Review for climate test. Chapter 24 How do certain factors affect climate?
Terms in this set (15)
How does latitude affect climate?
The lower the latitude, the warmer the temperatures. As latitude increases, temperature decreases.
How does Closeness to bodies of water affect Climate?
Water moderates temperature. Cooler summers and warmer winters. Less drastic changes in temperature than in the center of the continent.
How do mountain ranges affect climate?
On the windward side, air is cool and moist.
On the leeward side, air is warm and dry.
How does elevation/altitude affect climate?
As altitude increases, temperature decreases.
How do ocean currents affect climate?
Cold currents make climate cold.
Warm currents make climate warm.
How do prevailing winds affect climate?
Where the wind is coming from is what will affect your climate.
Winds from lower latitudes cause warm temperatures, Wind from water brings precipitation.
How does vegetation affect climate?
Dense vegetation causes cool, humid summers. Plants go through the process of transpiration, they give off water vapor.
What moderates the temperature on a coastline?
A large body of water.
How do clouds form on the windward side of a mountain?
Rising warm air expands, cools to the dew point, and condensation occurs to form clouds.
Which side of a mountain would have dry climate? Windward or Leeward?
Leeward, the windward side is cool and moist.
What interaction between the atmosphere and the hydrosphere causes most surface, ocean currents?
The friction from the planetary winds on the ocean's surface.
Compared to an inland location, a location on an ocean shore (same latitude and elevation) is likely to have..
Cooler summers and warmer winters.
What is El Nino?
An upwelling of warm currents on the western coast.
When does el nino happen?
Every 3-7 years.
What is la nina?
When cold, nutrient-rich water rises to the surface.
Creates stronger trade winds.