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Unit 3 SE Asia (Japan, Koreas, & Vietnam)
Terms in this set (40)
Why did the United States enter into the Vietnam War?
They wanted to prevent North Vietnam from taking over South Vietnam and in turn stop the spread of communism.
Why did the United States occupy Japan after WWII?
To help rebuild
Who was placed in charge of the occupation of Japan?
General Douglas MacArthur
Who was the United States president at the time of Japan's occupation or at the end of WWII?
Harry S. Truman
Whay type of government did/does Japan have after WWII?
What did the United States do to honor the tradition of the emperor of Japan
Created a constitutional monarchy to give him a place in the government.
What is the role of the monarch in Japan's government today?
What type of tasks did the United States do for Japan during the occupation?
rebuild infrastructure, new government, outlaw military agression, create schools, factories, housing/shelter, food
What is the name of Japan's legislative body? (lawmaking)
What country occupied Korea during WWII?
Who was placed in charge of Korea after WWII?
Soviet Union north of the 38th parallel and United States south of the 38th parallel
What is the likely reason that the Soviet Union stopped as planned at the 38th parallel?
They wanted to control and gain lands in Europe so they wanted to be seen as cooperative
What was the problem with the controlling countries of Korea?
They wanted different forms of government for the new Korea
What was the United States' policy towards this area of the world ?
Containment of communism
After fighting began in Korea, what country aided North Korea with troops?
At the end of the war when a cease fire was agreed upon, how is the land divided?
The DMZ (near the 38th parallel)
Why is it important to have a conversion system for currency (money) between countries?
Which country helped North Korea form their government?
Soviet Union (Remember they occupied it at the time to set up a government. China came in later during the war!)
What country occupied and claimed Vietnam as a colony before WWII?
What country occupied Vietnam during WWII?
Why wasn't France able to get control of Vietnam after WWII?
Could not get military control
North Korea was a communist government
People in south Korea wanted independence from France
What were some of the reasons the United States and South Vietnam had difficulty winning the war?
China sent troops, supplies, and money
The US and allies were fighting Viet Cong and North Korea at the same time
The Viet Cong did not fight like a regular military, they used guerilla war tactics
After the US and allies left Vietnam what occured?
North Vietnam invaded and took control of the whole country. The whole country was then a communist country.
Why did many people from South Vietnam leave (immigrate) to the US and other countries?
The North Vietnamese government punished those that were on the opposing side.
What is special about Japan's economy?
They have few natural resources (import food and resources)
How does Japan make up for its lack of natural resources?
Invest in their Human Capital (Training and Education)
What is one way that Japanese farmers increased their available land for farming?
terraced the hills and mountains
Bad farming techniques and government decisions had what results for North Korea?
What type of government did Ho Chi Minh support?
What did Vietnam and Ho Chi Minh fight for right after WWII?
Independence from France (they had been a colony)
After WWII what country had control of Vietnam for a short time?
Who makes most of the economic and political decisions in North Korea?
What do entrepeneurs have that make them successful?
the development of creative ideas
Who were Japan's allies after WWII?
Great Britain and United States
Who helped South Korea during the Korean War?
United Nations and its allies
Who aided South Vietnam during the war?
What incident reportedly gave the United States the reason it needed to enter into the Vietnam War with troops?
What did the United States do to help South Vietnam before they officially entered the war?
sent money, military advisors and materials
What 2 countries helped North Vietnam?
China and the Soviet Union
Why did China support North Korea?
they are both communist countries