Crim Exam 2

created the watch and ward
The Statute of Winchester:
were the most disciplined enforcement agents in London during its time.
The Bow Street Runners:
Which state created "the first modern state police agency" in 1829?
Which commission, started in 1931, recognized prohibition as unenforceable as well as a catalyst to police corruption?
state, federal, local
What are the three major levels of law enforcement?
Which local law enforcement official is responsible for serving court papers, maintaining security within courtrooms, and running the county jail?
The preeminent organization for private security professionals.
A federal agency that was established to funnel federal funding to state and local law enforcement agencies that is now defunct was:
Which of the following is not a prominent private security firm?
Robert Peel
Which of the following people was associated with London's New Police?
Kansas City
The first large scale scientific study of law enforcement practices was conducted in which American city?
Directed Patrol
A police management strategy designed to increase the productivity of patrol officers through scientific analysis and evaluation of patrol techniques is called:
What is considered the backbone of police work?
________ is an early form of police patrol in English cities and towns.
New York.
The nation's largest law enforcement agency is in:
A decentralized state police agency operates with two agencies-a highway patrol and a state bureau of investigation
The U.S. Coast Guard falls under the U.S. Navy Jurisdiction
In any discussion of evidence-based policing, it is important to remember that the word "evidence" refers to criminal evidence, not scientific evidence.
In 1844 New York combined their day and night forces into the New York City Police Department.
Vigilantism is the act of taking the law into one's own hands.
Comp Stat
A crime-analysis and police-management process built on crime mapping that was developed by the New York City Police Department.
problem solving
The operational strategy known as ________ seeks to reduce chronic offending in the community.
Field activities associated with daily police work
The Line Operation of a police department is associated with which type of police work?
. enforces the letter of the law.
The legalistic style of policing:
information sharing
FIGs, LEO AND NLETS are all ________ resources
time of day
Which factor does not influence a police officer's use of discretion?
set training standards for law enforcement officers
POST is the acronym used by most states to:
. better handgun skills
Which of the following is not a benefit of educated police officers?
According to the 2001 Status of Women in Policing Survey, about what percentage of U.S. law enforcement officers is female?
centralization of command
Which of the following is not an element of community policing?
chain of command
What term is used to describe the order of authority within a police department?
Annetta Nunn was a former police chief of which major American city?
crime-scene investigators
Which of the following police personnel is trained in specific forensic techniques?
Span of Control
The number of police personnel or the number of units supervised by a particular commander is known as:
Police departments that enforce the letter of the law are known for the __________ style of police work.
Since September 11, 2001, we have developed a nation-wide fully integrated criminal justice information system with a formal intelligence unit in every police department.
The service style of policing is based on order maintenance.
We are presently in the community era of the style of policing.
Police professionalism requires that today's police officers have a great deal of specialized knowledge and that they adhere to the standards and ethics set out by the profession.
Discretion is used mostly in routine situations that involve offenses that are not very serious.
The Bill of Rights is the popular name given to the first ________ amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
Fourth Amendment.
Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:
Mapp v. Ohio
Which Supreme Court ruling applied the principles, regarding the exclusionary rule, developed in Weeks v. U.S. to trials in state courts?
The information gathering activity of police officers that involves direct question of suspects is known as:
Terry v. Ohio
. This Supreme Court case has become the basis for a brief "stop and frisk" based on a reasonable suspicion
Probable Cause
_______________ exists when a set of facts and circumstances that would induce a reasonably intelligent and prudent person to believe that a particular other person has committed a specific crime.
Fourth Amendment.
Unreasonable searches and seizures are prohibited by the:
Exclusionary rule
The ____________ holds that evidence illegally seized by the police cannot be used in a trial.
Incident to an arrest
A warrantless search of an arrested individual conducted to ensure the safety of the arresting officer is permitted:
Warren Court
Which 1960s U.S. Supreme Court dramatically changed the day-to-day practice of American policing?
Harris v. U.S.
Which U.S. Supreme Court cast established the plain view doctrine.
Miranda v. Arizona
Which famous 1966 U.S. Supreme Court case required that criminal suspects be read their rights prior to being questioned by the police while in custody?
inmates freely talking about their crimes to an undercover officer posing as an inmate
are not protected by Miranda
The U.S. Supreme Court decided in Illinois v. Perkins that:
There is reasonable belief that the informant is reliable.
Concerning informants, which of the following was established in Aguilar v. Texas?
fruit of the poisoned tree doctrine
Silverthorne Lumber v. U.S. is responsible for describing what principle of Fourth Amendment processes?
The USA PATRIOT Act of 2001 made it more difficult for police investigators to intercept many forms of electronic communications.
Latent evidence is evidence of relevance to a criminal investigation that is not readily seen by the unaided eye
The plain-view doctrine still applies if officers move objects so they can see evidence otherwise hidden from view.
An exception to the exclusionary rule. Law enforcement officers who conduct a search or who seize evidence on the basis of good faith (that is, when they believe they are operating according to the dictates of the law) and who later discover that a mistake was made (perhaps in the format of the application for a search warrant) may still provide evidence that can be used in court.
The court recognized a suspect's right to have legal counsel present during interrogation in Escobedo v. Illinois.
Law Enforcement Code of Ethics
The Law Enforcement Oath of Honor most closely resembles:
Officers who have adopted the police working personality are all of the following except:
increased ethics training of both new and experienced officers
Which of the following does the FBI consider an important strategy used to combat police corruption?
Which one of the following is NOT a method to help police officers reduce stress?
Of the 43.5 million people who have face-to-face contact with the police in a typical year, what percentage is subject to the use or threat of force?
terrorist's suspects
In 2003, the U.S. Department of Justice banned its practice of racial profiling in all federal law enforcement agencies except for:
failure to aid private citizens
Which of the following is not a common source of lawsuits brought against the police?
1983 lawsuits
Civil suits that are filed in the federal court system are known as:
qualified immunity
The doctrine of _______________ shields public officials from actions for damages unless their conduct was unreasonable in light of clearly established law.
Fleeing Felon Rule.
Historically, officers were allowed to use deadly force to prevent the escape of a suspected felon even when the person represented no immediate threat to the officer or the public. This was known as the:
deadly force could be used to apprehend a suspected felon.
Tennessee v. Garner specified the conditions under which:
In a normal year most police officers who die in the line of duty die as a result of:
officers who accept bribes and minor services from citizens seeking to avoid arrest
What is the meaning of the term grass-eaters as a form of police corruption?
Graham v. Connor
In which 1989 case did the U.S. Supreme Court establish the standard of "objective reasonableness" in determining the appropriate use of deadly force by a police officer.
a reasonable suspicion
The courts have supported drug testing of police officers based on ________ that drug abuse is occurring.
Stress is a natural component of police work
The U.S. Supreme Court case, Tennessee v. Garner involves Civil Suits against police departments and not individual police officers.
The Knapp Commission focused on corruption in the New York City Police Department
Law enforcement supervisors can be held liable for the actions of the officers under their command.
Less-lethal weapons are specifically designed to kill suspects