23 terms

physical therapy

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abduction
movement away from body
adduction
movement of a limb toward center of the body
ataxia
muscular in coordination, esp. when attempt at voluntary movement is attempted
Base of Support
Weight bearing surface of the body: e.g. in standing=the feet
Bilateral
Pertaining to two sides of the body as in both arms or both legs
Calcaneal Valgum
Angling of the heel of the foot inward, which increases the arch of the foot
Calcaneal Varum
Angling of the foot inward, thereby increasing or heightening the arch of the foot
Cervical
Pertaining to the neck
Core
The trunk-mostly the abdomen and back
Dissociation
To seperate
Distal
Farthest from the center, from midline or from trunk
Dynamic
Pertaining to vital forces or inherent power : refers to the body in motion: opposite of stationary.
Extension
A straightening or backward movement of the spine or limbs
External Rotation
An outward turning away of the limb away from the body
Flexion
A bending or forward movement of the spine or limbs
Genu Valgum
Angling of the knees inward, as in "knock kneed"
Genu Varum
Angling of the knees in ward as in "bow legged"
Gross motor
Refers to movement of large muscle groups
Hamstrings
Muscle group on back of the thigh that can bend and flex the knee and straighten and extend the hip
Hyperextension
Excessive movement in the direction of extension
Hypermobility
movement beyond normal range of motion
Hypertonic
Muscle tone higher than normal: resistance to passive movement. In extreme form-spasticity
Hypotonic
Mucle tone floppy: Less than normal tone