Period 3 Key Concept 3.3 Increased Economic Productive Capacity and Its Consequences

Terms in this set (12)

As in the previous period, social structures were shaped largely by class and caste hierarchies. Patriarchy persisted; however, in some areas, women exercised more power and influence, most notably among the Mongols and in West Africa, Japan, and Southeast Asia. FOR EX- in Southeast Asia specially in Malay Peninsula, Indonesia, and the Philippines women sold at the outdoor markets, provided money changing services, and engaged in long distance trade. The coming of Islam did not change women's commercial participation, and today it still is mostly women who trade in small scale goods, even in seclusion.
As in the previous period, there were many forms of labor organization such as -
• Free peasant agriculture- peasants some freedom and were the majority of the population
• Nomadic pastoralism- They were peasants without arable land. They follow their animals from pasture to pasture depending on the season. These people are generally associated with warrior-based cultures that became fearsome to settled people.
• Craft production and guild organization- are simply a collection of craftsmen of a similar trade. The goal of these GUILDS is to regulate their industry. GUILDS are a global entity from China, India, Persia, Africa, and Europe.
• Government-imposed labor taxes- Medieval taxes were paid to the ruling class (usually to the King). The tax was often on land or came in the form of custom duties (taxes paid on moving from place to place)
• Military obligations- PEASANT who worked the land of a LORD would owe military service for that LORD in return for land usage.
• In addition to these previous forms of labor organization new forms of coerced labor appeared, including serfdom in Europe and Japan and the elaboration of the mit'a in the Incan Empire
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