59 terms

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Alinie Dye
a type of color used on drops that need to be translucent
Saturated Paints
a type of paint that is saturated with pigment. because of this saturation, the paint can be heavily diluted
Saturated
the amount of color in a pigment or lighting filter. High saturation means deep color
Casein
an organic typeof paint, made from soy protein binder, that creates vibrant color and remains flexible
Balcony rail
a lighting position on the front edge of the balcony; originally installed in most Broadway theaters
motivational side
the side of the stage where the motivational light is coming from
rim light
light that comes from the back or side of a performer. Used to define the edge of the performer and make him distinct from the background
acting area
a small area of the stage that has its own set of lights. Lighting designers often divide the stage into acting areas in order to create balanced lighting
shutters
the metal tabs on ellipsoidal used to cut off part of the light
shutter lines
the hard shadows caused by pushing in a shutter on an ellipsoidal
wash light
unfocused, soft light that erases shadows and gives color to a scene
motivational light
where the light in a scene is "supposed" to be coming from, such as the sun, an overhead light, and so on
front light
any light that is coming from downstage of an actor
side light
light that comes from stage right or left of the performer
back light
light coming from upstage of an actor
up light
light that comes from underneath a performer, either from footlights or through a grated or plexiglass stage floor
silhouette (Lighting)
where figures are seen against a brightly lit background without any light on themselves
god light
(or down lighting) lighting that comes directly from above
balance of color
a general over all range of colors that centers around a particular part of the color palette
special
a lighting instrument that is used to light a single, isolated person or thing
follow spot
any spot light that can be moved to follow the movements of an actor
cue
something that happens at a particular point in the show, such as a change in lighting. Also used to describe the verbal command to do that thing
blackout
turning all the stage lights off
snap outs
an instantaneous blackout
scene-change light
a dim light cue designed to allow a scene change crew to work without the audience feeling that a real scene is going on
shinbuster
a low instrument on a lighting boom, generally lower than two feet. used primarily for dance
crotch light
a position on a lighting tree, usually two to three feet off the floor. Generally used in dance
mids
on a dance lighting tree, the lighting instruments between the crotch lights and the highs
heads
(or tops) the lighting instruments at head height or above on a lighting tree. generally used in dance e
pipe-ends
light instruments hanging at the ends of electrics. usually focused across the stage and used for side light
color scrollers
color frames that hold a roll of color. Used to change color filters in the middle of a performance
follow spots
any spotlight that can be moved to follow the movements of an actor
irising in/ irising out
on a follow spot, making the circle of light smaller (in) or larger (out)
bump cue
a lighting cue (usually at the end of a musical number) that quickly pushes the level of light to a brighter level
restore
bringing the lights up or down to where they were before some event (like a musical number) occurred
white balance
what video people do before they shoot to ensure that the colors they are shooting look accurate
color temperature
a scale used to describe what color a video camera will recognize as white
PAR can
a very simple lighting instrument, basically an automobile headlight in a metal housing. Used for rock and roll and display
bump buttons
buttons on a lighting control console that "bump" the lights up to full when pressed
lasers
very narrow beam of light produced by specially designed lighting instruments. can be harmful to your eye if you look straight into them
ACLs
aircraft landing lights: a very narrow-beamed instrument, used on airplanes and rock and roll lighting plots
audience blinders
a bank of small PAR cans all mounted in the same fixture. used to create a bright wash of light on the audience
front of house spots
spot lights that are place in or above the audience in a theater or arena
truss spots
spotlights that are placed on trusses or grid work above the stage
period
a particular historical time when a play takes place
function (costume)
is the costume able to do what it needs too? i.e. has pockets to put a prop or stretches in a fight scene
silhouette (costume)
the shape of the costume when lying on the body
rehearsal clothes
garments that the costume shop provides so that actors can acclimate themselves to unfamiliar types of clothes
business
a series of actions that one or more actors do onstage. Something that takes time and pulls focus
rendering
a drawing or painting that shows what the costumes will look like
building, buying, renting, or pulling
The ways to get costumes in a play: building = creating custom, buying = purchasing in a store, renting = on lone from person or shop, pulling = brought in from stock you already had
swatches
playing card sized pieces of fabric that are used to demonstrate what a costume will be made of
patterning
the process of building a costume through the use of patterns, either preexisting or created for this costume
cutter
costume shop worker who cuts the fabric for the costumers, using patterns and/or intuition
draper
the costume shop worker who makes clothes by draping them of a dress form
stitcher
the costume shop worker who assembles pieces into finished costumes
distressing
the process of making costumes look old, weather-beaten, or otherwise less than new
4 components of paint
Pigment, whiting, binding, and vehicles
West Virginia formula
W(watts)= V(volts) x A(amps)