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Chapter 8

STUDY
PLAY
Which of the following bones is not part of the appendicular skeleton
sacrum
Which of the following is not a component of the appendicular skeleton?
sternum
The three sides of this bone form a broad triangle
scapula
The scapula is roughly triangular in shape. Which of the following are correct terms for the
borders?
superior, medial, and lateral borders
The only direct connection between the pectoral girdle and the axial skeleton is where the
clavicle articulates with the manubrium of the sternum
The clavicle articulates with the
acromial process and the manubrium
The clavicle articulates with the scapula
distally with the acromion.
Which of these constitutes the pectoral girdle?
clavicles and scapulae
Which of the following is located closest to the jugular notch?
medial end of clavicle
Which of these adapts the pectoral girdle to a wide range of movement?
relatively weak joints
Which of these is most commonly fractured in a fall?
clavicle
Which of these features is located near the proximal end of the humerus?
greater tubercle
The depression on the posterior surface at the distal end of the humerus is the
olecranon fossa.
The head of the humerus articulates with the
glenoid cavity.
The glenohumeral joint, or shoulder joint, is an articulation between which two bones?
scapula and humerus
In the anatomical position, the ulna is located ________ to the radius.
medial
The condyle of the humerus consists of the
capitulum and trochlea.
Which of these surface features occur on the ulna?
A) radial notch
B) styloid process
C) olecranon
D) trochlear notch
E) All of the answers are correct.
There are ________ carpal bones located in the wrist, which form ________ rows of bones in the
wrist.
8; 2
The bones that form the fingers are the
phalanges.
Each hand has ________ phalangeal bones
14
The rough surface feature present along the lateral border of the shaft of the humerus is the
deltoid tuberosity
The bones that give the hand a wide range of motion are the
carpals.
The head of the radius articulates with the
capitulum.
The carpus contains ________ bones.
8
The hand has ________ wrist and ________ palm bones.
8; 5
Which of the following is not an upper limb bone?
metatarsals
The ________ of the radius helps stabilize the wrist joint.
styloid process
The bones that form the palm are the
metacarpals.
Tina falls and fractures her pisiform bone. What part of her body was injured?
wrist
Which of the following is not a part of the pelvis?
lumbar vertebrae
What bone articulates with the coxal bone at the acetabulum?
femur
When seated, the weight of the body is borne by the
ischial tuberosities
The pubic and ischial rami encircle the
obturator foramen.
The largest component of the coxal bone is the
ilium.
A male has a ________ pelvic outlet when compared to the woman's pelvic outlet
smaller
Each coxal bone consists of the following three fused bones:
ilium, ischium, and pubis
The superior border of the ilium that acts as a point of attachment for both ligaments and muscles is
the
iliac crest.
The sacrum articulates with the
ilium.
The ilium, ischium, and pubis fuse into a single bone called the
coxal bone.
The coxal bone and sacrum combine to form the
pelvic
Which surface feature(s) along the ilium mark(s) attachment sites for large hip muscles?
gluteal lines
The greater sciatic notch is a feature on the
ilium.
The pelvic organs are mostly found within the
iliac fossa.
The longest and heaviest bone in the body is the
femur
Which of the following is the heel bone?
calcaneus
The distal end of the tibia articulates with the
talus.
The longest bone is the
femur
The foot has ________ ankle bones and ________ bones in the sole
7; 5
The part of the tibia that is easily felt through the skin is and is known as the shin is the
anterior margin
The patella slides in a groove on the femur called the
patellar surface
The linea aspera is located on the
femur
The lateral malleolus is found on the
fibula.
The Achilles tendon attaches to which anatomical structure?
calcaneus
The medial border of the fibula is bound to the ________ by the interosseous membrane
tibia
Another name for the first toe is
hallux.
The tarsus contains ________ bones.
7
The weight of the body is supported by the
distal metacarpals and the calcaneus.
Which of the following is not a lower limb bone?
ulna
The hand has 15 phalangeal bones; the foot has 14 phalangeal bones.
The first statement is false but the second statement is true
Tom stumbles and injures his hallux. What part of his anatomy is injured?
his foot
The talus contacts the
tibia, calcaneus, and navicular bones
Compared to the hand, the foot
contains arches that help distribute body weight
When standing normally, most of your weight is transmitted to the ground by the
distal ends of the metatarsals and calcaneus.
The condition known as "flat feet" is due to a lower-than-normal longitudinal arch in the foot. A
problem with which of the following would most likely contribute to this condition?
weakness in the ligaments that attach the calcaneus to the distal ends of the metatarsals
Compared to the male pelvis, the female pelvis
has a greater angle inferior to the pubic symphysis.
Which of the following is not a characteristic of the male pelvis?
angle of pubic arch greater than 100 degrees
The clearest distinction between a male and female skeleton is seen in the characteristics of the
pelvis
Which of the following is a not characteristic of the female pelvis?
coccyx points anteriorly
Study of human skeletons can reveal information concerning the person's
A) health.
B) size and handedness.
C) sex.
D) age and nutritional status.
E) All of the answers are correct
Which of the following is not an age-related change in the skeleton?
bone remodeling
On a field trip you discover a skeleton with the following characteristics: the acetabulum is directed
laterally, the ischial spine points medially, and the angle inferior to the pubic symphysis is less than
90 degrees. The long bones of the arms and legs are relatively light and show epiphyseal plates.
This skeleton is probably from
a young male