history Chapter 9 essay questions
Terms in this set (6)
use examples of human welfare indicators to distinguish between relatively developed and less developed countries
People are healthier in MDCs than in LDCs. the health of the population is influenced by diet. On average people in MDC receive more calories and proteins daily then they need compared to LDCs in Africa and Asia, most people receive less than the daily minimum allowance
Also when people get sick, MDCs possess the resources to care for them. Total expenditures on health care exceed 8 percent of GDP in MDCs compared to less than 6 percent in LDCs. So not only do MDCs have much higher GDP per capita than LDCs they spend a higher percentage of that GDP on healthcare.
Use examples of economic indicators to classify countries as less or relatively developed.
GDP is an economic indicator that tells whether a country is less developed or more developed. Like for example, the difference in GDP per capita between Africa and the United States.
Draw the brandt line on a world or regional map and give example of elements of the core and periphery
discuss specific examples of semi periphery countries explaining why they are so labeled
semi peripheral countries would be like China and Brazil, because while they are developing at a constant rate they are still not developed enough to be a big player in world trade economy. The are technologically advanced but not in all regions of their country.
compare and contrast different theories and models of economic development and the relationship between LDCs and relatively developed countries
Two approaches, Self sufficiency and and Rostows World trade development model. Self sufficiency states that the country has to try and spread its money as equally as it can across all sectors and regions, while growth is slow and modest it reduces poverty and lessens the disparity in income between Urban areas and rural. Meanwhile Rostows development model has five stages in which a country develops. These stages are: Traditional society, preconditions to takeoff, takeoff, drive to maturity, and the age of mass consumption. traditional society is when the counrtys people are more bent on agricultural income and most of the countries national wealth is spent on nonproductive activities such as religion and military. Preconditions to takeoff: is when a few people come up with innovative ideas and start businesses, under these new leaders the country starts developing economically and technologically but only in the urban business areas surrounding these new companies.
Next is takeoff in which these companies start gaining a lot of wealth and become more technologically efficient which leads to the countrys drive to maturity. Drive to maturity: Is when technology starts spreading to the rest of the country, and the entire country experiences rapid growth and workers become more skilled ans specialized. And last is the age of mass consumption: In which the country goes from heavy steel manufacturing to selling of consumer goods such as cars, refrigerators toys and such
provide examples of the different sectors of a countrys economy and explain the economic relationship between them.
Primary sector workers primarily extract materials from Earth through agriculture and sometimes mining, fishing, and forestry.
Secondary sector: includes manufacturers that process, transform, and assemble raw materials into useful products. Other secondary sector industries take manufactured goods and fabricate them into finished consumer goods.
Tertiary sector: involves the provision of goods and services to the people in exchange for payment. Tertiary sector activities include retailing banking, law education, and government.
The economic relationship between them all is that first, primary sector workers mine raw materials, and silk and such, then secondary workers manufacture that mining ore into an engine for a car which then later is used by a tertiary worker as a taxi for which he takes people around to different place for money.
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