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53 terms

American Pageant Ch 18

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Wilmot Proviso
Bill that divided the North and the South over the issue of slavery
fire-eaters
Southern extremists who threatened to secede from the Union
General Lewis Cass
Democratic candidate, hero of the War of 1812, but pompous and not very well liked
popularity sovereignty
The idea that the territories/states should determine whether or not to allow slavery in their boundaries
Zachary Taylor
Whig candidate, hero of Buena Vista
Henry Clay
Candidate not chosen by the Whigs
Too many enemies
Reason Whigs did not go with the seemingly obvious candidate choice
Free Soil Party
Party formed by northern abolitionists who distrusted the Democrats and Whigs
Wilmot Proviso, no territory slavery, federal aid for internal improvements, government homesteads for settlers
Free Soil Party values
industrialists resentful of Polk's lowering the protective tariff, northern racists who did not wish to share land with blacks, Democrats who felt that democratic party was ruled by a southern majority, conscience Whigs
Groups the Free Soil Party attracted
Conscience Whigs
Group that opposed slavery based upon moral issues
Martin Van Buren
Candidate proposed by the Free Soil Party
Republican Party
Party that the Free Soil Party would foreshadow
Slavery would cause competition with other, white, settlers
Reason the Free Soil Party opposed slavery
New York
Crucial state in Cass-Taylor election
39o 43'
Location of the Mason-Dixon line
California
State whose admission into the Union caused controversy in the South
Underground Railroad
Path that many escaping slaves took to flee to the North
Harriet Tubman
One of the most famous and most successful "conductors" of the Underground Railroad
Fugitive Slave Law
Law that the South promoted that would make life harder for escaped slaves
Stephen Douglas
Senator who supports Henry Clay in his urgings to the North to partially yield to the Fugitive Slave Law
Seventh of March Speech
Speech that helped sway the North into accepting the Fugitive Slave Law
Daniel Webster
Man who gave the Seventh of March Speech
William H. Seward
Man who was against continuing slavery and proposed a higher law than the constitution
Millard Fillmore
Successor of Zachary Taylor, and signs into law many compromises
Compromise of 1850
One of the compromises Millard Fillmore signed that tilted slightly towards the North
California becomes free state, Utah and New Mexico become popularly sovereign
Conditions of Compromise of 1850
Bloodhound Bill
Bill that stated that fleeing slaves would not be able to testify in court
personal liberty laws
Laws created by abolition-minded states that denied local jails to federal officials
End of Whig party, rise of sectional parties
Significance of 1852 elections
Franklin Pierce
Democratic nomination in the 1852 elections, pro-southern northerner
Winfield Scott
Whig candidate in the 1852 elections, war hero from Mexican War
finality Whigs
Whigs who supported Daniel Webster in the 1852 elections
Jefferson Davis
Pierce's Secretary of War
isthmus
land strip between two larger land masses
Cuba
Caribbean nation that was next in America's conquest to fulfill Manifest Destiny
William Walker
American explorer who conquers Nicaragua
Greytown
Town the British secure in order to halt American power over Nicaragua, a key nation to Britain's trade
Clayton-Bulwer Treaty
Treaty that ends tensions between Britain and America over Nicaragua
Commodore Matthew C. Perry
Military commander who forced Japan to open its doors to the Western world
Convention of Kanagawa
Meeting where Japan was convinced to allow free trade with the Western world
fillibustering expeditions
Led attacks on Cuba and outrages the South
Black Warrior
Ship captured by Spain, allowing President Pierce to declare war for Cuba.
Crimean War
War that prevented other European nations from sending aid to Spain
Ostend Manifesto
Urged administration to offer $120 million from Cuba and declare war if this was refused
Transcontinental railroad dispute over whether it should be in the North or South, South wants more of Mexico
Problems between South and North
James Gadsden
Man who negotiated the Gadsden Purchase with Mexico and expanded America
Kansas, Nebraska
Two states made from the Nebraska Territory
Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854
Act that split Nebraska Territory into two states and made one slave and one free
Henry "Box" Brown
Runaway slave famous for mailing himself in a box to Philadelphia
panacea
Universal cure
sanctuary
Place of refuge
imperialism
Policy of extending country's power and influence through diplomatic or military force