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41 terms

Ch 8-10 Terms

vocab terms for chapters 8 through 10 of street law
STUDY
PLAY
Preliminary Crimes
certain types of behavior that takes place before, and often in preparation for the commission of a crime.
Principal
the person who commits the crime
Act
Something someone does (the act of committing a crime)
Misdemeanor
any crime for which that potential penalty is imprisonment for one year or less.
1st Degree Premeditated
killing that is thought about before hand, deliberate, and done with malice.
2nd Degree Murder
killing that is done with malice, but without premeditation or deliberation.
Embezzlement
the taking of money or property by a person to whom it has been entrusted; for example, a bank teller or a company accountant.
Burglary
breaking and entering a building with the intention of committing a crime.
Vandalism
the deliberate destruction or defacement of another person's property; also know as malicious mischief.
Element
a condition that makes an act unlawful.
Solicitation
the act of requesting or strongly urging someone to do something. If the request is to do something illegal, solicitation is considered a crime.
Felony murder
the killing of someone during the commission or certain felonies, regardless of intent to kill (which is usually required for a murder charge).
Forgery
the act of making a fake document or altering a real one with the intent to commit fraud.
Accessory before the fact
one who encourages, orders, or helps plan a crime.
Accessory after the fact
one who, knowing a crime has been committed, helps conceal the crime or the criminal.
Accomplice
a person who voluntarily helps another person commit a crime; unlike an accessory, an accomplice is usually present or directly aids in the crime.
Commission
committing a crime
Motive
the reason a person commits a crime
Assault
an intentional threat, show of force, or movement that causes a reasonable fear of, or an actual physical contact with, another person. Can be a crime or tort.
Stalking
the act of following or harassing another person, causing the fear of death or injury.
Voluntary Manslaughter
the killing of a person without malice or premeditation, but during the commission of an illegal act. Manslaughter is voluntary when intentional but not premeditated, resulting from the heat of passion or the diminished mental capacity of the killer.
ID Theft
stealing someone's identity (their personal information).
Extortion
taking property illegally through threats of harm (often called blackmail)
Attempt
an effort to commit a crime that goes beyond mere preparation but does not result in the commission of the crime.
Felony
A serious criminal offense punishable by a prison sentence of more than one year.
Strict Liability
the legal responsibility for damage or injury even if you are not negligent.
Involuntary Manslaughter
manslaughter that is unintentional but done during an unlawful act of a lesser nature.
Shoplifting
a form of larceny in which a person takes items from a store without paying or intending to pay.
Noncriminal Homicide
killing that is justifiable or excusable and for which the killer is deemed faultless.
Facilitation
The act of making an action easy or easier.
Omission
failing to perform an act required be a criminal law, if he/she is physically able to perform the required act.
Rape
sexual intercourse without consent.
Battery
any unlawful physical contact inflicted by one person upon another person without consent.
Arson
the willful and malicious burning of a person's property.
Robbery
the unlawful taking of property from a person's immediate possession by force or intimidation.
Larceny
the unlawful taking and carrying away of the property of another person with the intent to permanently deprive the owner of it.
Conspiracy
an agreement between two or more persons to commit a crime.
Guilty State of Mind
the prohibited act was done intentionally, knowingly, or willfully.
Acquaintance Rape
a sexual assault by someone known to the victim.
Computer Crime
any violation of criminal law that involves the use of computer technology to commit the prohibited act.
Uttering
offering to someone as genuine a document known to be a fake.