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75 terms

English 11 VA SOL Literary Terms Review

STUDY
PLAY
Alliteration
The repetition of identical consonant or vowel sounds at the beginnings of words htat are close together (i.e. descending dew drops).
Allegory
An extended metaphor in which objects, persons, and actions represent things outside of the narrative.
Allusion
Reference to a statement, person, place, event, or thing known from literature, history, religion, myth, politics, sports, science, or the arts
Antagonist
The character, force, or obstacle the protagonist must overcome.
Apostrophe
A technique by which a writer addresses an object, idea, or person who is dead or absent
Aside
Words a character in a play speaks to the audience or another character that are not supposed to be overheard by others on stage
Ballad
Song that tells a story
Character
Person in a story, poem or play (Types: Static, Dynamic, Flat, Round, Caricature, Stereotype.)
Static Character
A charater that does not change through the course of the story
Dynamic Character
A character that changes as a result of the story's events
Flat Character
A character with one or two defining characteristics or traits
Round Character
A character with many different traits or characteristics
Caricature
A character with exaggerated characteristics
Stereotype
A character with fixed characteristics based on group affiliation
Characterization
The direct or indirect process of revealing the personality of a character
Conflict
A struggle or clash between opposing forces (man vs. man, nature, society, self)
Internal Conflict
Struggle within the character's mind.
External Conflict
Struggle against an outside force
Dialect
A way of speaking characteristic of a particular region or group of people
Dialogue
Conversation between two or more characters
Epic
Long story told in an elevated language (usually poetry) which relates the great deeds of a larger-than-life hero who embodies the values of particular society
Flashback
Scene in a narrative that interrupts the present action and reveals what happened at an earlier time
Foil
Character who serves as a contrast to another character to highlight differences between them
Foreshadowing
The use of clues to hint at events that will occur later in a plot
Hyperbole
Figure of speech that uses exaggeration to express a strong emotion or to create a comic effect
Imagery
Writing that appeals to the senses
Irony
Contrast or discrepancy between expectation and reality (Types: Verbal, Situational, and Dramatic)
Verbal Irony
Discrepancy between what is said and what is meant
Situational Irony
Contradiction between what we expect to happen and what really happens.
Dramatic Irony
When the reader knows something a character in a narrative does not know.
Metaphor
A comparison between two things without the use of like or as
Monologue
An extended speech presented by an actor in a drama or narrative
Narrative
A type of writing that tells a story
Onomatopoeia
Use of a word whose sound imitates or suggests its meaning (i.e. buzz, clang, fizz)
Parallelism
Repetition of words, phrases, or sentences that have the same grammatical structure or that state a similar idea
Personification
A comparison in which a non-human thing or quality is given human characteristics
Point of View
The vantage point from which a writer tells a story. (i.e. First Person, Third Person Limited, Third Person Omniscient)
First Person
A point of view in which the narrator is a character who reveals a plot using the pronoun I.
Third Person Limited
A point of view in which the narrator tells the story using he or she, presenting it as it is seen and understood by a single character.
Third Person Omniscient
A point of view in which the narrator is all-knowing and capable of revealing everything about the characters and situation in a story (uses pronouns he or she).
Protagonist
The main or central figure in fiction or drama
Pun
A play on the multiple meanings of a word or words that sound alike but have different meanings
Repetition
A persuasive technique in which the writer reiterates. restates, or repeats certain structures, words or phrases to drive his message.
Rhetorical Question
A persuasive technique in which the writer asks a question with an obvious answer, used to make an indirect implication.
Setting
The time, place, mood, and/or atmosphere of a narrative
Simile
A comparison between two things using like or as
Soliloquy
An unusually long speech by a character onstage alone, expressing inner thoughts and feelings
Symbol
A person, place thing or event that stands for itself and something beyond itself as well
Theme
Central idea of a work of literature
Understatement
A statement in which something is intentionally represented as less than it actually is.
Analogy
A comparison of two things to show that they are alike in certain respects; a type of extended metaphor.
Anecdote
Very brief account of an incident.
Archetypal Characters
A character type that recurs consistently enough in life and literature to be considered universal (i.e. hero, villain, misfit).
Assonance
Repetition of similar vowel sounds followed by different consonant sounds in words close together (i.e. fleet feet sweep by sleeping Greeks).
Consonance
The repetition of final consonant sounds after different vowel sounds (i.e. pitter, patter; rif, raf)
Diction
A speaker or writer's choice of words
Fable
A brief story in prose or verse that teaches a moral or gives a practical lesson about how to get along in life.
Foil
A character who serves as a contrast to another character to highlight differences between them
Idiom
An expression peculiar to a particular language that means something different from the literal meaning of each word (i.e. A Piece of Cake, A Dime a Dozen)
Parable
Brief story that teaches a lesson about life
Tone
The attitude the writer takes toward the reader, a subject, or a character
Tragedy
A play, novel, or other narrative that depicts serious and important events in which the main character(s) comes to an unhappy end
Tragic Hero
The protagonist in a tragedy who is often high ranking and is on some level responsible for his own downfall, due to a flaw in character (tragic flaw).
Aphorism
A brief, cleverly worded statement that makes a wise observation about life. ("An apple a day keeps the doctor away.")
Elaboration
The refinement, support and development of an idea by use of details, reasons and evidence
Gothic
A kind of romantic, scary piece of literature that summons up the mysterious atmosphere suggested by old castles and cathedrals.
Juxtaposition
Placing ideas side by side to make a comparison or contrast
Oxymoron
A figure of speech that combines opposite or contradictory terms in a brief phrase (bittersweet, living death, jumbo shrimp)
Persuasive Techniques
Rhetorical devices used by authors for various effects in order to persuade an audience (i.e. Call to Action, Elevated language, Rhetorical Question, Appeals to Emotion, Appeals to Logic, Repetition, Figurative Language).
Call to Action
A persuasive technique in which the writer exhorts or encourages his or her audience to behave a certain way.
Appeals to Emotion
A persuasive technique in which the writer 'tugs on the heartstrings' of his audience, attempting to sway opinion by resorting to sentiment or passion more than logic.
Appeals to Logic
A persuasive technique in which the writer uses statistics, facts, anecdotes, and expert opinions to sway his audience.
Figurative Language
A persuasive technique in which the writer uses similes, metaphor, hyperbole and allusion to make connections and show his argument in a unique fashion.
Stream of Consciousness
A style of writing that portrays the inner (often chaotic) working of a character's mind
Voice
The distinctive way in which a writer expresses ideas which show his/her attitude, personality and
character.