39 terms

Figure Drawing Terms


Terms in this set (...)

Picture Plane
The invisible plane where the artist looks or places his/her attention.
Horizontal picture plane.
Vertical picture plane.
Flat Space
Based on horizontals and verticals which create a grid structure. Shapes rather than forms predominate.
Illusionistic Space
Uses relative size of objects depicted, clarity and contrast, direction and marks, position of marks with regard to the horizon line, overlapping lines and shapes.
Ambiguous Space
Uses a combination of both flat and illusionistic space in the same composition.
Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
Based on the amount of atmospheric air between the artist and the object. Contrast, clarity, and changes in value.
The order in which shapes overlap each other indicates position in space.
Size Constancy
Related to perspective. Objects appear to get smaller but we dont think they shrink in size.
Linear Perspective
A system developed in the Renaissance to depict an illusionistic space. Assumes a static viewpoint and uses the idea that parallel lines appear to converge and get smaller as they recede into the distance.
Eye Level
The artist's point of view.
Horizon Line
An imaginary line at eye-level where the horizon meets the sky.
The higher on the picture plane objects are placed, the further away they will seem.
Perceptual skills of drawing
1 edges 2 spaces 3 relationships 4 value 5 whole (gestalt)
Gesture Drawing
Captures the main action of what is being observed by the artist.
Used to develop a sense of proportion through measurement. Working general to specific.
Apparent distortion of shape or form when its longest dimension is positioned at an angle to the picture plane.
Objective Drawing
Rational, Classic, Universal, Geometric, Structured, Systematic
Subjective Drawing
Emotional, Romantic, Specific, Biomorphic, Organic, Haphazard
Positive Shapes
The pictorial, flat counterparts of forms in the real world.
Negative Shapes
The pictorial, flat counterpart of negative, or framed space in the real world.
Linear Perspective
A system for representing deep space from a single point of view, it is based on the premise that things that are close appear larger than those that are farther away.
Perspective of the whole--the thingness of a thing, the tendency to perceive and understand the total concept of form.
Planar Analysis
A structural description of form, in which complexities of shape and form are generalized into major planar, or spatial zones.
Actual perceived texture of forms and simulated or decorative texture applied to forms as surface effects.
Repetition of marks or shapes that appear from a distance as textures or surface marks that can be descriptive or decorative.
Black, white, and shades of gray
"light to dark"
Brightest spot where light falls on the form
Reductive drawing
Use of toned ground, pulling the light values out and adding darker values
Additive drawing
Building shapes, forms, volumes from a white background by adding line, tone, texture, and value
underlies a work's impact as a complete event
creates relationships between parts of a drawing based on an attraction of opposites
visual weighting creates equilibrium through symmetry and asymmetry
implies direction, speed, momentum
create organizational relationships
simple rather than simplistic
7 1/2 heads
=a standing figure at eye level
hairline to brow, brow to nose, nose to chin