The invisible plane where the artist looks or places his/her attention.
Horizontal picture plane.
Vertical picture plane.
Based on horizontals and verticals which create a grid structure. Shapes rather than forms predominate.
Uses relative size of objects depicted, clarity and contrast, direction and marks, position of marks with regard to the horizon line, overlapping lines and shapes.
Uses a combination of both flat and illusionistic space in the same composition.
Aerial or Atmospheric Perspective
Based on the amount of atmospheric air between the artist and the object. Contrast, clarity, and changes in value.
The order in which shapes overlap each other indicates position in space.
Related to perspective. Objects appear to get smaller but we dont think they shrink in size.
A system developed in the Renaissance to depict an illusionistic space. Assumes a static viewpoint and uses the idea that parallel lines appear to converge and get smaller as they recede into the distance.
The artist's point of view.
An imaginary line at eye-level where the horizon meets the sky.
The higher on the picture plane objects are placed, the further away they will seem.