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32 terms

vital signs

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apnea
absence of breathing
arrhythmia
Abnormal heart rhythm
bradycardia
slow heart rate, usually below 60 beats per minute
cerumen
ear wax
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
an irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity
diurnal rhythm
patterns of activity or behavior that follow daynight cycles
dyspnea
Difficulty breathing
essential hypertension
Elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason; sometimes called primary hypertension.
febrile
pertaining to fever
homeostasis
internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors
hypernea
deep breathing
hpertension
high blood pressure
hyperventilation
deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension
hypotension
low blood pressure
intermittent pulse
pulse in which beats are occasionally skipped
orthopnea
a condition in which an individual must sit or stand to breathe comfortably
orthostatic (postural) hypotension
temporary fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position
otitis externa
inflammation of the external auditory canal
peripheral
pertaining to an area that is outside or away from an organ or structure
pulse deficit
condition in which the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse; may indicate peripheral vascular abnormality
pulse pressure
the difference between systolic and diastolic blood pressure
rales
abnormal or crackling breath sounds during inspiration
rhonchi
abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions or spasms
secondary hypertension
Elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition.
sinus arrhythmia
irregular heartbeat originating in the sinoatrial node (pacemaker)
spirometer
instrument used to measure breathing
stertorous
characterized by a heavy snoring or gasping sound.
syncope
fainting
tachycardia
abnormally rapid heartbeat (over 100 beats per minute)
tachypnea
respirations that are rapid and shallow; hyperventilation
thready
Describes a pulse that is scarcely perceptible.
vertigo
dizziness