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chap 9 intro to counseling
Terms in this set (85)
Behavior therapy is associated with all but one of the following:
C - a philosophical view of human behavior
Behavior therapy assumes that:
A - behavior is learned.
Behavior therapy is characterized by:
E - all of these
Behavior therapy is based on:
B - applying the experimental method to the therapeutic process.
Michael believes that he will be able to improve his public speaking skills after completing a speech course at school. Based on social-cognitive theory, one might observe that Michael is not lacking in:
A - self efficacy
The main goal of behavior therapy is:
A - eliminating maladaptive learning and providing for more effective learning.
Which is not true of the relationship between therapist and client in behavior therapy?
d. The therapist is solely responsible for setting treatment goals.
What is the function of the behavior therapist?
E - all of these
Which of the following interventions is not associated with the third wave of behavior therapy?
C - relaxation training
Which of the following is not true regarding behavior therapy?
D - The client is merely passive while the therapist uses techniques.
All of the following are true about social skills training except:
D - It requires clients to engage in catharsis.
Which anxiety reduction technique involves creating a hierarchy of the client's fearful experiences?
e. systematic desensitization
Behavior therapists look to the current environmental events that maintain problem behaviors and help clients produce behavior change by changing environmental events, through a process called:
a. functional assessment.
Behavior therapy is suited for:
e - all of these
In the ABC model, the A stands for:
C - antecedents
Which statement is not true?
b. Contemporary behavior therapy is increasingly concerned with behavioral control.
Which of the following is not a basic characteristic of behavior therapy?
e. The therapist is manipulative and controlling.
Who has done most of the work in the area of modeling?
e. Albert Bandura
B. F. Skinner is associated with which of the following trends in the behavioral approach?
B - operant conditioning
Which of the following is not true about how behavior therapists function in the therapeutic setting?
e. All of these are true.
Phil has been in behavior therapy to address his fear of heights. The treatment will not be considered complete until:
B - Phil transfers what he learns in therapy to his everyday life and takes actual steps to confront his fear.
What is not a part of the steps in a self-directed change program?
D - exploration of one's family constellation
Which of the following is not one of the seven major areas of personality functioning described by the acronym "BASIC ID"?
C - aspirations
Which of the following is true about "technical eclecticism" in multimodal therapy?
d. Therapists use techniques from various theoretical models without subscribing to the theory.
In terms of ethical accountability, behavior therapy:
c. provides a basis for responsible practice.
Which of the following behavior therapists is credited with developing the social cognitive learning model, doing much work on observational learning and modeling, and writing about self-efficacy?
Which of the following distinguishes the cognitive trend in behavior therapy from the trends of classical and operant conditioning?
c. the integration of thoughts and feelings in the process of behavior change
Multimodal therapy is a therapeutic approach that is grounded on:
c. social learning theory.
Haley has difficulty turning down dates and consistently allows men to take advantage of her. A behavioral intervention that may help Haley establish appropriate boundaries with others and speak up for herself is:
D - assertion training
Which of the following clinical strategies is not necessarily employed during assertion training?
B - relaxation
Which of the following would not be considered a feature of a good self-contract?
b. It is a verbal agreement between client and therapist.
A limitation of behavior therapy is:
e. none of these
During the second wave of behavior therapy, therapists:
e. all of these
When practicing mindfulness:
e. all of these.
Wolpe's systematic desensitization is based on the principles of:
A - classical conditioning
The situation in which behaviors are influenced by the consequences that follow them is:
Skinner's view of shaping behavior is based on the principle of:
c - operant conditioning.
____involves the removal of unpleasant stimuli from a situation once a certain behavior has occurred.
c. Negative reinforcement
In dialectical behavior therapy (DBT), skills are taught in four modules. Which among the following is not one of the modules listed in the text?
a. relapse prevention
____ is a key pioneer of clinical behavior therapy because of his broadening of its conceptual bases and development of multimodal therapy.
c. Arnold Lazarus.
All of the following are characteristics of the behavioral approaches except:
b. Behavior therapy employs the same procedures to every client with a particular dysfunctional behavior.
In conducting a behavioral assessment, the client's functioning is taken into account in which area(s)?
e - all of these
What would be the most accurate way of describing mindfulness-based stress reduction (MBSR) to a friend or colleague?
e - all
Behavior therapists tend to:
d - all
All of the following are steps in the use of systematic desensitization except for:
c - hypnosis
Techniques used in mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy include all but:
b - flooding
Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) integrates techniques from:
d. mindfulness-based stress reduction and cognitive behavior therapy.
Self-management strategies include:
e - all
If your client wanted to change a behavior, for instance, learning to control smoking, drinking, or eating, which behavioral technique would be most appropriate to employ?
Techniques that differentiate behavioral group therapy from other models of group work include all but:
c. a time-limited intervention.
In acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT), another way to describe the term "acceptance" is:
c. nonjudgmental awareness.
Lazarus argues in favor of:
c. technical eclecticism.
Sergio is co-leading a social skills group for children with Aspergers. He and his co-leader must collect data on group members' progress:
d. before, during, and after all interventions.
The premise of the exposure-based therapies is that anxiety is reduced through:
a. pairing a feared stimulus with a competing, calming response.
In group settings, behavior therapists provide all of the following except:
c. little direct feedback.
The key principle in applied behavior analysis is:
c. to use the least aversive means to change behavior.
In vivo flooding consists of:
d. intense and prolonged exposure to the actual anxiety-producing stimuli.
EMDR is typically used to help clients:
d. restructure their cognitions regarding traumatic events.
Third-generation behavior therapies have been developed that center around five interrelated core themes. Which of these is not one of the core themes?
a. a more precise focus on psychopathology
Which is not true of dialectical behavior therapy (DBT)?
d. DBT is a blend of Adlerian concepts and behavioral techniques.
Albert Bandura is credited with originally developing the progressive relaxation procedure.
Systematic desensitization typically includes the use of relaxation procedures.
Some counselors feel behavior therapy is too focused on symptoms and not causes of problems.
Modeling is a form of systematic desensitization
Behavior therapy has been successfully used with developmentally delayed clients.
Modeling methods have been used in treating people with snake phobias and in teaching new behaviors to socially disturbed children.
A trend in contemporary behavior therapy is the increased emphasis on the role of thinking and "self-talk" as a factor in behavior.
Some researchers believe that fear of flying may be due primarily to claustrophobia.
A behavior therapist makes use of the technique of open-ended questioning for the purpose of obtaining important information related to the client's problem
Research has shown that behavior therapists are more self-disclosing than psychoanalytic therapists.
Mindfulness involves judgment and careful evaluation of one's thoughts.
Multimodal therapy encourages its practitioners to fit their procedures to the needs of the client by borrowing techniques from many other approaches.
Behavior therapy has been shown to be effective in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.
There is no place for the role of thinking process and attitudes in contemporary behavior therapy.
Behavior therapy has undergone important changes and has expanded considerably.
Dialectical behavior therapy integrates behavioral techniques with psychoanalytic concepts and mindfulness training of Eastern psychological and spiritual practices.
Behavior therapists believe that insight is not a necessary condition for behavior change to occur.
Multimodal therapy does not fit well with the goals and aspirations of managed care.
The basic therapeutic conditions stressed by person-centered therapists can be integrated into a behavioral framework.
Evidence-based procedures are a part of both behavior therapy and cognitive behavior therapy.
Dialectical behavior therapy requires both individual and group treatment.
Behavior therapy groups employ a long-term treatment model.
Acceptance and commitment therapy is not a mindfulness based approach.
Both Linehan and Lazurus emphasize the importance of the therapeutic relationship in behavioral treatments.
There is little empirical support for ACT.