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Kaiser Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
Charles Evans Hughes
Secretary of State under Harding, Proposed a 10-year moratorium on the construction of major new warships at the Washington Conference
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, which started World War I
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)
1911 - After the French received Morocco, Germany demanded an international conference- German bullying forced England and France closer. Germany gained nothing.
treaty between bismarck and russia in 1887 so germany wouldn't have a 2 front war. wilhelm fired bismarck, removed treaty, russia allied with france
Location where the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austrian Empire was assassinated
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Head of the War Industries Board, which attempted to impose some order on the U.S. war production
A suffragette who believed that giving women the right to vote would eliminate the corruption in politics
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Democratic candidate who, along with Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt, helped to keep the ideals of Wilson alive
Paul von Hindenburg
President of the Weimar Republic of Germany who appointed Hitler Chancellor in 1933
This German, along with his partner Hindenburg, essentially ran Germany during the end of the war
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
German journalist and philosopher, founder of the Marxist branch of socialism. He is known for two books: The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. I-III, 1867-1894). (p. 709)
Leader of Provincial Government installed in Russia following the March 1917 Revolution; overthrown by Bolsheviks
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Schenck v United States
Supreme court decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, this can limit free speech
Industrial Workers of the World
an international industrial labor union, considered radical by many, organized in Chicago
War Industries Board
Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
Woodrow Wilson (US president), Georges Clemenceau (french premier), David Lloyd George (british prime minister), Vittorio Orlando (italian prime minister)
Created by Wilson during WWI - Led by Herbert Hoover - set up ration system to save food for soldiers
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools
secratary of tresury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis
one of the most important authors in american literature, not afraid to express his anti semitism
American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
founds universal negro improvement association (UNIA); believed in separation of the races and started the "back to africa" movement
wrote "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land" and "The Hollow Men;" British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic
English comedian and film maker; portrayed a downtrodden little man in baggy pants and bowler hat
a condition in which many cultures coexist within a society and maintain their cultural differences
John Dewey led movement that focused on personal growth, not mastery of body of knowledge and learning through experience
buying on margin
buying stock by paying only a portion of the full cost up-front with promises to pay the rest later
The Birth of a Nation
One of the first classic full-length "moving-pictures," it glorified the KKK and defamed blacks and carpetbaggers.
Immigration Quota Act
immigration, 2% of the people of their nationality who had been living in the U.S. in 1890. Southern Europeans were at a disadvantage
National Origins Act of 1924
Excluded Asians from being able to immigrate into US. Decreased the 1921 quota from 3% to 2%.
This group of people supported Darwinism and they refused to accept the bible as history or science
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