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Key Concepts:

Terms in this set (40)

-Britain's desire to maintain a viable North American empire in the face of growing internal challenges and external competition inspired efforts to strengthen its imperial control, stimulating increasing resistance from colonists who had grown accustomed to a large measure of autonomy. Late 17th century efforts to integrate Britain's colonies into a coherent, hierarchical imperial structure and pursue mercantilist economic aims met with scant success due largely to varied forms of colonial resistance and conflicts with American Indian groups, and were followed by nearly a half-century of the British government's relative indifference to colonial governance.
-Resistance to imperial control in the British colonies drew on colonial experiences of self-government, evolving local ideas of liberty, the political thought of the Enlightenment, greater religious independence and diversity, and an ideology critical of perceived corruption in the imperial system.
-The colonists' belief in the superiority of republican self-government based on the natural rights of the people found its clearest expression in Thomas Paine's Common Sense and in the Declaration of Independence.
-While the new governments continued to limit rights to some groups, ideas promoting self-government and personal liberty reverberated around the world. The American Revolution and the deals set forth in the Declaration of Independence had reverberations in France, Haiti, and Latin America, inspiring future rebellions.
-In response to domestic and international tensions, the new United States debated and formulated foreign policy initiatives and asserted an international presence. The continued presence of European powers in North America challenged the United States to find ways to safeguard its borders, maintain neutral trading rights, and promote its economic interests.
- As the French Revolution's spread throughout Europe and beyond, this helped fuel America's debate not only about the nature of the United States domestic order, but also about its proper role in the World.
-Although George Washington's Farewell Address warned about the dangers of divisive political parties and foreign alliances, European conflict and tensions with Britain and France fueled increasingly bitter partisan debates throughout the 1790s.
-The Constitution's failure to precisely define the relation- ships between American Indian tribes and the national government led to problems regarding treaties and Indian legal claims to the seizure of Indian lands.
-As western settlers sought free navigation of the Mississippi River, the United States forged diplomatic initiatives to manage the conflict with Spain and to deal with British presence on the American continent.
-U.S. policymakers sought to dominate the North American continent and to promote its foreign trade. Following the Louisiana Purchase, the drive to acquire, survey, and open up new lands and markets led Americans into numerous economic, diplomatic, and military initiatives in the Western Hemisphere.
-The U.S. sought dominance over the North American continent through a variety of means, including military actions, judicial decisions, and diplomatic efforts.