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36 terms

Synovial Joints and Kinesiology

STUDY
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Synovial Joint
contains 4 parts:
articular cartilages
synovial capsule
synovial membrane
synovial fluid
Kinesiology
the study of the mechanics of movement
Flexion
decreasing angle in the sagittal plane
extension
increasing angle in the sagittal plane
hyperextension
extension beyond anatomical position in the sagittal plane
adduction
towards the midline in the frontal plane
abduction
away from the midline in the frontal plane
rotation
around an axis
circumduction
a combination of all movements (flexion, extension, adduction, abduction)
pronation
turning palms posteriorly (down)
supination
turning palms to anatomical position (up)
depression
structure moves inferiorly
opposition
movement of thumbs towards surface of palms
inversion
twisting of foot that turns sole inwards
eversion
twisting of foot that turns sole outwards
retraction
moving body part posteriorly
protraction
moving body part anteriorly
dorsiflexion
flexion at the ankle joint and dig in your heel
plantar flexion
extending ankle and elevating the heel
gliding
type of movement that is flat sliding surfaces
gliding
this type of movement at intervertebral discs
gliding
this type of movement at sternoclavicular
gliding
this type of movement at sacroilliac
gliding
this type of movement at acromioclavicular
hinge
type of movement that is flexion and extension
hinge
this type of movement at elbow
hinge
this type of movement at knee
hinge
this type of movement at fingers
Pivot
type of movement that is rotation
pivot
this type of movement at atlantoaxial joint
pivot
this type of movement at radioulnar joint
ellipsodial
this type of movement at metacarpal phalangeal joint
saddle
only type of movement at the first carpometacarpal joint
ball and socket
allows for all types of movments
ball and socket
this type of movement at glenohumeral joint
ball and socket
this type of movement at hip joint