NTD309 - Ch. 10
Terms in this set (45)
when does a child become an adolescent?
as age increases, growth rate
what is really the only different between toddlers and kids?
calorie and protein needs
toddlers are roughly what age range?
preschoolers are roughly what age range?
school age children are roughly what age range?
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers: growth velocity _______
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers: appetite
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers:fine and gross motor skills
when are healthy food practices established?
in the toddler and preschool years
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers: autonomy
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers: schooling _____ language skills
characteristics of toddlers/preschoolers: schooling _____ ability to control behavior
how often should young kids be eating, roughly?
what is the meal/time of day that children are least hungry for?
overweight for toddlers is defined as
having a BMI between the 85th-95th percentile
obese for toddlers is defined as
having a BMI at or above the 95th percentile
by age 2, brain growth is _____% complete
when is brain growth 100% complete by?
kids tend to lose body fat and then regain it, usually before age 6
kids should be weaned by
when does a child learn to tilt a cup?
rotary chewing begins at
when is handedness established?
calorie needs for infants
calorie needs for kids ages 1-3
calorie needs for kids ages 4-8
calorie needs for kids ages 9-13
the preschool child enjoys foods that are
simply prepared, attractively served, presented in relaxed setting
is indiscriminate snacking bad for toddlers and preschoolers?
fear of new things
excessive body fatness
why does obesity generally occur?
Imbalance between food consumed and physical activity
weight (lb) / height (in.^2) x 704.5
how many us kids are obese?
1 in 5
how many us kids are overweight?
1 in 4
____ percent of overweight kids tend to remain overweight into adulthood
is early adiposity rebound anything to worry about?
it can be a predictor for higher BMIs later in life
environmental influences on obesity
Socioeconomic status, low family income, lower cognitive development, hobbies (tv vs. sports vs. reading)
is parental obesity a predictor of child obesity/
health implications: risk factors for _____ increase
Hypertension, dyslipidemia, orthopedic problems, type 2 diabetes
psychological/social implications for childhood obesity
Poor body image, eating disorders, poor jobs, poor relationships
physical traits of obese/overweight children
begin puberty early, taller than peers, stop growing earlier, develop greater bone & muscle mass to carry weight, appear "stocky", faster BMR
treatment: if they come for help before puberty, what is the first goal?
stop weight gain to see if growth will correct for the rest of it
when do you want to implement a weight loss program with an obese child who has not reached puberty?
if they have metabolic syndrome or other serious risk factors