Milady Chapter 5
Terms in this set (77)
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
Created as part of the US Department of Labor to regulate and enforce safety and health standards to protect employees in the workplace
Material Safety Data Sheet
Contains info by the manufacturer about product safety, names of hazardous ingredients, safe handling and use procedures, precautions to reduce risk of harm or overexposure, and flammability. Provides disposal guidelines and first aid info
Environmental Protection Agency
Chemical products that destroy all bacteria, fungi, and viruses (but no spores) on surfaces
Effective for cleaning blood and body fluids. They can be used no any nonporous surface in the salon. Control the spread of disease
An item made of a material thay has no pores or openings and cannot absorb liquids
Abnormal condition of all or part of the body, or its systems or organs, that makes the body incapable if carrying on normal function
Proven to kill bacteria that causes tuberculosis
A disease caused by bacteria that are transmitted through coughing or sneezing
State Regulatory Agencies
Include licensing agencies, state boards of cosmetology, commissions, and health departments
Laws are also called _________
The invasion of the body tissues by disease-causing pathogens
Methods used to eliminate or reduce the transmission of infectious organisms
Four types of potentially harmful organisms
Caused by pathogenic organisms that enter the body. May or may not be spread from one person to another person
Mechanical process using soap and water or detergent to remove all visible dirt, debris, and many disease-causing germs from tools, implements, and equipment
Destroys most, but not necessarily all, harmful organisms or environmental surfaces. Not effective against bacterial spores
One-celled microorganisms that have both plant and animal characteristics
Any organism of microscopic or submicroscopic size
Harmless organisms that may perform useful functions
Bacteria are harmful microorganisms that can cause disease or infection in humans when they invade the body
Round-shaped bacteria that appear singly or in groups. They rarely show activr motility. Divided in 3 groups
Bacteria have 3 distinct shapes
Pus-forming bacteria that grow in clusters like bunches of grapes
Pus-forming bacteria arranged in curved lines resembling a string of beads
Spherical bacteria that grow in pairs and causes diseases such as pneumonia
Short rod-shaped bacteria. The most common bacteria and produce diseases such as tetanus, typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diphtheria
Spiral or corkscrew-shaped bacteria. Causes lime disease and some STDs
Bacilli and Spirilla are both capable of movement and use slender, hairline extensions called ________ for locomotion.
Hair-like extensions on cells. They are shorter than flagella
When seen under a microscope, they look like tiny bags. They consist of an outer cell wall that contains liquid called protoplasm
Active stage and inactive or spores forming stage
Life cycle of bacteria consists of 2 phases: ________ and ________
Phase in the life cycle of bacteria in which it grows and reproduces
Inactive or spore-forming stage
Certain bacteria, such as anthrax and tetanus bacilli, coat themselves with wax-like outer shells and are able to withstand long periods of famine, dryness, and unsuitable temperatures. In this stage, spores are not harmed by disinfectants, heat, or cold
Condition in which they the body reacts to injury, irritation, or infection. Characterized by redness, heat, pain, and swelling
Fluid created by infection. It contains white blood cells, bacteria, and dead cells. Its presence is a sign of bacterial infection
Ex: pimple or abscess, confined to a particular part of the body and appears as a lesion containing pus
Contagious disease AKA Communicable disease
When a disease spreads from one person to another person
Parasitic submicroscopic particle that infects and resides in the cells of a biological organism
Disease-causing microorganisms that are carried in the body by blood or body fluids, such as hepatitis and HIV
Bloodborne virus that causes disease and can damage the liver
Hepatitis A, B and C
Types of hepatitis that are a concern in the salon
The most difficult type of hepatitis to kill on surface
HIV - Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Virus that causes AIDS (Acquired Immunod Deficiency Syndrome)
Disease that breaks down the body's immune system
Microscopic plant parasites that include molds, mildews, and yeast. They can produce contagious diseases, such as ringworm
Fungus that affects plants or grows on inanimate objects but does not cause human infections in the salon
Tinea Barbae AKA Barber's itch
Most encountered fungal infection resulting from hair services
Superficial fungal infection that commonly affects the skin. Limited to the bearded areas of the face and neck or around the scalp
Fungal infection of the scalp characterized by red papules, or spots, at the opening of hair follicles
Much more common on the feet than the hands
Commonly occur on both hands and feet
Ringworm fungus of the foot
Organisms that grow, feed, and shelter on or in another organism (host), while contributing nothing to the survival of that organism
Condition caused by the infestation of head lice
Contagious skin disease caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin
Ability of the body to destroy and resist infection
Immunity that is partly inherited and partly developed through healthy living
Immunity that the body develops after overcoming disease, through inoculation (such as flu vaccinations) or through exposure to natural allergens, such as pollen, cat dander, and ragweed
Decontamination method #1
Cleaning and then disinfecting with an appropriate EPA-resgistered disinfectant
Decontamination method #2
Cleaning and then sterilizing
3 ways to clean your tools or implements
1. Washing with soap and warm water, then scrubbing them with a disinfected nail brush.
2. Using ultrasonic unit.
3. Using cleaning solvent.
Reaction due to extreme sensitivity to certain foods, chemicals, or other normally harmless substances
Process that completely destroys all microbial life, including spores
Ability to produce and effect. Applied to disinfectant claims, it means the effectiveness with which a disinfecting solution kills organisms when used according to label instructions
Quaternary ammonium compounds AKA Quats
Disinfectants that are very effective when used properly in the salon
Powerful tuberculocidal disinfectants. They're a form of formaldehyde, have a very high pH, and can damage skin and eyes. They can be harmful to the environment if put down the drain
Can damage plastic and rubber and can cause certain metals to rust. Known carcinogens
Household bleach AKA Sodium hypoclorite
An effective disinfectant that has been used extensively in the salon
Guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and employee to assume ALL human blood and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens
Contact with nonintact (broken) skin, blood, body fluid, or other potentially infectious materials that is the result of the performance of an employee's duties
Should the client bleed during service, follow these steps
1. Stop service.
2. Put on gloves.
3. Apply pressure to area with cotton or gauze.
4. When bleeding stops, clean injured area with antiseptic wipe.
5. Bandage the cut.
6. Clean and disinfect station.
7. Discard all single-sided objects by double-bagging. Place biohazard sticker on bag. Deposit bag in container for contaminated waste.
8. Clean and disinfect all multiuse tools.
9. Remove gloves and disposed in double bag in contaminated container. Wash your hands.
10. Recommend thay client sees a physician if any sign of redness, swelling, pain, or irritation develop.
10% bleach for 10 minutes (or as manufacturer 's directions)
To disinfect multiuse tools, clean first and then immerse them completely in an EPA-registered solution:__________
Minimum 20 seconds
Wash your hands for _______