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CHAPTER 14 - PERSONALITY
Terms in this set (10)
an individual's characteris- tic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting.
view personality with a focus on the uncon- scious and the importance of childhood experiences.
Freud's theory of personality that attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts; the techniques used in treating psychological disorders by seeking to ex- pose and interpret unconscious tensions
according to Freud, a res- ervoir of mostly unacceptable thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories. Ac- cording to contemporary psychologists, information processing of which we are unaware.
a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind, no matter how trivial or embarrassing.
a reservoir of unconscious psychic energy that, according to Freud, strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggres-
sive drives. The id operates on the pleasure principle, demanding immediate gratification.
the largely conscious, "executive" part of personality that, according to Freud, mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality. The ego operates on the reality principle, satisfying the id's desires in ways that will realisti- cally bring pleasure rather than pain.
the part of personality that, according to Freud, represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgment (the conscience) and for future aspirations.
the childhood stages of development (oral, anal, phallic, latency, genital) during which, according to Freud, the id's pleasure-seeking ener- gies focus on distinct erogenous zones.
he process by which, according to Freud, children incorporate their parents' values into their developing superegos.
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