41 terms

Ch 8-10 Terms

vocab terms for chapters 8 through 10 of street law
Preliminary Crimes
certain types of behavior that takes place before, and often in preparation for the commission of a crime.
the person who commits the crime
Something someone does (the act of committing a crime)
any crime for which that potential penalty is imprisonment for one year or less.
1st Degree Premeditated
killing that is thought about before hand, deliberate, and done with malice.
2nd Degree Murder
killing that is done with malice, but without premeditation or deliberation.
the taking of money or property by a person to whom it has been entrusted; for example, a bank teller or a company accountant.
breaking and entering a building with the intention of committing a crime.
the deliberate destruction or defacement of another person's property; also know as malicious mischief.
a condition that makes an act unlawful.
the act of requesting or strongly urging someone to do something. If the request is to do something illegal, solicitation is considered a crime.
Felony murder
the killing of someone during the commission or certain felonies, regardless of intent to kill (which is usually required for a murder charge).
the act of making a fake document or altering a real one with the intent to commit fraud.
Accessory before the fact
one who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime.
Accessory after the fact
one who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps conceal the crime or the criminal.
a person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime; unlike an accessory, an accomplice is usually present or directly aids in the crime.
committing a crime
the reason a person commits a crime
an intentional threat, show of force, or movement that causes a reasonable fear of, or an actual physical contact with, another person. Can be a crime or tort.
the act of following or harassing another person, causing the fear of death or injury.
Voluntary Manslaughter
the killing of a person without malice or premeditation, but during the commission of an illegal act. Manslaughter is voluntary when intentional but not premeditated, resulting from the heat of passion or the diminished mental capacity of the killer.
ID Theft
stealing someone's identity (their personal information).
taking property illegally through threats of harm (often called blackmail)
an effort to commit a crime that goes beyond mere preparation but does not result in the commission of the crime.
A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.
Strict Liability
the legal responsibility for damage or injury even if you are not negligent.
Involuntary Manslaughter
manslaughter that is unintentional but done during an unlawful act of a lesser nature.
a form of larceny in which a person takes items from a store without paying or intending to pay.
Noncriminal Homicide
killing that is justifiable or excusable and for which the killer is deemed faultless.
The act of making an action easy or easier.
failing to perform an act required be a criminal law, if he/she is physically able to perform the required act.
sexual intercourse without consent.
any unlawful physical contact inflicted by one person upon another person without consent.
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property.
the unlawful taking of property from a person's immediate possession by force or intimidation.
the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another person with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of it.
an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime.
Guilty State of Mind
the prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or willfully.
Acquaintance Rape
a sexual assault by someone known to the victim.
Computer Crime
any violation of criminal law that involves the use of computer technology to commit the prohibited act.
offering to someone as genuine a document known to be a fake.