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Lecture 9: Health
Terms in this set (23)
What are the top 5 leading causes of death in low income countries?
1. coronary heart disease
2. lower respiratory infections
4. perinatal conditions
5. stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases
Where did HIV begin?
Where is HIV more prevalent?
Sub Saharan Africa
Top 5 countries that have the most cases of HIV
1. South Africa
5. Mozambique & Kenya
What is the impact of HIV/AIDS worldwide
It is estimated that 36.7 million people around the world are infected with HIV. 1.1 million people have died from Aids related illnesses
What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on Sub-Saharan Africa
it remains the #1 leading cause of death in Sub-Saharan Africa
What is the impact of HIV/AIDS on children
570,000 children died worldwide in 2005. The disease has left more than 13 million orphans in sub-Saharan Africa alone. Many infants are infected with AIDS through breastfeeding.
How do you stop the spread of HIV through breastfeeding?
There is no simple answer. Best solution is to supply formula but access to clean water can be a problem.
The 5 A's of Health
1. accessible 2. available 3. affordable 4. acceptable 5. awareness
What are the leading causes of death for children under the age of 1?
1. Death in child birth
5. Birth defects
How much it would cost to cut down Infant Mortality deaths by half?
4.1 billion dollar per year on top of the $2 billion been spent
Causes of Infant Mortality?
2. lack of education
3. structural disorganization
4. gov't passive behavior
5. inattention by world health experts
Where do most infant mortality deaths occurred?
How can infant deaths be prevented?
1. Giving tetanus shots to mother
2. Cutting umbilical cords with sterile blades
3. Education parents and health workers
4. Prescribing antibiotics
5. Keeping newborns warm
6. Training midwives and other health cares workers
7. Changing cultural behavior
What region in the world is Malaria most common?
the tropics or along the equator
How much is needed to help fight Malaria?
$3.8-7 billion dollar a year
How many people are affected by Malaria?
about 500 million people get malaria each year and about 1 million die
Solutions for Malaria
2. mosquito nets
Where do most pregnancy related death occur?
Sub Sharan Africa
How many women die each year of pregnancy related deaths?
What causes food shortages?
1. Civil war
2. Natural disasters
3. Economic problems
4. Failure of agricultural programs
5. Economic sanctions
6. Political mismanagement
Explain why you don't have to be wealthy in order to be healthy
because simply being educated can help be healthy. For example Cuba invested in education and for that they have many skilled doctors and easy access to medical treatment.
What are the hot spots for future HIV outbreaks in the world?
THIS SET IS OFTEN IN FOLDERS WITH...
Lecture 7: Poverty
Lecture 8: Migration
Lecture 8: Migration Part II
Lecture 10: Women in the Developing World
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