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WHAP Chapter 23 Key Terms
MHS WHAP Sophmore
Terms in this set (47)
- Bettering border policing by nation-state governments, reducing animal movement.
- Improved nutrition (lower death rate)
- 50% rise in pop in France / 100% in Britain and Prussia
System of producers of textile and metal products working at home but in a capitalist system in which materials, work orders, and sales depended on urban merchants.
Most clearly set in motion the political restructuring of Western Europe.
Called a meeting of traditional parliament to consider tax reforms but middle-class reps turned this assembly into a modern parliament with voting by head and w/ majority representation.
Declaration of Rights of Man and the Citizen
The political objectives of the early phases of the French Revolution. Natural rights to "liberty, property, security, and resistance to oppression" and guaranteed free expression of ideas.
Enlightenment fashion device to provide more humane executions. Became symbol of revolutionary bloodthirst
Headed prosecution of king, the took over leadership of government. Worked to centralize the gov, set up civic religion "cult of the Supreme Being" to replace Catholicism.
Leading general who soon converted the revolutionary republic to an authoritarian empire. Used a powerful police system to limit freedom of expression.
Congress of Vienna
Allies that brought Napoleon down, met at a location in 1815 to reach a peace settlement that would make revolution impossible.
Focused primarily on issues of political structure. Looked for ways to limit state interference in individual life and urged representation of propertied people in gov.
Accepted liberal ideas but wanted wider voting rights. Some wanted democracy. Urged reforms in interest of lower class.
Loyalty to new regime, a state the people created themselves. Replaced loyalty to church or locality/
Nationalist revolution against Ottoman rule - key step in dismantling Ottoman Empire in Balkan.
French Revolution of 1830
Revolution that installed a different king and a somewhat more liberal monarchy.
Belgian Revolution of 1830
Revolution that produced a liberal regime and a newly independent nation.
Reform Bill of 1832
Gave the parliamentary vote to most middle-class men in Britain.
Devised steam engine used for production that basically started the Industrial Revolution.
Separated work from the home, allowed manufacturers to introduce greater specialization of labor and more explicit rules and discipline.
Groups of workers outright attacked machines. named after a man who was a mythical machine-breaker.
Movement by artisans and workers in Britain in hopes to regulate new technologies and promote popular education.
French Revolution of 1848
Revolution that expelled monarchy for good and briefly established a democratic republic.
Revolutions of 1848
Revolutions that had liberal constitutions to modify conservative monarchies, social reforms that restrain industrialization, and end to manorialism. Nationalist revolts also occurred.
Discovered germs and revolutionized sanitation.
Granted the vote to working class men in 1867.
Count Camilo di Cavour
Supported industrial development and extend the powers of the parliament to please liberal forces. Later united most of the Italian peninsula under Piedmontese king.
Otto von Bismark
Worked w/ parliament and extended vote to all men. Later united Germany by defeating France.
American Civil War
First war based extensively on industrial weaponry and transport system. Simmered dispute over North and South rights and ended slavery.
Parliamentary deputies, no matter what platforms they professed, were transformed once in Rome to a single-minded pursuit of political office and support of the status quo.
Constitutional issues replaced by social issues.
Saw socialism as final phase of an inexorable march of history shaped by the available means of production and who controlled them.
Argued that Marx's revolutionary vision was wrong, because socialism could be achieved through peaceful means.
Sought various legal and economic gains for women.
Mass Leisure Culture
Middle class became more open to idea that pleasure could be legitimate. - Product crazes, comic, crime, sport in newspaper, musicals, trip to beach, comedy, etc.
The great advance in theoretical science came in the field of biology, with the evolutionary theory.
Created the theory of relativity that formalized the behavior of planetary motion and the movement of electrical particles.
Viennese physician that began to develop his theories of the workings of the human unconscious.
Novelist who efforted toward realistic portrayals of human problems, trying to convey information that would inspire reform.
Georges Seurat, a painter, used this, inspired by findingd about how the eye processes color,
Held that emotion and impression, not reason and generalization, were the keys to the mysteries of human experience and nature itself.
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Britain, Russia, France
Nations that were hostile to one another. Won independence from Ottoman Empire.
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