40 terms

Drugs: Other Drugs

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DRUGS
substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind
MEDICINES
drugs that are used to treat/prevent disease or other conditions
FOUR BROAD CATEGORIES OF MEDICINES
prevent disease, fight pathogens, promote health, relieve pain
VACCINES, ANTITOXINS
two types of medicines that prevent disease
VACCINES
contain weak/dead pathogens that stimulate your body to produce specific antibodies against those pathogens
SIDE EFFECTS
reactions to medicine other than the one intended
DRUG MISUSE
discontinuing use of a medicine without informing your healthcare professional
IMMUNE SYSTEM
marijuana interferes with this system so the user becomes more susceptible to infections
TESTOSTERONE
regular use of marijuana can cause females to have an increase in testosterone
BRAIN
most inhalants go immediately to the brain with serious consequences
STIMULANTS, DEPRESSANTS, NARCOTICS, HALLUCINOGENS
four main groups of psychoactive drugs
MORPHINE AND CODEINE
narcotics that relieve pain; extremely addictive
EUPHORIA
a feeling of intense well-being or elation
METHAMPHETAMINE
a stimulant used in treating certain diseases (Parkinson's disease/obesity); extremely addictive; easily abused
FIRST STEP IN STAYING DRUG FREE
is to make a firm and deliberate decision to remain drug free
WARNING SIGNS OF DRUG USE
constantly talking about drugs, seeming tired, caring less about personal grooming/appearance, difficulty concentrating
OUTPATIENT DRUG-FREE TREATMENT CENTER
includes individual or group counseling but won't include any medications
SUDDEN SNIFFING DEATH SYNDROME
the heart stopping due to inhalant use that leads to death of the user
"ROID RAGE"
uncontrollable aggressive, violent, emotional behavior that can be a result from steroid use
PHYSICAL HEALTH RISKS OF STEROID USE
severe acne, baldness, links to cancer, shrunken testicles (males), breast size reduced (females), deeper voice (females) IRREVERSIBLE!
FELONY/FIVE YEARS IN PRISON
possession and distribution of steroids can result in this punishment
ANABOLIC STEROIDS
male synthetic hormone testosterone which affects the secondary sex characteristics; can cause mood swings, impaired judgment and paranoia
ADDICTION
condition caused by repeated drug use and a compulsive need to use drugs
HAVING FRIENDS WHO USE DRUGS
a high risk factor for someone having a problem with drug use
GHB
toxic liquid that resembles a powerful form of alcohol; one capful is equivalent to six cups of alcohol
IMMEDIATE PLEASURE
more important to people who use drugs than maintaining good health or staying safe
WITHDRAWAL
unpleasant physical and psychological effects that happen when a person stops using a drug
WANTING SUPPORT FOR THEIR WRONG BEHAVIOR
why teens who use drugs pressure others to use drugs
HEROIN
powerfully addictive narcotic derived from the opium poppy; if injected, increases likelihood of HIV infection and hepatitis B infection
25-35 DAYS
how long the THC (d-alpha-tetrahydrocannabinol) in marijuana is stored in the body's fat cells;
STIMULANTS (EXAMPLES)
caffeine, amphetamines, cocaine "crack"
STIMULANTS (DEFINITION)
drugs that speed up the central nervous system
STIMULANTS (EFFECTS)
nausea, abdominal pain, increased blood pressure, aggressiveness, chest pain, increased heart rate, memory loss, panic, loss of muscle coordination, death
HALLUCINOGENS (DEFINITION)
drugs that alter moods, thoughts & sense perceptions including vision, hearing, smell & touch
HALLUCINOGENS (EFFECTS)
overloaded sensory controls in the brain caused confused and intensified sensations, impaired judgment & reasoning; increased heart/respiratory rates
HALLUCINOGENS (EXAMPLES)
PCP, LSD, Ketamine, Ecstasy
ADDITIVE INTERACTION
medicines that work together in a positive way
SYNERGISTIC INTERACTION
two or more medicines result in a greater effect than when taken alone
ANTAGONISTIC INTERACTION
one medicine is canceled or reduced when taken with another medicine
INHALANTS
often the first "drug" that a young person uses because they are easily accessible
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