24 terms

Declaration of Independence

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Thomas Jefferson
The primary author of the Declaration of Independence was __________.
Second Continental Congress
__________ - group consisting of representatives from each of the thirteen colonies that voted to declare independence from Great Britain on July 2nd, 1776.
July 2nd, 1776
When did the Second Continental Congress vote for independence?
July 4th, 1776
When did the members of the Second Continental Congress finish editing the Declaration of Independence and adopt it?
John Locke
The phrase "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness" from the Declaration of Independence came from what British philosopher?
life, liberty and property
On what John Locke quote was "life, liberty and pursuit of happiness" based?
From the consent of the governed
According to the Declaration, from where do governments derive their just powers?
To secure the people's natural rights (unalienable rights)
According to the Declaration, what is the main purpose of government?
Thomas Paine
Who wrote "Common Sense"?
Independence
"Common Sense" was written to advocate what?
The list of grievances
What is the longest section of the Declaration of Independence?
Social compact (social contract)
A ___________ is an agreement between the people and their government. The government promises to protect the rights of its people and look out for their best interests. The people promise to be loyal to the government.
Limited Government
__________ is when the government's power is defined by a constitution or other laws.
Rule of law
__________ - the legal principle that law should govern a nation, as opposed to being governed by arbitrary decisions of individual government officials. This also means that everyone, including the rulers, must follow the law.
Natural (Unalienable)
__________ rights are the rights that every person is entitled to. Some examples are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
right of revolution
The right to overthrow a government if it abuses its power or does not protect the natural rights of its people is known as the __________.
overthrow
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to __________ that government if it failed to protect their natural rights.
natural rights
According to John Locke, citizens or subjects of any government had the right to overthrow that government if it failed to protect their __________.
Thomas Jefferson
John Locke's ideas about government influenced __________ as he was writing the first draft of the Declaration of Independence.
Consent of the governed
__________ - an agreement made by the people to establish a government and obey its laws (civics360.org).
Declaration of Independence
__________ - a document written in 1776 that listed the basis for democratic government and the grievances of the colonists (civics360.org).
Natural rights
__________ - the belief that individuals are born with basic rights that cannot be taken away by governments (civics360.org).
Oppression
__________ - the use of authority or power in a cruel or unjust manner (civics360.org).
Philadelphia
The Second Continental Congress was meeting in the city of __________ in July of 1776 when they issued the Declaration of Independence.
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