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Chapter 15 National Government POSC 101
Terms in this set (20)
A negotiated agreement in a criminal case in which a defendant agrees to tell the court that he or she is guilty in return for the state's agreement to reduce the severity of the criminal charge or prison sentence the defendant is facing is known as a
Because the Supreme Court has so much influence over American law and politics, virtually all presidents have made an effort to select justices who
share their political philosophies.
Chief Justice John Roberts seemed to have what concern in mind when he cast the deciding vote in favor of the constitutionality of the Affordable Care Act in 2012?
the need to demonstrate that the Court was not a purely partisan body
If a case is disqualified from reaching the Supreme Court based on the criterion of mootness, then it has been determined that
the relevant facts have changed or the problem has been resolved by other means.
In ____ cases, the government is always the plaintiff.
In what kind of case does the plaintiff charge that it has suffered because of another's violation of a specific agreement between the two?
Justices appointed by presidents Ronald Reagan, George H. W. Bush, and George W. Bush have moved the Court in a more ____ direction on issues, including affirmative action and abortion.
Justices who disagree with the majority decision of the Court may choose to publicize the character of their disagreement in the form of a
Official federal court jurisdiction extends to
federal statutes, treaties, and the U.S. Constitution.
Opinion assignment when he or she is in the majority is an important power of the
Sometimes referred to as "the Great Writ," ____ is guaranteed by the Constitution and can be suspended only in cases of rebellion or invasion.
The "strict constructionists" on the Supreme Court are generally committed to
the principle of judicial restraint.
The Constitution gives the Supreme Court ____ jurisdiction in cases involving foreign ambassadors and issues in which a state is a party.
The NAACP and the ACLU often used a "pattern of cases" strategy to get cases accepted for review in appellate courts by
bringing the same type of suit in more than one circuit.
The basis of most common law is
What is the name for the practice whereby the president, before formally nominating a person for a federal judgeship, seeks the indication that senators from the candidate's own state support the nomination?
When a friend of the court is not a direct party to a case but has a vital interest in its outcome, that person can seek to enter the case by
filing an amicus curiae brief.
Which federal judges are appointed for life?
all Article III judges
Why does the solicitor general have such a strong influence on the Supreme Court?
The solicitor general screens most cases being appealed by agencies of the federal government and only lets some cases advance.
The phrase stare decisis means
"let the decision stand."
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
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