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Leverage in movement
Produce blood cells
Storage of minerals (calcium and phosphorus)
Cardiac muscle (heart)
Smooth muscle (walls of hollow organs, e.g., stomach)
Sense organs (eyes, ears, tongue, & sensory receptors in the skin)
Communication system that detects changes in internal and external body environment and by way of a nerve impulse, responds by producing some effect in muscle or gland
Connective tissues (intercellular, supportive)
Bone or Osseous
Muscular tissues (contractile)
Nervous tissues (communicative)
And protects parts of the body
Well supplied by blood vessels
hyalin: closely packed fibers. firm but flexible. most abundant in the body. found at the costal cartilages of the ribs, cartilage rings of the trachea. Provides body movement with minimum of friction and resistance.
elastic: Fibers not closely packed, external ear, epiglottis, auditory tubes
fibrous: thick bundles found in areas that must withstand heavy pressure. Intervetebral discs, knee joint, hip joint
Go from bone to bone or cartilage to cartilage.
Muscle to bone or muscle to cartilage
Arthrosis (joint) is where two bones or cartilages meet, they are said to articulate with each other
Fibrous: have little or any movement is permitted called synarthrosis, found in the cranial bones where such joints are called sutures.
Cartilaginous: Are not common and usually found at midline. Found in the pubic bone and the vertebral joint.
Synovial: Also called diarthrodial joints. These permit relatively free movement, found in the TMJ
Cardiac: combination of striated & nonstriated
Striated - arranged in parallel bundles so that there is a beginning or origin and an end or insertion
Non-striated - form networks that surround tubes such as arteries and the intestinal tract so they narrow the tube when they contract
Muscles can be attached to bones, cartilage, skin or other muscles
Muscles are described by identifying its
Direction or course
Composed of cells called neurons
Some form the Central Nervous System
Some Connect the brain to the spinal cord
Some stimulate muscles which are called motor/efferent
Nerves carrying sensation such as vision and pain are called sensory/afferent
Efferent (excitatory) vs Afferent (sensory)
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