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The Congress of Vienna

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Congress of Vienna
An international conference (1814-15) held at Vienna after Napoleon's banishment to Elba, with Metternich as the dominant figure, aimed at territorial resettlement and restoration to power of the crowned heads of Europe.
Legitimacy
Principle by which monarchies that had been unseated by the French Revolution or Napoleon were restored
Louis XVIII
French monarch who was restored to the throne by the allies after Napoleon was defeated.
Status Quo
The situation in which it was before (the condition in which)
Castlereagh
He represented England in the Congress of Vienna. He sought a balance of power by surrounding France with larger and stronger states.
Alexander I
Russian Czar who ruled in the early 1800's during the Napoleonic wars. He created the Holy Alliance, and used the Scorched Earth Policy
King Frederick William III
The Prussian representative at the Congress of Vienna
Clemens Von Metternich
Austria's foreign minister, a prince, who helped orchestrate Austria's role in Europe via the Congress of Vienna and "architect"
of the Congress.
Talleyrand
The French foreign minster at the time of the Quadruple Alliance,
Quadruple Alliance
Organization, made up of Austria, Britain, Prussia, and Russia, to preserve the peace settlement of 1815; France joined in 1818.
Holy Alliance
Alliance of Russia, Austria, and Prussia to safeguard the principles of Christianity and maintain the international status quo after the Napoleonic Wars. Formed by Alexander I
Balance of Power
distribution of military and economic power that prevents any one nation from becoming too strong
700,000,000 francs
How much of an indemnity did France have to pay.
All territory conquered by Napoléon.
France was denied this by the Congress of Vienna
Duchy of Warsaw. (Poland); also received Finland
Russia was given most of this territory by the Congress of Vienna
half of Saxony, parts of Poland, and other German territories
Prussia was given these territories by the Congress of Vienna
German Confederation
Consisted of 38 sovereign states recognized by the Vienna settlement, and was dominated by Austria and Prussia (b/c of their size)
They were joined
What happened to Norway and Sweden as a result of the Congress of Vienna?
Switzerland agreed to remain neutral
In order to keep its constitutional government, what did Switzerland agree to?
Hanover was enlarged, and made a kingdom
What happened to Hanover as a result of the Congress of Vienna?
Cape Colony, South Africa, and various other colonies in Africa and Asia.
What was Britain given by the Congress of Vienna?
Piedmont, Nice, Savoy, and Genoa.
What did Sardinia receive from the Congress of Vienna?
Ferdinand I
Bourbon ruler who was restored in the Kingdom of Two Sicilies.
Liberalism
A political ideology that emphasizes the civil rights of citizens, representative government, and the protection of private property.
Nationalism
The unique cultural identity of a people based on common language, religion, and national symbols
Reactionaries
Extremists who not only oppose change, but generally would like to turn the clock back to the way things were before
Absolutism
Spain and the Two Sicilies reinstated rulers, abolished the constitutions and returned to what kind of governmnent
Absolute monarchy
Metternich believed in what form of government?
Metternich
Who suppressed freedom of speech and press in Austria and set up a secret police system to spy on revolutionary organizations and individuals
George Canning
Great Britain's foreign secretary, wanted to get away from the autocratic states of Europe. He withdrew England from the Quintuple Alliance in 1822.
Carlsbad Decree
Launched in 1819 under Metternich and the Holy Alliance these decrees forbade any revolutionary propaganda in the German states. This included and elaborate spy system who's purpose was to be on the lookout for any revolutionary, and potentially dangerous people.
Ferdinand VII
King of Spain who was returned to the throne by the Congress of Vienna. A revolt occurred in Spain after he removed the constitution put in place by Napoleon. Four members of the Quintuple Alliance sent the French into Spain to crush the revolt.
Treaty of Adrianople
Agreement that gave Greece its independence. The Ottoman Turks agreed to submit to the terms offered by England, France, and Russia