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Vocabulary Exam 8
Terms in this set (26)
Movements used to potentiate, accentuate, or compensate for an impairment in a physiologic motion (e.g., the movements needed to move a paralyzed limb)
A self-reversing and non- persistent adaptation.
Angle - Lumbosacral angle
represents the angle of the lumbosacral junction as measured by the inclination of the superior surface of the rst sacral vertebra to the horizontal (this is actually a sacral angle); usually measured from standing lateral x-ray films; also known as Ferguson's angle
Angle - Lumbosacral lordotic angle
an objective quanti cation of lumbar lordosis typically determined by measuring the angle between the superior surface of the second lumbar vertebra and the superior surface of the rst sacral segment; best measured from a standing lateral x-ray film
Traumatic disease occurring at the insertion of muscles where recurring concentration of muscle stress provokes inflammation with a strong tendency toward fibrosis and calcification
In ammation of the muscular or tendinous attachment to bone (Dorland's)
Extension - Regional
historically, the straightening in the sagittal plane of a spinal region; also called Fryette's regional extension
Viewing the patient from the side, an imaginary line in a coronal plane which, in the theoretical ideal posture, starts slightly anterior to the lateral malleolus, passes across the lateral condyle of the knee, the greater trochanter, through the lateral head of the humerus at the tip of the shoulder to the external auditory meatus; if this were a plane through the body, it would intersect the middle of the third lumbar vertebra and the anterior one third of the sacrum. It is used to evaluate the A-P (anterior-posterior) curves of the spine. See also mid-malleolar line
dysfunctional segmental behavior where a single vertebra and an adjacent rib respond to the same regional motion tests with identical asymmetric behaviors (rather than opposing behaviors). is suggests visceral re ex inputs
Law - Lovett Law
An observed association between the superior and inferior vertebrae, which are paired two by two. e cervical and superior thoracic biomechanics act in a synchronous manner with the lumbar and inferior thoracic biomechanics. For example, if C1 is in a right posterior positional lesion, L5 also moves into a right posterior position. In this case, L5 is the "Lovett partner" of C1. e treatment of L5 helps to stabilize C1 and the skull by changing the lines of gravity (French usage) (Lovers always come in pairs)
Law - Sherrington
1. Every posterior spinal nerve root supplies a specific region of the skin, although fibers from adjacent spinal segments may invade such a region.
2. When a muscle receives a nerve impulse to contract, its antagonist receives, simultaneously, an impulse to relax.
(They're supposed to SHARE by sharing space and taking turns)
OMT - Percussion vibrator technique
1. A manipulative technique involving the specific application of mechanical vibratory force to treat somatic dysfunction.
2. An osteopathic manipulative technique developed by Robert Fulford
Pelvic declination (pelvic unleveling)
Pelvic rotation about an anterior- posterior (A-P) axis
Pelvic index (PI)
Represents a ratio of the measurements determined from postural radiograph: One (y) beginning from a vertical line originating at the sacral promontory to the intersection with the horizontal line from the anterior- superior position of the pubic bone. The second measurement (x) is along this same horizontal line. Normal values are age-related and increase in subjects with sagittal plane postural decompensation. Pelvic index (PI) equals x/y
A painful low back condition characterized by hypertonicity of psoas musculature. the syndrome consists of a constellation of typically related signs and symptoms; typical posture, typical gait, typical pain pattern, typical associated somatic dystunctions
Psoas syndrome: Typical Posture
Flexion at the hip and sidebending of the lumbar spine to the side of the most hypertonic psoas muscle
Psoas Syndrome: Typical gait
Trendelenburg gait (weakness of the abductor muscles of the lower limb, gluteus medius and gluteus minimus; During the stance phase, the weakened abductor muscles allow the pelvis to tilt down on the opposite side. To compensate, the trunk lurches to the weakened side to attempt to maintain a level pelvis throughout the gait cycle. The pelvis sags on the opposite side of the lesioned superior gluteal nerve.)
Psoas Syndrome: Typical pain pattern
low back pain frequently accompanied by pain on the lateral aspect of the lower extremity extending no lower than the knee
Psoas Syndrome: Typical associated somatic dysfunctions
as a long restrictor muscle, psoas hypertonicity is frequently associated with flexed dysfunctions of the upper lumbars, extended dysfunction of L5, and variable sacral and innominate dysfunctions. Tender points typically are found in the ipsilateral iliacus and contralateral piriformis muscles
Distribution of body mass away from ideal when postural homeostatic mechanisms are overwhelmed. It occurs in all cardinal planes, but is classified by the major plane(s) affected
A muscle primarily responsible for causing a specific joint action
Historically, the straightening in the sagittal plane of a spinal region; also called Fryette's regional extension.
Sacral base declination (unleveling)
With the patient in a standing or seated position, any deviation of the sacral base from the horizontal in a coronal plane. Generally, the rotation of the sacrum about an anterior-posterior axis
1. Treatment involving injection of a proliferant solution at the osseous-ligamentous junction.
2. Treatment involving injection of irritating substances into weakened connective tissue areas such as fascia, varicose veins, hemorrhoids, esophageal varices, or weakened ligaments. e intended body's response to the irritant is fibrous proliferation with shortening/ strengthening of the tissues injected
Somatic Dysfunction - Linkage
dysfunctional segmental behavior where a single vertebra and an adjacent rib respond to the same regional motion tests with identical asymmetric behaviors (rather than opposing behaviors). is suggests visceral reflex inputs
Unequal size and/or facing of the zygapophyseal joints of a vertebra
Weight-bearing line of L3
Same as Gravitational line and Vertical Axis
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