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NAVOSH 30.1 Overview of NAVOSH programs
FML Only 3 days to study
Terms in this set (80)
Navy Occupational Safty and Health Program Manual for Forces Afloat
Navy occupational Safty and Health Programs Manual
How many topics are in this manual?
Occupational safety and health administration act
OSHACT of 1970
Department of the Navy policy for safety, mishap prevention, Occupational Health and Fire protectionPrograms
Manual of Naval Preventive Medicine
Shipboard Heat Stress Program
What is the purpose of the OSHACT of
1. Directed the head of each federal department and agency to establish Occupation Safety and Health programs.
2. Provide safe and healthful places and conditions of employment.
3. Aquire, maintain and require the use of safety equipment, PPE and devices reasonably necessary to protect employees
4. Keep adequate records of all occupational accidents and illnesses for proper evaluation and necessary corrective action.
5. Consult with the Secretary of Labor with reguard to the adequacy as to form and content of records kept.
6. Make annual repot to Secretary of Labor with respects to occupational accidents and injuries.
What agencies were created from OSHACT of 1970?
1. OSHA (Occupational and health administration agency)
2. NIOSH (National institute of Occupational Safety and Health)
What is the purpose of OSHA?
To ensure safe and healthful working conditions.
What date was OSHA officially created?
28 April 1971
Purpose of NIOSH?
1. Principal federal agence to engaged in research to eliminate on-the-job hazards.
2. Technical assistance to OSHA
How many volumes are in OPNAVINST 5100.19 and what are they?
VOL 1: NAVOSH and Major Hazard-Specific Programs
VOL 2: Surface ship safety standards
VOL 3: Submarine Safety standards
NAVMED P-5010-3 REV 2 Chapter 3, What does it cover?
Prevention of heat and cold stress injuries, ashore, afloat and ground.
Define: Industrial Hygiene (I.H.)
The science that deals with the recognition, evaluation and control or potential health hazards in the work enviroment.
Define: Occupational health
A milti dicplinary field of general preventive medicine that is concerned with prevention and/or treatment of illnesses induced by factors in the workplace enviroment.
Major disciplines of Occupational Health?
6 of them
1. Occupational Medicine
2. Occupational Health Nursing
5. Industrial Hygiene
6. Health Physics
Name all personnel involved in the NAVOSH program.
1. Assistant Secretary of the navy
3. Fleet commanders (TYCOMS)
5. Commander naval sea systems command (NAVSEASYSCOM)
6. Chief BUMED
7. Commander Naval Safety center
8. Navy Medicine Professional Development Center(NMPDC)
10. Safety Officer
11. Medical Officer/SMDR
12. Dept Heads, Division Heads and Work Center Sup's
13. Master At Arms/Safety Force
14. Division Safety PO
15. Safety Council
16. Enlisted Safety Committee
17. Individual Crew Members
Responsibilities of the Assistant Secretary of the Navy?
Designate Occupational safety and health official for the DON
Responsibilities of the CNO
1. implimentation and managment of the NAVOSH program
2. Establishies policy and standards for all commanders.
3. Establishises planning, programming, staffing and budgeting for NAVOSH programs.
Responsibilites of the Fleet commander
Ensure subordinate commands:
1. Conduct an aggressive NAVOSH program
2. Develop a NAVOSH Managment evaluation mechanisim for afloat commands.
Responsibilities of the ISIC's
1. Assist afloat commands to ensure workplace safety and Occ health discrepancies beyond the shipboard capability are identified and prioritized in the workload availability package.
2. Ensure timley and through safety investigations are conducted
3. Ensure afloat commands complete required safety surveys and industrial hygiene surveys.
4. Conduct periodic NAVOSH inspections of subordinate commands
Responsibilities of Naval sea systems command
1. Ensure Occupational safety and health aspects are considered in design and engineering of all ships, aircraft, weapons, weapons systems, facilities and equipment.
2. Engineering control of significant occupational health problems (i.e. noise, asbestos, HAZMAT, ect..
Responsibilities of Chief BUMED and Surgery
1. Provide support of all aspects of occupational health, industrial hygiene and Enviromental Health
Responsibility Commander Naval safety Center
1. Monitors safety and occupational health statistic
2. Provide direct support to fleet units on safety matters
Responsibilities of Naval Medicine Professional development center (NMPDC)
1. Ensures all elements of the approved Navy Training Plan for NAVOSH afloat are properly executed
Responsibilities of CO
1. Conduct an aggressive and continuing program
2. Designate command safety officer and ensure proper training
3. Establish a Safety Council and Enlisted Safety Committee
4. Ensure compliance with current mishap reporting procedures.
5. Ensure formal workplace safety inspections are conducted annually and I surveys occure at least once during each operational cycle.
6. Establish a hazard control and deficiency abatement program.
1. Manages the NAVOSH Program based on the objectives established by the CO.
2. Reports DIRECTLY to the CO on Occ safety and health matters.
3. Reports to the XO for the administration of the NAVOSH program.
What type of ships should a primary duty safety office be assigned?
2. Landing HELO Assault
3. Landing HELO Dock
4. Sub Tender
Who is appointed as a ships safety officer on smaller ships without a primary safety officer assigned?
1. A commissioned officer of department head status and seniority
2. CPO on small ships with written waiver from TYCOM
Specific responibilities of safety officers?
1. Principal advisor to CO
2. Oversee ship-wide planning to implement elements of NAVOSH
3. Prepare and submit requests for outside OSH reports
4. Participate in mishap investigations
5. Ensure timely and accurate submission of mishap reports
6. Maintain and analyze NAVOSH records (inspections, surveys, injury reports, mishap reports)
Responsibilities of MO/SMDR
1. Direct access to CO regarding the MEDICAL ASPECTS of the NAVOSH program
2. Keep the safety officer and department heads informed.
3. Schedule, conduct, and record medical surveillance exams
4. Treatment of Occupations injuries/illness
5. Provide training information on Occ health programs
6. Coordinate with safety officer for outside professional help concerning, I.H., RAD health, OCC Health.
7. Provide injury reports to CO via chain of command
8. Establish and maintain QA program for Occupational medicine
Responsibilities of Department Heads, Div O's, and Work center SUP's
1. Ensure Safe and Healthful work enviroment
2. Ensure Work space is inspected and hazard free
3. Ensure all personnel are properly trained and have proper PPE
Responsibiliteis of the Master at arms/Safety Force
1. Identify/report physical hazards
2. Assist the Safety Officer in Keeping the NAVOSH program visible
Responsibilities of the Division Safety PO
1. Inspect division spaces
2. Submit Safety Hazards Reports
3 Advise DIv O on NAVOSH program status in the div
4. Conduct division safety training
5. Assist during mishap/accidet investigation
Who are the Safety Council Members?
1. CO or XO (Chair person)
2. Safety Officer (recorder)
4. Dept Heads
5. MO/Med rep
Responsibilities of the Safety council
1. Meets quartly or sooner
2. Reviews Safety statistics concerning: inspections, reports, and injuries
3. DIRECTS corrective action for unsafe or unhealthful conditions
4. evaluates ships NAVOSH program
5. Reviews issues/recommendations submited by the Enlisted safety committee
Members of the Enlisted Safety committee
1. Safety Officer (senior member)
2. Div safety PO's
3. Chief MA
Responsibilities of the Enlisted safety council
1. Meets at least quarterly
2. Identify/discuss NAVOSH problems
3. Enhance communication of Mishap program
4. Sbmit issues in writing to the Safety Council and CO via ESC
Responsibilities of the individual crew members
1. Accomplish assigned tasks and follow all aplicable directives.
2. Know and comply with all safety precautions, standards and use of PPE
3. Report suspected unsafe/unhealthful work conditions
4. Immediatly report to supervisors: Injuries, Occ illness and property damage resulting from mishap
What is the CORE of the NAVOSH program?
Training, identification, control and elimination of safety and health hazards through workplace inspections
What are the types of workplace inspections?
1. Safety inspections
2. I.H. Surveys
3. Job -site Observation
4.Master at arms Force inspections
5.Shipboard safety Survey
6. INSURV and command Occ Safety and health Managment evaluations
7. Civilian officials
What do Safety inspections include?
1. inspections at least annually
2. Safety officer retains copys of inspection for at least 2 years
What are the time periods for I.H. surveys?
1. Base line
2. Between completion of each yard period
3. New construction
What do Base line I.H. surveys include?
1. Executive summary of findings
2. Admin evaluation of I.H. and Occ Health programs
3. List of Eye Hazardous processes
4. List of areas requiring respritory
5. Sound level survey with a list of noise hazardous areas
6. Air sampling
7. Hazard Evaluation
8. Ventilation eval of exaust systems to control contaminates
9. Med Surveillance Requirements
When is a basline I.H. survey renewed?
When systems, equipment, or load-out changes significantly affect the on board hazard and/or risk
Examples of changes
1. New or modified equipment
2. intro of new toxic chemical
3. Deterioration of existing controls
Whats is the purpose of a Job site Observation include?
Is to detect and correct hazards resulting from non-compliance
(frequent non-compliance may result in safety stand down)
Job site Observations include
Random Walk throughs by: CO, XO, Dept Heads, Div O's, Work center sup's. During the work day or during evolutions
What is included in a MAA force inspection?
1. MAA Shall act as roving safety inspectors
2. Assist safety officer in Keeping NAVOSH visible to all hands
3. Attempt on-the-spot- correction
Whats included in a Shipboard safety survey?
1. Conducted by Naval safety center
2. 1-2 days in duration
3. Includes tranining and a survey of a representaive sample of the entire ship
4. Reports stay at the ship level and no follow up is required
What is the purpose of the Shipboard Safety survey?
1. Identifies safety Hazards
2. Trains safety Personnel
3. Provides CO with an eval of the ship
4. Promotes hazard awarness
Required time periods for Shipboard safety survey?
1. Can be conducted at command request
2. Recommended at least every 3 years
Purpose of INSURV in reguards to NAVOSH?
1. Evaluates ships compliance to NAVOSH
2. To be prepared and promote day to day safety awarness and compliance
What civilian officials can conduct inspections on ships and what requierments must they must meet?
Civilians from OSHA can conduct inspections on ships but must meet all classification and military unique requirements.
Purpose of the Medical surveillance Program
To monitor the continuance of the health of personnel
Medical surveliance program monitors personnel by
1. job certification and re-certification exams
2.to determine individual's fitness to begin or continue to perform a job safely and effectively.
3. Monitor health of employees who are exposed to know hazards
4. Medical Surveillance provides for "secondary protection"
5. helps prevent actuall disease, illness or injury
6. allows for timely corrective action
Requierments for safety hazard reports
1. All crew members are encouraged to report potential hazards
2. communications of hazards can be done orally or in writing to next in COC
3. If supervisor fails to take action crew member my complete an OPNAV 3120/5 (safety Hazard report) and foward it to the Safety Officer
Hazard abatement program description
Process by which identified hazards that are not able to be immediately corrected are recorded and tracted to completion
what is an RAC
Risk Assesment Code, each identified hazard is assigned a RAC by the safety officer
Where can RAC matrix be found?
OPNAVINST 5100.19E PG 4-7
How is the RAC derived?
By using Hazard Severity and Mishap Probability
Hazard Severity code I:
Catastrophic: Hazard may cause death loss of facility or grave damage to national interest
Hazard severity code II:
Critical: Hazard may cause severe injury, illness, property damage, damage to national interest
Hazard severity code III:
Marginal: Hazard may cause minor injury, illness or property damage
Hazard severity code IV:
Negligible: Hazard presents a minmal threat to personnel safety or health property
define: MIshap Probability
the likelihood that a hazard will result in a mishap
Likely to occur immediately or in a short period of time
Probably will occur in time
May occur in time
Unlikely to occur
List Occupational Safety and health programs
1. Asbestos Control Program*
2. Heat stress Program*
3. Hazardous Material Control and management program*
4. Hearing conservation.*
5. Sight conservation*
6. Respritory Protection*
7. Electrical safety
8. Gas free Engineering program
9. Radiation Protection
10. Lead control
11. Tag out
3 methods of controlling hazards
1. Prevent the hazard at the design stage
2. Identify and elimate existing hazards
3. Reduce the likelihood and severity of mishaps from hazards that cannot be eliminated
principals of hazard control
2. Engineering controls
3. admin controls
Substitution hazard control principals
1. replacement of a process, material or equipment having lower hazard potential
2. ENSURE the new substitute material does not create a new hazard
Engineering hazard control principals
1. Primarily accomplished through design and advanced planning
2. should be approved by safety and I.H. before implementing
2 types of Engineering hazard controls
Engineering hazard controls (isolation)
Physical seperation of hazard from personnel to eliminate or minimize contact. involves the use of barrier's such as
1. Physical barrier (machine guards)
2. Time barrier (timed operation of semi automatic equipment)
3. Distance Barrier (Remote control)
Engineering hazard controls (ventilation)
The control of potential hazardous airborn substances through the movment of air.
1. General ventilation or "dilution ventilation" in the dilution of the concetration of an airborn substance by mixing it with uncontaminated air
2. Local exaust ventilation- is the removal of an airborne substance at its source or point of generation
Administrative controls of hazards
Employs special operating procedures to reduce exposure of individuals to hazards
1. limiting accessto high hazard areas
2. Adjusted work schedules
PPE controls of hazards
Personnel wear special equipment to prevent/reduce exposure to hazard. This is the least preferred method because:
1. Exposure can occur upon break down or failure of PPE
2. PPE reduces workers productivity
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