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Hexapoda: Diptera

Bolded words from the Hexapoda Lab
STUDY
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Cyclorrhapha
Hover flies
Cyclorrhapha (Hover flies)
mimics of bees/wasps; eat aphids; important pollenators
Dung flies (several families)
northern temperate dung
Drosophilidae
fruit flies!
Brachycera
Horse flies, Robber flies, Soldier flies, Bee flies, Dance flies
Horse flies
large, biting flies, bite for food
Robber flies
huters of mid-flight insects; long legs for catching, strong proboscis; hairs to protect eyes
Soldier flies
pollen/nectar feeders as adults; larva have CaCO₃ thickened skin
Bee flies
large flies with a thin proboscis; nectar feeders; 2 distinct larval stages; worm-like larvae crawl into burrow of solitary wasp, eats stored pollen, then becomes a maggot, eats wasp young, then metamorphoses, leaves
Dance flies
look and act like robber flies; differences: eyes bluge less, larvae are carniverous
Nematocera
mosquitoes; small, delicate flies; long legs, antennae, long, thin wings; many are ancient;
Diptera
true flies; if wings present: only 1 pair + halteres;
___ --> hatches into grub --> ___ --> pupates --> ___
egg --> ___ --> grows, sheds skin ---> ___ --> adult fly
holometabolous
undergoing complete metamorphosis
Nematocera
larva with complete head and horizontally biting mandibles; pupa obtect, generally free, antennae of adults usually many segmented; pleural suture of mesothorax generally straight
Brachycera
larva with incomplete head and vertically biting mandibles; pupa obtect, generally free; antennae of adult generally three segmented; pleural suture of mesothorax twice bent
Cyclorrhapha
larva with vestigial head; pupa exarate, usually in a puparium; antennae of adult with three segments; pleural suture twice bent; head with frontal lunule and a ptilinum
obtect
Having the wings and appendages enclosed or covered by a secretion that forms a hard shell or horny case, as the pupae of most butterflies and moths.