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Terms in this set (78)
The process of recieving stimulus and forming a perception of the world
The process of organizing and interpreting sensory information so that it makes sense
Specialized cells that detect stimulus information and transmit it to sensory nerves and the brain
In sensation, the transformation of stimulus energy into neural impulses
A form of electromagnetic energy that can be described in terms of wavelength
Distance from the peak of one wave to the peak of another
Dimension of color determined by the wavelength of light
Short wavelength ___ frequency and ___ color.
Long wavelength ____ frequency and __ color
____ waves are darker color and ____ waves are brighter colors.
Amount of energy in a wave determined by the amplitude, it is related to percieve brightness
Describe the eye?
The cornea is transparent and recieves light, then the iris(muscle) expands and contracts to change the size of the pupil for light. The lens focuses light rays on the retina and the retina contains sensory receptors that process visual information and sends it to the brain.
The retina contains ___ and ____.
Rods and Cones
Rods and cones purpose? Describe each.
To percieve light
Rods-black and white
Is the rod or cone closer to the Fovea?
Carries neural impulses from the eye to the brain
Point where the optic nerve leaves the eye because there are no receptor cells located there
Central point in the retina around which the eye's cones cluster
___ receive messages from photoreceptors and transmit them to ____, which converge to form the the optic nerve.
Detection of light, percieved as sight
Detection of pressure, vibration and movement, percieved as touch, hearing and equilibrium
Percieved as smell and taste
Optic nerves connect to the ____ in the middle of the brain, and the thalamus connects to the ____.
Nerve cells in the ___ respond to edges, angles, and movement
Processing of several aspects of the stimulus simultaneously is called ___.
The theory that states the eye must contain three receptors that are sensitive to green, red and blue
A theory that states that says opposing processes enable color vision
Opponent process theory
__ are compressing and expanding air molecules/vibrations in the air
Collects and sends sounds to eardrum
Chamber between eardrum and cochlea containing 3 tiny bones that concentrate the vibrations of the eardrum on the cochlea's oval window
Contains cochlea, semicircular canals and vestibular sacs
Coiled, bony like fluid filled tube in the inner ear that transforms sound vibrations to auditory signals
Amount of energy in a wave, determined by the amplitude, relates to the percieved loudness
Great amplitude= ___ colors
Small amplitude= ___ colors
The dimension that's determined by the wavelength of sound
Theory that our spinal cord contains neurological "gates" that either block pain or allow it to be sensed
The taste of the strawberry interacts with its smell and its texture on the tounge to produce flavor is an example of what?
The brain region of smell is involved with ____ region.
The sense of our body parts position and movement is called ____.
The ________ monitors the head and bodys position.
Depth cues that depend on the combination of the images in the left and right eyes and the way they work together
Images from the two eyes differ
Powerful depth cues avilable from the image in one eye, either right or left
The ___ vibrates when a sound is heard.
Is a desire to energize behavior and direct it towards a goal
What emphasizes on the passing of one's genes
Food and Water is a ___ and hunger and thirst is a ___ and drinking and eating is the ____.
EX? Some students study hard because they are motivated and achieve high quality in their work
EX? Some students study to make good grades and avoid punishment from parents
The ___ hypothalamus brings on hunger and stimulation
The reduction of blood glucose stimulates ___ which leads to animals to eat ravenously.
The ____ hypothalamus tells you to stop eating.
Average weight; weight thermostat
___ plays an important role in hunger
Reasons for eating disorder?
A person's unique and stable behavior patterns of thinking and acting
Pleasure reality goes with ___.
Idealistic Reality goes with ___.
Reality principle goes with ___.
Pushing threating memories from consciouness
Attributing ones own unacceptable feeling to another person
Refusing to believe painful realities
Attempting to make actions or mistakes seem reasonable
Revert to behavior that reduced anxiety earlier in development
Deflecting an impulse from its orignial target to a less threatening one
Unacceptable impulses are unconsciously transformed into socially acceptable actions or behaviors
Mouth is the center of pleasure and conflict EX:Baby breastfeeding
Examples of oral fixation?
smoking, eating too much, chewing gum
the focus of pleasure shifts from the mouth to the anus
Anal explusive means what?
You were harder to potty train and are messy, sloppy rebellious
Anal Retentive means what?
You are anal and this child would sit on the potty and not go because they didn't want to make a mess
The focus on pleasure and conflict shifts to the genital area
Son has desires for mother and wants to eliminate his father
Girl has desires for father and wants to elminiate mother
Child adopts behaviors and mannerisms of the same sex parent
Who says both sexes envy the attributes of others and guys have womb envy?
Who says things develop and you see things in one way because of the different places
Sets with similar terms
Unit 4 A
AP Psychology Chapter 4
psychology 201 Chapter 4
Sensation and Perception
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