantage of its candidates.
The current holder of a particular public office.
Jurisdiction (of a congressional committee)
The policy area in which a particular congressional committee is authorized to act.
Law (as enacted by Congress)
A legislative proposal, or bill, that is passed by both the House and the Senate and is not vetoed by the president.
The authority (of a legislature) to make the laws necessary to carry out the government's powers.
The congressional election that occurs midway through the president's term of office.
An election in which there is no incumbent in the race.
A supervisory activity of Congress that centers on its constitutional responsibility to see that the executive branch carries out the laws faithfully and spends appropriations properly.
A group that consists of a party's members in the House or Senate and that serves to elect the party's leadership, set policy goals, and plan party strategy.
Members of the House and Senate who are chosen by the Democractic or Republican caucus in each chamber to represent the party's interests in that chamber and who give some central direction to the chamber's work.
Members of a party band together on legislation and stand against the opposite party
Pork (pork-barrel spending)
Spending whos tangible benefits are targeted at a particular legislator's constituency.
The reallocation of House seats among states after each census as a result of population changes.
Use of personal staff by members of Congress to perform services for constituents in order to gain their support in future elections.
The responsibiilty of a legislature to represent various interests in society.
A member of Congress's consecutive years of service on a particular committee.
The process of altering election districts in order to make them as nearly equal in population as possible. Takes place every 10 years, after each population census.
Permanent congressional committees with responsibility for a particular area of public policy. An example is the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.
The president's rejection of a bill, thereby keeping it from becoming law unless Congress overrides the veto.