39 terms

Figure Drawing Terms

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Terms in this set (...)

Picture Plane
The invisible plane where the artist looks or places his/her attention.
Landscape
Horizontal picture plane.
Portrait
Vertical picture plane.
Flat Space
Based on horizontals and verticals which create a grid structure. Shapes rather than forms predominate.
Illusionistic Space
Uses relative size of objects depicted, clarity and contrast, direction and marks, position of marks with regard to the horizon line, overlapping lines and shapes.
Ambiguous Space
Uses a combination of both flat and illusionistic space in the same composition.
Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
Based on the amount of atmospheric air between the artist and the object. Contrast, clarity, and changes in value.
Overlap
The order in which shapes overlap each other indicates position in space.
Size Constancy
Related to perspective. Objects appear to get smaller but we dont think they shrink in size.
Linear Perspective
A system developed in the Renaissance to depict an illusionistic space. Assumes a static viewpoint and uses the idea that parallel lines appear to converge and get smaller as they recede into the distance.
Eye Level
The artist's point of view.
Horizon Line
An imaginary line at eye-level where the horizon meets the sky.
Position
The higher on the picture plane objects are placed, the further away they will seem.
Perceptual skills of drawing
1 edges 2 spaces 3 relationships 4 value 5 whole (gestalt)
Gesture Drawing
Captures the main action of what is being observed by the artist.
Sighting
Used to develop a sense of proportion through measurement. Working general to specific.
Foreshortened
Apparent distortion of shape or form when its longest dimension is positioned at an angle to the picture plane.
Objective Drawing
Rational, Classic, Universal, Geometric, Structured, Systematic
Subjective Drawing
Emotional, Romantic, Specific, Biomorphic, Organic, Haphazard
Positive Shapes
The pictorial, flat counterparts of forms in the real world.
Negative Shapes
The pictorial, flat counterpart of negative, or framed space in the real world.
Linear Perspective
A system for representing deep space from a single point of view, it is based on the premise that things that are close appear larger than those that are farther away.
Gestalt
Perspective of the whole--the thingness of a thing, the tendency to perceive and understand the total concept of form.
Planar Analysis
A structural description of form, in which complexities of shape and form are generalized into major planar, or spatial zones.
Texture
Actual perceived texture of forms and simulated or decorative texture applied to forms as surface effects.
Pattern
Repetition of marks or shapes that appear from a distance as textures or surface marks that can be descriptive or decorative.
Value
Black, white, and shades of gray
Chiaroscuro
"light to dark"
Highlight
Brightest spot where light falls on the form
Reductive drawing
Use of toned ground, pulling the light values out and adding darker values
Additive drawing
Building shapes, forms, volumes from a white background by adding line, tone, texture, and value
Unity
underlies a work's impact as a complete event
Contrast
creates relationships between parts of a drawing based on an attraction of opposites
Balance
visual weighting creates equilibrium through symmetry and asymmetry
Movement
implies direction, speed, momentum
Repition
create organizational relationships
Economy
simple rather than simplistic
7 1/2 heads
=a standing figure at eye level
1/3
hairline to brow, brow to nose, nose to chin