Chapter 12 - Skin Analysis - Milady's Standard Esthetics
Terms in this set (122)
what generally determines skin type?
genetics & ethnicity
skin lacking oil...
what size are the follicles of dry skin?
reduce TEWL & help hold in skin's moisture.
water based products
best for combination skin
characteristics of oily skin
large follicles, excess sebum
thin or fragile skin
results of aging or medications
most sensitive of ethnic skin type
gives skin its color and protection from the sun
ethnic skin types usually have thicker
open blackheads closed whiteheads no oxygen.
expansion due to elasticity loss or trauma
lack of oxygen
excessive buildup of dead skin cells
large blackheads around the eyes from sun exposure
redness cause by inflammation
inflammation of the skin; chronic congestion primarily on the cheeks and nose. characterized by redness, dilation of blood vessels, and in severe cases, the formation of papules and pustules
habits diet and stress
play a part in our health
is the main external cause of aging
have more energy but are absorbed by the ozone layer.
minimal erythema dose
have longer wavelengths that penetrate deeper than UVB
seizure & epilepsy
contraindications for electrical and light treatments
avoid all electrical treatments if...
avoid all electrical treatments if...
Damage or condition caused by sun exposure.
Acids used to exfoliate the skin.
Lack of oil.
Free radical scavengers, vitamins, and ingredients.
A factor that prohibits a treatment due to a condition; Treatments could cause harmful or negative side effects to those who have specific medical or skin conditions.
A scale used to measure the skin type's ability to tolerate sun exposure.
abnormally thick build up of cells
Pigment granules of melanocyte cells that produce melanin in the basal layer.
Chains of amino acids; used to treat wrinkles and elasticity.
Classification that describes a person's genetic skin type.
The center area of the face; corresponds to the "T" shape formed by the forehead, nose and chin.
follicles are normal size, change to medium near t-zone
Skin type that can be both oily and dry or both oily and normal at the same time. The T-zone is oilier. At the center of the face the pore size changes from medium to larger just outside the T-zone.
Skin type that is characterized by excess sebum protection. The follicle is larger and contains more oil. Pore size is visible or larger over most of the face. Prone to blemishes.
a condition and a skin type
Very fair, blond or red hair; light colored eyes; freckles common. Always burns, never tans
Fair skinned; light eyes; light hair. Burns easily.
Very common skin type; fair; eye and hair color vary. Sometimes burns, gradually tans.
Mediterranean Caucasian skin; medium to heavy pigmentation. Rarely burns, always tans.
Mideastern skin; rarely sun sensitive. Tans
Black Skin, rarely sun sensitive. Tans easily.
A thickening of the skin caused by a mass of keratinized cells (keratinocytes). Excessive dead skin cell buildup and cell turnover
Asian skin is considered to one of the _____ _______ skin types.
A rough area resulting from sun exposure, sometimes with a layered scale or scab that sometimes falls off. Can be precancerous.
Acne breakouts from hormonal changes or other factors.
Redness; distended capillaries from weakening of the capillary walls; internal or external causes. skin identified by distended capillaries
The presence of pus indicates:
An excessive buildup of dead skin cells.
overproduction of pigment
Pigments Of The Skin
Dark Brown, Yellow, Red, White
Usually redness or inflammation; from a variety of causes.
a pimple, small elevation on the skin that contains no fluid but may develop pus
sagging loose skin
An infected papule with fluid inside.
benign lesions frequently seen in oilier areas of the face. they appear similar to open comedones; often doughnut- shaped, with sebaceous material in the center
severe oiliness of the skin; an abnormal secretion from the sebaceous glands
Reactions from internal or external causes.
the application of light rays to the skin for the treatment of wrinkles, capillaries, pigmentation, or hair removal.
Wrinkles / Aging
Lines and damage from internal and external causes.
Minimal Erythemal Dose (MED)
A term used to describe how long is takes to become red (erythema) from sun exposure.
a family of antioxidants known as polyphenols can be found in _____.
green tea, red grapes, strawberries, & pomegranates
A _____ is something a person is born with.
The five different skin types are:
dry, normal, combination, oily and sensitive
Only one skin type can also be a skin condition. What is it?
When skin lacks _____, it is classified as a dry skin type.
Small follicles indicate that the skin is ______.
This skin type has an unhealthy acid mantle and skin barrier function:
Occlusive products do what?
reduced transepidermal water loss
Which skin type(s) can be dehydrated?
dry, oily and combination
Skin that is dehydrated lacks:
When follicles go from smaller to medium just on top of edge of the T-zone by the nose, the skin type is:
Blemishes develop in oily skin because the pores get clogged with:
oil and dead skin cells
Having a good water-and-oil balance is characteristics of which skin type(s):
Products and exposure to heat or sun can easily irritate this skin type:
The ______ is a skin type system that shows the skin's ability to withstand sun exposure.
The Fitzpatrick Scale classifies people with very fair skin, blond or red hair and light-colored eyes are:
_________ on the Fitzpatrick scale includes Mideastern skin that tans and is rarely sensitive to the sun.
Different amounts of ______ are found in black, Hispanic, Asian and Native American skin types.
Darker skin types can suffer from _______ due to trauma, extractions, sun damage or exfoliation.
Which ethnic skin type is considered to be most sensitive to peels?
You should be most concerned about the ______ when treating skin.
A person's skin condition can be influenced by:
internal and external factors
Which of the following are skin conditions?
couperose; sensitive; wrinkling
Rough areas that are caused by sun exposure and are sometimes accompanied by a layered scale or scab are characteristics of this skin condition.
Inflammatory redness is called:
Choose the description that best describes comedones:
blackheads and whiteheads
A blackhead can be most accurately described as a(n):
What type of skin condition is caused by smoking?
When skin is asphyxiated, what does it lack?
Large blackheads around the eyes are specifically called:
When papules become infected and contain fluid, they are called:
Externally, the skin is most damaged by:
how long it takes to become red from sun exposure
Skin can suffer from ______ as a result of being exposed to UVA rays.
photo-aging; skin cancer; DNA damage
UVB rays are characterized by:
shorter, stronger wavelengths
What are the causes of erythema?
cell damage and blood vessel dilation in the dermis
This layer of the atmosphere is responsible for absorbing UVC rays:
High amounts of antioxidants can be found in these foods:
berries and citrus fruits
_____ for aesthetic services include(s) contagious diseases.
Lupus is one example of a(n) _____ disease.
Harsh exfoliating or waxing treatments should always be avoided when clients are taking:
These treatments may trigger an epileptic seizure:
light or electrical treatments
Clients with _______ should not receive electrical treatments.
heart abnormalities or have a pacemaker
You must ask important questions, such as, "What are your skin concerns?" when:
doing a consultation
Asking your client how their skin feels during different parts of the day provides valuable information about what?
oiliness or dryness
Touching the skin with your fingers during a skin analysis helps you to determine whether or not the skin is:
The four components of every skin analysis include:
look; feel; ask and listen
Clients who have obvious skin abnormalities, such as open sores, should be:
referred to a physician
Glycoproteins are especially useful because they:
enhance cellular metabolism
What is the most commonly used cosmetic ingredient?
Dipotassium glycyrrhizate is more commonly known as: