22 terms

The Age of Enlightenment

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Hobbes
In his book Leviathan, Thomas __________ called for a strong ruler to protect people from each other.
Montesquieu
Called for a separation of governmental powers into three branches.
John Locke
According to __________, governments are instituted among men in order to protect their natural rights and that the authority of any legitimate government comes from the consent of the governed. This is known as social contract theory.
consent of the governed
According to John Locke, the authority of any legitimate government comes from the __________.
life, liberty, and property
John Locke believed that the government should protect the people's natural rights, which included __________.
overthrow
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to __________ that government if it failed to protect their natural rights.
natural rights
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to overthrow that government if it failed to protect their __________.
Thomas Jefferson
John Locke's ideas about government influenced __________ as he was writing the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.
John Locke
Enlightenment philosopher who claimed that all people were born with natural rights to life, liberty and property.
Enlightenment
The __________ was a European intellectual movement in the 18th century that (among other things) questioned the traditional authority of aristocrats and monarchs.
Reason
The Enlightenment (or Age of Enlightenment) is also known as the Age of __________.
John Locke
__________ was an 18th century philosopher who theorized that the right to rule comes from the consent of the governed.
separation of powers
Baron de Montesquieu believed that government should be divided into three branches. He thought that by having a __________, no one branch of government could gain too much power and become tyrannical.
majority rule
Jean-Jacques Rousseau believed that communities were best governed by the general will -- in other words, by __________.
Age of Enlightenment
Term given to time period (apx. 1600s to 1800s) when people began to place emphasis on finding truth through reason and logic. Sometimes known as the Age of Reason.
Natural Rights
The "unalienable Rights" that Thomas Jefferson referred to in the Declaration of Independence are also know as?
Montesquieu (full name and title - Charles-Louis de Secondat, baron de La Brède et de Montesquieu)
In the "Spirit of the Laws", who called for the separation of powers in government in order to provide checks and balances to help prevent the abuse of power?
Spirit of the Laws
One major influence on the decision to separate Federal power into three different branches of government in the Constitution of 1787 was Montesquieu's book titled __________.
consent of the governed
According to Locke in his Second Treatise of Government, the authority to govern comes from the __________.
Checks and balances
__________ - a principle of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that allows each branch of government to limit the power of the other branches (from civics360.org).
Separation of powers
__________ - the structure of the federal government, according to the U.S. Constitution, that sets up three branches with their own distinct powers and responsibilities (from civics360.org).
Social contract
__________ - an implied agreement among the people of an organized society that defines the rights, duties, and limitations of the governed and the government (from civics360.org).