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what did the articles of confederation establish?
a limited national government - most power was with the states
what one branch of givernment did the articles contain?
legislative made up of delegates from the states
in the articles of confederation what happened to the branches?
congress did the jobs of both legislative and executive branches
constitution of pennsylvania contained:
new voting rights, unicameral legislature, representatives ran for office every year
what worried wealthy males about the articles?
they gave too much power to ordinary citizens who were less educated
what was the annapolis convention for?
to discuss economic problems and create a federal plan for regulating interstate and foreign trade
massachusettes passed the most direct tax ever attempting to pay off war debt. what was it?
a tax that must be paid in specie, not paper money
what massachusettesians rebelled against the new tax?
the farmers in the west - reminded them of taxes that started the revolution
what did shays' rebellion do?
citizens drove off tax collectors, protested with petitions and public meetings, forced courts to close, small army marched toward springfield
what did shays' rebellion demonstrate?
steps had to be taken to strengthen national government and avoid civil unrest
what delegates attended the philadelphia convention (called from annapolis)
delegates from 12 states (all but rhode island)
who recorded the proceedings of the philadelphia convention in 1787 and what ws it called
james madison Journal of the Federal Convention
in four months, philadelphia convention produced the constitution. the meeting was called
the constitutional convention
delegates who attended the constitutional convention:
55 educated white males, 1/3 owned slaves, 6 planters, 36 lawyers
what did madison's philosophy lead him to believe
people are naturally selfish creatures driven by emotions and personal interests
what did the virginia plan contain?
legislature could tax, regulate trade and veto, three branches, members of congress determined by states population
what did the new jersey plan contain?
congress could tax and regulate trade, three branches, unicameral congress with equal votes for states
who was counted under the three-fifths compromise
3/5 of the slave population were counted for population
each branch has its own area of authority, but no one branch has complete power over the government
separation of powers
federalist advantages to promote constitution?
articles had serious flaws, united around the constitution, well-organized national group, washington's support
who was for bill of rights and why?
anti-federalists - if rights were not spelled out, they would be considered unenumerated powers of government
african american mathematician and inventor who was appointed to the commission to survey city
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