The Nation State

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state
consists of a large group of people sharing many common traits, including language, customs, values, and sometimes religion and race
nation-state
a sovereign state inhabited by a group of people who share a feeling of common nationality
the people
have sovereignty in a democracy
force theory
explains that nation-states may have started when people were compelled to accept the rule of a strong individual
evolutionary theory
claims nation-states started with one member of a family acting as the leader for the rest
divine right theory
developed when kings claimed that God gave them the authority to rule
social contract theory
people create a state with just enough power to serve them
Washington, D.C.
where the national government of the United States is located
government
what a nation needs to have in order to enact and enforce policies
social contract
philosophers such as John Locke, Jean Jacques Rousseau, and Thomas Hobbes supported this theory
Preamble to the Constitution
states why a government should be organized under the social contract theory
population
refers to the number of people that make up a nation
citizens
who holds the sovereignty and determines public policy through direct voting of elected representatives
political science
the study of the origin, organization, principles, and manner of the operation of government
Thomas Jefferson
Who wrote, "That whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, and to institute new government..."
dictatorship
sovereignty is held by one person or a small group
Adolph Hitler
the dictator who lead Nazi Germany of 1933-1945
legislative branch
the Congress of the United States
the Senate
a part of the Legislative Branch of congress
Judicial Branch
The United States Supreme Court is part of which branch?
executive branch
The President of the United States is part of which branch?
Declaration of Independence and the American Revolution
the seeds of this can be found in the social contract theory
state
a community that is politically organized
natino
a large group of people sharing many common traits
sovereignty
the supreme authority within a state's boundaries
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