100 terms

Naturalization Exam: 100 Civics Questions

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the Constitution
What is the supreme law of the land?
It sets up the government.

(Defines the government, protects basic rights of Americans)
What does the Constitution do?
We the People
The idea of self-government is in the first three words of the Constitution. What are these words?
A change

(An addition to the Constitution)
What is an amendment?
Bill of Rights
What do we call the first ten amendments to the Constitution?
freedom of speech

(assembly, religion, press, petition the government)
What is one right or freedom from the first amendment?
(More than one correct answer.)
27
How many amendments does the Constitution have?
It said the United States is free

(announced our independence from Great Britain, declared our independence from Great Britain)
What did the Declaration of Independence do?
Life and Liberty

(the pursuit of happiness)
What are two rights in the Declaration of Independence?
(More than one correct answer.)
We can practice any religion, or no religion
What is freedom of religion?
Market Economy

(capitalist economy)
What is the economic system in the United States?
Everyone must obey the law

(Leaders must obey the law. Government must obey the law. No one is above the law.)
What is the "rule of law"?
the President

(Congress, legislative, President, executive, the courts, judicial)
Name one branch or part of the government
(More than one correct answer.)
Separation of Powers

(checks and balances)
What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful?
(More than one correct answer.)
the President
Who is in charge of the Executive branch?
Congress

(Senate and House of Representatives, U.S. legislature)
Who makes federal laws?
the Senate and the House
What are the two parts of the U.S. Congress?
100
How many U.S Senators are there?
6 years
We elect a U.S. senator for how many years?
Chuck Grassley

(Joni Ernst)
Who is one of your state's Senators right now?
(More than one correct answer.)
435
The House of Representatives has how many voting members?
2
We elect a U.S. representative for how many years?
Rod Blum

(Steve King)
Name your U.S representative?
All the people of the state
Who does a U.S Senator represent?
Some states have more people

(because of the state's population)
Why do some states have more representatives than other states?
4
We elect a president for how many years?
November
In what month do we vote for President ?
Donald Trump
What is the name of the President of the United States now?
Mike Pence
What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now?
the Vice President
If the President can no longer serve who becomes President?
the Speaker of the House
If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President?
the President
Who is the commander in chief of the military?
the President
Who signs bills to become laws?
the President
Who vetoes bills?
It advises the President
What does the President's Cabinet do?
Secretary of State and Secretary of Labor

(Secretary of Agriculture, Secretary of Commerce, Secretary of Defense, Secretary of Education, Secretary of Energy, Secretary of Health and Human Services, Secretary of Homeland Security, Secretary of Housing and Urban Development, Secretary of the Interior, Secretary of Transportation, Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Veterans Affairs, Attorney General)
What are two cabinet-level positions?
(More than one correct answer.)
It explains laws

(reviews laws, resolves disputes or disagreements, decides if a law goes against the Constitution)
What does the Judicial branch do?
(More than one correct answer.)
the Supreme Court
What is the highest court in the United States?
9
How many justices are on the Supreme Court?
John Roberts
Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now?
to print money

(to declare war, to create an army, to make treaties)
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government?
(More than one correct answer.)
to give a driver's license

(provide schooling and education, provide protection/police, provide safety/fire departments, approve zoning and land use)
Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states?
(More than one correct answer.)
Terry Branstad (R)
Who is Governor of your state?
Des Moines
What is the capital of your state?
Democratic and Republican
What are the two major political parties in the United States?
Republican
What is the political party of the President now?
Paul Ryan
What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now?
to vote

(serve on a jury)
What is one responsibility that is only for United States citizens?
(More than one correct answer.)
to vote in a federal election

(run for federal office)
Name one right only for United States citizens?
Freedom of speech and freedom of religion

(freedom of expression, freedom of assembly, freedom to petition the government, the right to bear arms)
What are two rights of everyone living in the United States?
(More than one correct answer.)
the United States

(the flag)
What do we show loyalty to when we say the Pledge of Allegiance?
to obey the laws

(give up loyalty to other countries, defend the Constitution and laws of the United States, serve in the US military if needed, serve/do important work for the nation if needed, be loyal to the US)
What is one promise you make when you become a United States citizen?
(More than one correct answer.)
18
How old do citizens have to be to vote for a President?
vote and write to a newspaper

(join a political party, help with a campaign, join a civic group, join a community group, give an elected official your opinion on an issue, call Senators and Representatives, publicly support or oppose an issue or policy, run for office)
What are two ways that Americans can participate in their democracy?
(More than one correct answer.)
April 15th
When is the last day you can send in Federal income tax forms?
at age 18

(between 18 and 26)
When must all males register for the Selective Service?
for freedom

(political liberty, religious freedom, economic opportunity, practice their religion, escape persecution)
What is one reason colonists came to America?
(More than one correct answer.)
American Indians

(Native Americans)
Who lived in America before the Europeans arrived?
people from Africa

(Africans)
What group of people was taken to America and sold as slaves?
They wanted to choose their own leaders

(because of high taxes/taxation without representation, because the British army stayed in their houses, because they didn't have self-government)
Why did the colonists fight the British?
(More than one correct answer.)
Jefferson
Who wrote the Declaration of Independence?
July 4th, 1776
When was the Declaration of Independence adopted?
New York, New Jersey, New Hampshire

(Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Pennsylvania, Delaware, Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia)
There were 13 original states. Name three.
(More than one correct answer.)
The Constitution was written.

(The Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution)
What happened at the Constitutional Convention?
1787
When was the Constitution written?
Hamilton

( James Madison, John Jay, Publius)
The Federalist Papers supported the passage of the U.S. Constitution. Name one of the writers.
(More than one correct answer.)
He started the first free libraries

(US Diplomat, oldest member of the Constitutional Convention, first Postmaster General of the United States, writer of "Poor Richard's Almanac)
What is one thing Benjamin Franklin is famous for?
(More than one correct answer.)
Washington
Who is the "Father of our Country?"
Washington
Who was the first President?
Louisiana

(the Louisiana Territory)
What territory did the United States buy from France on 1803?
the Civil War

(War of 1812, Mexican-American War, Spanish-American War)
Name one war fought by the United States in the 1800s.
(More than one correct answer.)
the Civil War

(the War between the States)
Name the U.S. war between the North and the South.
Slavery

(economic reasons, states' rights)
Name one problem that led to the Civil War.
(More than one correct answer.)
Freed the slaves

(saved/preserved the Union, led the US during the Civil War)
What was one important thing that Abraham Lincoln did?
(More than one correct answer.)
Freed the slaves

(freed slaves in the Confederacy, freed slaves in the Confederate States, freed slaves in most Southern states)
What did the Emancipation Proclamation do?
She worked for women's rights

(fought for civil rights)
What did Susan B. Anthony do?
World War 2

(World War 1, Korean War, Vietnam War, Persian/Gulf War)
Name one war fought by the U.S. in the 1900s.
(More than one correct answer.)
Wilson

(Woodrow Wilson)
Who was President during World War I?
Roosevelt

(Franklin Roosevelt)
Who was President during the Great Depression and World War 2?
Japan, Germany, Italy
Who did the U.S. fight in World War 2?
World War 2
Before he was President, Eisenhower was a general. What war was he in?
Communism
During the Cold War, what was the main concern for the United States?
the Civil Rights Movement
What movement tried to end racial discrimination?
He worked for civil rights

(worked for equality for all Americans)
What did Martin Luther King, Jr. do?
(More than one correct answer.)
Terrorists attacked the United States
What major event happened on September 11, 2001 in the United States?
Hopi

(Cherokee, Navajo, Sioux, Chippewa, Choctaw, Pueblo, Apache, Iroquois, Creek, Blackfeet, Seminole, Cheyenne, Arawak, Shawnee, Mohegan, Huron, Oneida, Lakota, Crow, Teton, Inuit)
Name one American Indian tribe in the United States?
(More than one correct answer.)
the Mississippi

(Missouri River)
Name one of the two longest rivers in the United States?
(More than one correct answer.)
the Pacific
What ocean is on the West Coast of the United States?
the Atlantic
What ocean is on the East Coast of the United States?
Guam

(Puerto Rico, U.S. Virgin Islands, American Samoa, Northern Mariana Islands)
Name one U.S. territory
(More than one correct answer.)
Alaska

(Maine, New Hampshire, Vermont, New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio, Michigan, Minnesota, North Dakota, Montana, Idaho, Washington)
Name one state that borders Canada.
(More than one correct answer.)
California

(Arizona, New Mexico, Texas)
Name the states that border Mexico.
(More than one correct answer.)
Washington D.C.
What is the capital of the United States?
New York

(Liberty Island)
Where is the Statue of Liberty?
because there were 13 original colonies

(because the stripes represent the original colonies)
Why does the flag have 13 stripes?
because there are 50 states

(because there is one star for each state, because each star represents a state)
Why does the flag have 50 stars?
The Star-Spangled Banner
What is the name of the national anthem?
July 4th
When do we celebrate Independence Day?
Columbus Day and Thanksgiving

(New Year's Day, Martin Luther King Jr Day, Presidents' Day, Memorial Day, Independence Day, Labor Day, Veterans Day, Christmas)
Name two national U.S. holidays.
(More than one correct answer.)
18-year-old citizens can vote

(you don't have to pay a poll tax to vote, men and women can vote, a male citizen of any race can vote.)
There are 4 amendments to the Constitution about who can vote. Describe one of them.
(More than one correct answer.)
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