Chapter 18 - Hair Removal - Milady's Standard Esthetics
Terms in this set (82)
first hair growth stage where new hair is produced.
Arrector pili muscle
located in the base of the hair follicle; when it contracts, the hair stands straight up, causing goosebumps
ingrown hairs from shaving
the hair grows upward and detaches itself frim the bulb
Removing the hair at or near the surface of the skin
A substance used for temporarily removing superfluous hair by dissolving it at the skin level
removing superfluous or unwanted hair by passing an electric current through the hair root
hair-removal treatments such as waxing, electrolysis, or laser hair removal
The swelling at the base of the follicle that provides the hair with nourishment; it is a thick, club-shaped structure that forms the lower part of the hair root.
Tubular shield that surrounds the lower part of the hair shaft
a cone-shaped elevation at the base of the follicle, fits into the bulb.. Also, filled with tissue that contains the blood vessels and cells necessary for hair growth and nourishment of the follicle.
is the part of, the part of the hair contained within the follicle, below the surface of the skin
the portion of the hair that projects beyond the skin
Excessive hair growth where it normally grows, but is usually more downy like
Also known as hirsuties. Condition of abnormal growth of hair, characterized by the growth of terminal hair in areas of the body that normally grow only vellus hair.
intense pulsed light
produces a quick flash of light without allowing heat to build up
fine hair covering entire fetus before birth
laser hair removal
A rapid method of removing hair with the uses of beams pulsed on the skin
Intense light therapy used to destroy the growth cells of the hair bulb
Temporary hair removal method that involves the use of a thick, sugar-based paste.
resting/final phase of hair growth cycle, lasts until the fully grown hair is shed
This method utilizes a high-frequency current to produce heat, which coagulates and destroys the hair follicle.
study of hair and its disease
very soft, fine, downy hair
The hair unit that contains the hair follicle and appendages: the hair root, bulb, dermal papilla, sebaceous appendage, and arrector pili muscle.
Also known as banding. Method of hair removal. Cotton thread is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin, entwining hair in the thread and lifting it out of the follicle.
An ingrown hair that grows out of the skin and then back into the skin.
What is trichology?
the scientific study of hair and its diseases
The main structures of the hair below the surface of the skin are:
follicle, bulb and papilla; arrector pili muscle; sebaceuous glands
A hair follicle is a mass of epidermal cells extending down into the dermis and forming what?
What is the other name for a pilosebaceous follicle?
Strong, healthy hair receives adequate amounts of:
vitamins, minerals and nutrients
Hair growth is created by the activity of cells in the:
What are the oil ducts or sebaceous glands that are attached to the follicle responsible for?
lubricating the skin and hair
Hair found on the fetus is called:
Hair growth occurs in these stages:
anagen, catagen and telogen
Hair and skin are good barometers for what?
state of a person's health
The menopause mustache is caused by:
The two types of hair removal are:
temporary and permanent
Removing hair by using electricity is called:
Galvanic, thermolysis and blend are three methods of hair removal used by this method:
use quick flashes of light; shatter the targeted hair bulb without allowing heat to build up and burn the surrounding skin; reduce hair and spider veins
What is depilation?
removing the hair at or near the surface of the skin
What is epilate?
removes hair from the bottom of the follicle; removes hair by breaking contact between the bulb and the papilla; pulls hair out of the follicle
Folliculitis barbae is commonly called:
A product that removes hair is called:
Which of the following answers accurately describes tweezing?
using tweezers to pull hair out by the root one at a time
Which answer(s) best describes threading:
uses 100% cotton thread; thread is twisted and rolled along the surface of the skin; entwines hair in the thread and lifts it out of the follicle
Waxing failures are caused by:
skin that is not held taut
The two types of wax are:
hard and soft
Common ingredients added to waxes are:
azulene; chamomile; tea tree oil
Which of the following statement(s) accurately describe(s) hard waxes?
gentle enough for the face; strong enough to remove coarse hairs; often preferred for the bikini area and underarms
Basic waxing supplies include:
wax and warmer, cleansers, pre- and post-epilation solutions; muslin or pellon, thread, scissors and cotton supplies; gloves, disposable spatulas, tweezers and gauze
Wax that is water insoluble is removed by using a(n):
Which of the following best describes a roll-on wax?
a wax that is in an applicator and dispensed by a roll-on head
When using oversize waxing strips:
your waxing technique is compromised
Pellon is a:
fiber-like material that does not shed or stretch
What best describes post-waxing materials?
products with antiseptic and soothing properties and hair growth inhibitors
When clients have these conditions and/or diseases, they should not receive a leg waxing service.
phlebitis, varicose veins or diabetes
You should never do a facial waxing on clients who have:
sunburn, a history of fever blisters, pustules, papules; recent history of exfoliating topical medications such as Retin-A; recently used accutane or other acne medications or topical or oral cortisone
Before any waxing service, you should:
perform a consultation
Never apply wax over:
warts, moles, abrasions or inflamed skin
Post-waxing precautions include:
do not exfoliate for 48 hours; avoid sun exposure for 48 hours; avoid using creams with fragrance for 48 hours
Which product is commonly used prior to a waxing service?
What are the advantages of using powder prior to a waxing service?
makes the hair more visible, helps protect the skin and removes moisture
Strip (soft) waxing requires that you apply the wax:
in the direction of the hair growth
You should leave approximately a ____ margin on the pulling side of the fabric when doing a strip wax.
Hard wax should be applied how thick?
the width of a nickel
When applying a muslin or pellon strip, what should you do?
rub the strip in the same direction as the wax application
Properly shaped eyebrows are important because:
correctly shaped eyebrows have a strong, positive impact on the overall attractiveness of the face
Why should you apply a non irritating antiseptic lotion after tweezing an area?
prevents infection and contracts the skin
What should you do to minimize discomfort in sensitive areas during waxing?
immediately place pressure on the waxed or tweezed area
What should you offer your client when doing a bikini service?
disposable panties or a small, clean towel
The greatest challenge when waxing the armpit is:
hair under the arms grows in several different directions
What should you take into account when waxing a man's back?
the number of different growth patterns
People who live in areas closer to the equator tend to have hair that is:
darker and thicker
The blood vessels bring nutrients to the _____, causing it to grow and form hair.
Where should you start a leg waxing service?
either the front or the back of the legs
Which of these ancient cultures used a chemical method of hair removal?
Hair grows faster in:
a warm climate
The hair shaft is located in the:
With the changes that take place during the aging process, the hair root system:
increases by almost 50%