127 terms


Chauvet Cave is located in __________.
Southern France
The word "Neolithic" means __________.
New Stone
Archaeologists link the emergence of image making to the arrival of __________.
Homo Sapiens Sapiens
Representational images began appearing in Australia, Africa, and Europe beginning approximately __________ years ago.
Prehistoric people often coated their floors with powdered __________.
The Lion-Human sculpture from Hohlenstein-Stadel, Germany is made of __________.
Mammoth Ivory
The Woman from Brassempouy captures the true essence of a head, also called the __________ __________.
Memory Image
The earliest known prehistoric cave painting site was discovered in 1994 and is called __________.
Small-scale female sculptures from the Upper Paleolithic period were once called __________figures, which implied a religious association, although this has not yet been proven.
Walls of woven branches that were covered with mud or clay, or ______ and______ was a common building technique used in central Europe during the Neolithic period.
Wattle; Daub
The simplest form of construction used to span space is __________-and-__________.
Post; Lintel
The word megalithic means __________.
Large Stone
Stonehenge was created in __________ phases of construction and activity, starting in 3000 BCE during the Neolithic Period and stretching over a millennium and a half into the Bronze Age.
Stonehenge was built in __________-and-__________ construction.
Post; Lintel
The lintels of Stonehenge are secured by __________-and-__________ joints.
Mortise; Tenon
Bronze is an alloy of __________ and __________.
Tin; Copper
The term ______________includes all of human existence prior to the emergence of writing.
Prehistory includes all of human existence prior to the development of ___________.
Written Records
Modern humans first appeared in ____________.
Handprints at the cave at Pech-Merle were probably created using what technique?
Spraying paint onto the cave wall.
The Greeks called __________ the "land between the rivers."
The Sumerians invented the first system of writing called ______________.
Ziggurats functioned symbolically as _______________.
Bridges between earth and the heavens
The most complete version found of the Epic of Gilgamesh was written in __________.
The most impressive surviving archeological remains of the Sumerians is the __________.
Sumerians used the hard, rock __________ for identifying documents and establishing property ownership.
Cylinder Seals
The image of Gudea, the ruler of Lagash, is well-known to students of Near Eastern art because of the twenty surviving ____________________that he commissioned.
Votive statues
Mesopotamian sculptors told stories clearly and economically by organizing visual narratives in horizontal bands called________________.
The notched walls built as part of military defenses are called __________.
Ziggurats in the ancient Near East were dedicated to _____________.
In the many votive statues commissioned by Gudea, he is represented as ____________________.
A strong and peaceful ruler
Known for his persecution of Jews, as recorded in the Hebrew Bible's Book of Daniel, Nebuchadnezzar II was responsible for transforming ______________into one of the most splendid cities of its day.
The Neo-Babylonians used turquoise, blue, and gold __________to form the symbolic images covering the Ishtar Gate.
Glazed Bricks
In the Stele of Naram-Sin (Fig. 2-1), what artistic device is used to signal Naram-Sin's importance and reinforce his divine right to rule?
Hieratic Scale
From the ninth to seventh century BCE, the __________ culture controlled most of Mesopotamia.
The Stele of Hammurabi is significant as both a work of ancient Mesopotamian art and as __________.
An historical document recording a written code of law
Sumerian votive figures were dedicated to the __________.
Temples at the top of ziggurats did NOT include ____________
Votive statues of worshippers
The narrative relief panels lining the courtyard at Sargon's palace complex functioned primarily to __________.
Intimidate visitors to the king
The Mesopotamian's desire to represent ______________forced sculptors to use symbols and condense stories to their most essential elements.
Complex visual narrative
King Tutankhamen's mummified body was enclosed in three nested coffins with the innermost made of __________.
Egyptian history is divided into __________.
The Egyptian life spirit or life force is called the __________.
A (An) __________ is literally a "city of the dead."
__________ is the first architect known in history by name.
Egypt's most famous pyramids are the ones at __________.
The Great Sphinx is thought to be a portrait of __________.
The Great Hall at Karnak has massive __________capitals on the columns supporting the raised, center part of the roof.
The female pharaoh __________ left the great legacy of Egyptian monuments.
King Tutankhamun's tomb was found in the_________.
Valley of the Kings
Which object commemorates the unification of Egypt and signals the beginning of the dynastic period?
The Palette of Narmer
According to legend, the early Egyptian kings were gods who ruled on earth. The conventions governing ancient Egyptian art changed _____________ over its three-thousand year history.
Very Little
Scholars determined the name of the figures depicted on the Palette of Narmer from ___________.
An Egyptian convention used for representing the human figure was to show eyes and torsos ___________.
Canopic jars were special containers in tombs were used to hold __________.
Bodily Organs
Standing figures in Egyptian art are typically shown __________.
In Stride
Egyptian sculptors relied on ____________to guide them in proportioning the human figures when carving reliefs
A squared Grid
Beni Hasan on the east bank of the Nile is the site of many ______________.
Rock Cut Tombs
The hypostyle hall at Karnak was filled with ____________decorated with painted pictorial reliefs and inscriptions.
Sculptures portraying Hatshepsut as a __________reflect the power of tradition and artistic convention in Egypt.
Male King
About 3,500 years ago, the city of __________, now called Santorini, was destroyed by a volcanic eruption.
The archeologist __________ located and excavated Troy.
The wall painting Girl Gathering Saffron Crocus Flowers (Fig. 4-1) demonstrates Aegean cultural practices related to ____________.
a woman's entry into adolescence
Which of the following is characteristic of Kamares ware?
it's extreme thinness
The technique of painting on a wet plaster surface is called __________.
Buon Fresco
In about 1450 BCE, people called the __________, from mainland Greece, arrived in Crete and overtook the Minoans.
Minoan cities were generally unfortified; on the other hand, the Mycenaeans constructed strongholds of megaliths called __________ to protect their palaces.
The large above-ground burial places of Mycenae are called tholos tombs or __________.
Beehive Tombs
The term _________describes the precisely cut blocks used to build Mycenaean tholos tombs.
Wall paintings found at Akrotiri reveal the bright colors, natural forms and sophisticated decorative sense characteristic of _________ art
Cycladic marble figures were originally ___________.
Cycladic sculptors created marble statues of nude women that ALL ______________
Conform to the same design system
According to the text, Minoan artists were known for their accomplishments in what medium?
The term "Labyrinth" applied to the "palace" at Knossos originally referred to the building's____________.
Double-axe decorative motif
The Bull's-Head Rhyton (Fig. 4-9) would have been used _____________.
To pour ritual libations
Archeologists studying Mycenaean culture rely on the ___________of the citadel site for their information.
Mycenaean tholos tombs are popularly called ______tombs because of their rounded, conical shape.
he sculpted animals on the Mycenaean Lion Gate occupy the triangular space formed by what architectural component?
The corbelled arch
The earliest tomb structures on mainland Greece are _________, deep vertical pits where ruling families laid out their dead.
Shaft Graves
What building method was used to create the conical roof structure that characterizes tholos tombs?
The sculptor Polykleitos wrote a treatise called __________ that specified a set of rules for constructing what he considered to be the ideal human figure.
The Canon
The Propylaia was a monumental entrance to the Athenian acropolis, which also housed one of the earliest known _______.
The __________ period is named for the influence of Egypt, the Near East, and Asia Minor on Greek art.
The Classical period is subdivided into three phases: the __________, __________, and __________ Classical period.
Early, High, Late
The sculpture Man and Centaur ( Fig. 5-3) exemplifies the __________style.
The three orders of Greek architecture are the __________, __________, and __________ order
Doric; Ionic; Corinthian
Which of the following would NOT be seen in a Greek kore figure?
The beautiful black-figure vase of Dionysos with Maenads ( Fig. 5-21) by the Amasis Painter exemplifies a vase shape called a(n) __________.
______________refers to presenting standing figures with opposing alternations of tension and relaxation around a central axis, a convention that dominates Greek Classical art.
The word __________ means a part of a city on top of a hill.
Which term applies to the earliest period of Greek art?
What building material became popular for Greek temples in the Archaic period?
Stone and Marble
Although caryatids appear in the place of columns at the Treasury of the Siphnians in Delphi ( Fig. 5-7), the structure's continuous frieze indicates use of the ________order.
Greek kouroi figures were commissioned as ___________.
commemorative objects
In both red- and black- figure vase painting techniques, the areas that were painted with slip would be ________after firing.
Where was Phideas's large ivory and gold statue of Athena located in the Parthenon?
the cella
______________was used to create more realistic facial details of the Riace Warriors ( Fig. 5-26).
Inlaid glass and metal
In contrast to Greek art of the High Classical period, ________________became popular subject matter in the late 4th century.
Dramatic Narratives
White-ground technique is most common on vessels used for ___________.
funerary purposes
What feature(s) do Greek kouroi and standing figures in Egyptian art have in common?
A rigid, upright stance
Which feature of Etruscan temples most resembled temples built in Greece?
the columns and entablature
The Etruscans often decorated their tombs to resemble_____________.
Rooms in their homes
Changes in Roman burial practice in the second and third centuries led to commissions of elaborately decorated _______.
Housing in a Roman city was made up of apartment blocks called __________.
What was the function of the colossal statue of Constantine the Great (Fig. 6-66)?
It served as a permanent stand-in for the emperor.
The Roman home generally consisted of small rooms arranged around one or two open courts called the __________ and the __________.
atrium; peristyle
The study of what part of Roman homes had been neglected until 1973?
the gardens
The Flavian Amphitheater (Fig. 6-41) is also known as the "Colosseum" because of __________.
the statue of Nero that stood next to it
Roman artists created beautiful mosaic panels called __________ in their workshops and then installed them in the desired location.
The Baths of Caracalla (Fig. 6-55; -56) are laid out on a __________plan.
What motif commonly appears in Etruscan tomb painting?
Scenes of festive leisure activities
The decoration of Etruscan tombs suggests a _________ attitude towards death and the afterlife.
The Etruscan's production of large-scale sculpture using ________ demonstrates exceptional technical skills.
Which metalworking technique was used to decorate bronze Etruscan citae?
An artistic ideal emerged in Roman portraiture during the Republican period that emphasized_____________.
distinguishing features and the effects of aging
The dramatic action of the Gemma Augustea (Fig. 6-19) reflects the influence of ___________art.
The paintings in House of the Vetii (Fig. 6-25) ________________.
resemble framed pictures hung on the wall
Artists decorating the Villa at Boscoreale used ___________to create the illusion of cityscapes seen off in the distance.
intrinsic perspective
What distinctly Roman structure served as both commemorative sculpture and an architectural gateway for parades?
the triumphal arch
What technological innovation allowed the Romans to create the curved walls of the Pantheon?
Which Neolithic site is an example of a passage grave?
Which of the following materials was NOT used in the Great Lyre with Bull's Head (pages 34-35)?
What is a key problem with fresco secco?
The pigment may eventually flake off
The desire of Greek artists to _________existing artistic trends resulted in dramatic stylistic changes over the course of a few centuries.
improve upon
The term "Pausian" refers to ______________.
opulent floral borders in paintings and mosaics
The Porta Augusta (Fig. 6-2) is architecturally significant for its use of ___________, which anticipates Roman building practices.
a barrel vault
Relief carvings on the Arch of Constantine (Fig. 6-62) demonstrate a stylistic shift in art of the fourth century that was characterized by _____________.
a flattened, hierarchical approach to representation