CHMS TN TCAP Vocabulary Review
Terms in this set (77)
A cold, treeless plain found in the Arctic or Antarctic with very low winter temperatures and short, cool summers.
A nonrenewable energy resource formed from the remains of organisms that lived long ago.
These are caused by the TILT of Earth's axis and its ORBIT around the Sun.
A meteoroid that touches Earth's surface.
Anything that orbits another object in space.
This is caused by the pull of gravity (sometimes measured in pounds.)
The largest biome made up of oceans.
An adaptation an animal uses to blend in with its surroundings.
The second layer of the atmosphere that contains the ozone layer.
The outermost layer of the atmosphere.
A violent storm with a funnel cloud.
All populations of different species that live in the same area.
Heat transfer through a liquid or gas.
The nonliving parts in an ecosystem.
A close, long-term relationship between two organisms.
An organism which must eat another organism to obtain its energy.
When two or more organisms try to use the same resources such as food, water, shelter, space, or sunlight.
These organisms feed off of dead organisms, but does not break that organism down.
TEMPERATE DECIDUOUS FOREST
Which biome has four seasons and trees from which the leaves fall off.
This front forms when a warm air mass is caught between two colder air masses.
This takes place between two oppositely chard surfaces and is the strongest form of static electricity.
UV - ULTRA VIOLET
The harmful rays from the sun.
A small, rocky object that orbits the sun, usually in a band between Mars and Jupiter.
An asteroid that breaks free from the asteroid belt.
8 TYPES OF ENERGY
"Mr. Toilet Paper Neck" - mechanical, radiant, thermal, potential. nuclear, electrical, chemical, kinetic
The flow of electricity or water.
Rivers, ponds, lakes, swamps, wetlands, and marshes make up this type of biome.
A species of organisms facing a very high risk of extinction.
The middle layer of the atmosphere and has the coldest layer.
The type of cloud that is layered.
A severe storm that develops over tropical oceans with strong winds of more than 120 km/h.
Heat transfer through direct contact.
Heat transfer through electromagnetic waves
Any living plant or animal.
The living parts of an ecosystem.
A relationship between two species in which both benefit.
THE TROPICAL RAINFOREST
The biome that has the most diverse organisms and the most rainfall.
The characteristics an animal uses to survive in its environment.
Any organism that can make its own food or energy.
A diagram that shows the flow of energy in an ecosystem.
The less dense air or water that rises.
The sound caused by rapid expansion of air along an electrical strike.
"Dirty snowball" found in the Oort Cloud.
Any object that orbits a star, rotates on its axis, and dominates its obit.
The boundary between air masses of different densities and usually different temperatures.
These organisms break down dead plants and animals.
A relationship between two organisms in which one benefits and the other is harmed.
A group of organisms of the same species that live in a specific area.
The part of the experiment that stays the same.
An electric charge at rest; generally produced by friction.
Which biome has flat or rolling hills and is also known as steppes, prairies, or pampas.
An adaptation in which an organism mimics another organism.
The end of an organism or group of organisms; they die out/off. There are no more of this species.
The type of cloud that is puffy.
The type of cloud that is wispy.
The state of matter in which particles vibrate in place and are held tightly together.
An organism that eats all or a part of other animals.
The state of matter in which particles move independently of one another and move fast and free.
An organism that is killed and eaten by another organism.
The state of matter in which particles are able to slide past each other.
The more dense air or water that sinks.
A biome that is dry and hot.
The periodic rise and fall of the water level in the ocean because of the moon's pull.
This makes up 78% of Earth's atmosphere.
The part (and only one) of these in an experiment that changes.
This is made of gas and dust; blue is the hottest and red is the coolest.
When the shadow of one celestial body falls on another (solar and lunar).
Is called a "shooting star";burns up in Earth's atmosphere.
The first or lowest layer of the atmosphere.
The curving of wind and water because of Earth's rotation.
The type of engineering that helps living organisms but does not change them permanently.
The type of engineering that changes living organisms.
The hottest layer in the atmosphere.
Less dense currents that rise.
More dense currents that sink.
A relationship in which one organism benefits and the other is unaffected.
A type of front that occurs when cold and warm air masses meet and neither mass moves.