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Personal - History Chp. 22: The Progressive Era
Terms in this set (42)
the period in American history lasting from the 1870s to the 1890s, marked by political corruption and extravagent spending
Chester A. Arthur
Vice President of the United States who worked with Congress to reform the spoils system
Sherman Antitrust Act
an 1890 law that banned the formation of trusts and monopolies in the United States
the practice of rewarding government jobs to political supporters
spoils system that includes putting programs in place to ensure the awarding of government jobs based on ABILITY
all federal jobs except elected offices and those in military
Business that crosses state lines and regulated railroad industry. It banned pools and rebates and set up a commission to oversee the railroads.
corrupt political boss of NYC
included many different groups of people who were united by the belief that government should act for the public good
powerful politician who controls work done locally and demands payoffs from businesses
journalist who exposed corruption and other problems in society. They also liked to sensationalize the truth - wanted to be appealing to the reader. Wanted society to reform quickly.
became President after President McKinley was shot in September 1901
Theodore Roosevelt's campaign promise that all groups would have an equal opportunity to succeed
Pure Food and Drug Act
a 1906 law that requires food and drug makers to list ingredients on packages
William Howard Taft
raise in tariffs, established the 8-hour work day, approves safety rules for the mines, broke up existing trusts
won the election of 1912, gave women the right to vote
program that supported a free enterprize system
Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
had the power to investigate companies and stop them from using unfair practices against competitors
person who wanted to destroy all trusts
arrested for her marches and protests in favor of suffrage for women
gaves women the right to vote
made it illegal to sell alcoholic drinks
people who worked for women's right to vote
Ida B. Wells
an African American journalist; wrote Free Speech
(National Association for the Advancement of Colored People) organization founded in 1909 to work towards equal rights for African Americans
a 1907 agreement between the United States and Japan to limit Japanese immigration
for a mob to illegally seize and execute someone
Mexican neighborhood in the United States
A journalist and photographer who described the awful living conditions of poor people in the tenements of New York City; led to many social reforms.
Wrote "The Jungle" and exposed problems in the meat-packing industry.
the father of progressive education
Newspaper cartoonist who produced satirical cartoons; invented "Uncle Sam" and came up with the elephant and the donkey for the political parties.
President Rutherford Hayes
Took steps to end the spoils system: ordered an investigation of the New York custom house.
established that positions in government would be awarded based on merit and not stature or relationship with politicians
political bosses and political corruption
fought corruption at only certain levels of government
Supreme Court decree of 1912
states that in the 17th Amendment that senators are directly voted on by the citizens
Senaca Falls Convention
Stanton and Anthony start this which begins the crusade for equal rights for women and begin writing the amendment here
Carrie Chapman Catt
took over the women's suffrage movement and continued the crusade for a women's right to vote
started as a discussion place for books, went on to become a political forum for women, and they began to plan the women's suffrage movement
African Americans and Jim Crow Laws
set up segregation of African Americans and AAs began to lose more rights because of it
were mostly farmers and worked simple jobs that required little to no education
were forced to give up their land and had to set up barren reservations. Set up the Society of American Indians to fight for Indian rights
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