-Location & Geography: Southwest Asia, Tigris, Euphrates.
-Gov.: City states (controlled by kings in each) Monarch= Hammurabi. Code of Hammurabi= set of laws.
-Achievement/technology: The wheel, used copper and bronze, irrigation canals, cuneiform= Writing in clay, number system, ziggurats.
Gender Roles: patriarchal
Social hierarchy: priests, Warriors, judges, free commoners, slaves.
Location/geography: Nile river, Read sea, Mediterranean Sea, Sahara desert
Government: Pharaohs, theocracy, bureaucracy of administrators.
Achievement/technology : multiplication math medicine in astronomy, hieroglyphics, calendar paper and sewage system
Social hierarchy: Pharaohs, priests, commoners and slaves.
Gender roles : patriarchal women could be scribes.
Culture/religion polytheistic mummification, sun god Ra