104 terms

APUSH Unit 15

John Pershing
US General who searched for Pancho Villa
Kaiser Wilhelm II
was the Kaiser of Germany at the time of the First World War reigning from 1888-1918. He pushed for a more aggressive foreign policy by means of colonies and a strong navy to compete with Britain. His actions added to the growing tensions in pre-1914 Europe.
Charles Evans Hughes
Secretary of State under Harding, Proposed a 10-year moratorium on the construction of major new warships at the Washington Conference
Archduke Franz Ferdinand
heir to the Austria-Hungarian throne, was assassinated in Sarajevo, which started World War I
Czar Nicholas II
Russian Czar during WWI; unpopular with Russian people; overthrown in March 1917; executed by Bolsheviks after November Revolution (1917)
Gavril Princip
Serbian nationalist who killed Archduke Ferdinand
Marshal Foch
French supreme commander of Allied forces
Douglas Haig
commander general of Brits. committed to pushing German army out of France.
Otto von Bismark
Prussian leader of German unification/nationalism movement
Morocco Crises
1911 - After the French received Morocco, Germany demanded an international conference- German bullying forced England and France closer. Germany gained nothing.
Reinsurance Treaty
treaty between bismarck and russia in 1887 so germany wouldn't have a 2 front war. wilhelm fired bismarck, removed treaty, russia allied with france
Location where the Archduke Francis Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austrian Empire was assassinated
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, and Ottoman Empire
Triple Alliance
Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy
Triple Entente
Russia, France, Great Britain
American boat that was sunk by the German U-boats; made America consider entering WWI
a German submarine that was the first submarine employed in warfare, initially used during WW1
Arabic and Sussex
2 other ships sunk by Germans w/o warning
George Creel
Propagandist in charge of Committee of Public Information
Eugene Debs
ran for president again
Bernard Baruch
Head of the War Industries Board, which attempted to impose some order on the U.S. war production
Herbert Hoover
31st President of the United States
Alice Paul
A suffragette who believed that giving women the right to vote would eliminate the corruption in politics
Henry Cabot Lodge
Chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee, he was a leader in the fight against participation in the League of Nations
Warren G. Harding
president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism
James Cox
Democratic candidate who, along with Assistant Secretary of the Navy Franklin Roosevelt, helped to keep the ideals of Wilson alive
Paul von Hindenburg
President of the Weimar Republic of Germany who appointed Hitler Chancellor in 1933
Erich Ludendorff
This German, along with his partner Hindenburg, essentially ran Germany during the end of the war
Josef Stalin
Leader of communist Russia as dictator
Vladimir Lenin
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Leon Trotsky
Russian revolutionary and Communist theorist who helped Lenin and built up the army
Karl Marx
German journalist and philosopher, founder of the Marxist branch of socialism. He is known for two books: The Communist Manifesto (1848) and Das Kapital (Vols. I-III, 1867-1894). (p. 709)
Alexander Kerensky
Leader of Provincial Government installed in Russia following the March 1917 Revolution; overthrown by Bolsheviks
collective security
the principle of mutual military assistance among nations
military draft
Zimmerman note
Message proposing an alliance between Germany and Mexico
Fourteen Points
Wilson's document meant to prevent international problems from causing another war
League of Nations
An organization of nations formed after World War I to promote cooperation and peace among nations
Committee on Public Information
rallied American's war efforts through propaganda
Espionage Act
1917, outlawed treason (opposing draft, criticizing government, flag, or military)
Schenck v United States
Supreme court decides that any actions taken that present a "clear and present danger" to the public or government isn't allowed, this can limit free speech
Industrial Workers of the World
an international industrial labor union, considered radical by many, organized in Chicago
War Industries Board
Headed by Bernard Baruch, could order businesses to support war by building more plants, etc.
18th Amendment
19th Amendment
women's suffrage
Russian communist party who controlled Russia by the end of 1917
Big Four
Woodrow Wilson (US president), Georges Clemenceau (french premier), David Lloyd George (british prime minister), Vittorio Orlando (italian prime minister)
Senators who voted against the League of Nations with or without reservations
Food Administration
Created by Wilson during WWI - Led by Herbert Hoover - set up ration system to save food for soldiers
Treaty of Versailles
the treaty imposed on Germany by the Allied powers in 1920 after the end of World War I which demanded exorbitant reparations from the Germans
Weimar Republic
The german government from 1917-1933 overthrown by Nazis
Right-wing or moderate Marxists willing to cooperate with the bourgeoisie. (minority men)
the industrial working class
educated, middle class of France; provided force behind the Revolution
system in which poor people are legally bound to work for wealthy landowners
an economic system based on state ownership of capital
an economic system based on private property and free enterprise
a form of socialism that abolishes private ownership
A. Mitchell Palmer
attorney general who authorized anti-radical raids and deportations
Randolph Bourne
critic on immigration - cosmopolitanism - cross fertilization of immigrants
Al Capone
United States gangster who terrorized Chicago during Prohibition until arrested for tax evasion (1899-1947)
John T Scopes
Biology teacher who voluntarly tought evolution and got arrested
William Jennings Bryan
Lawyer for the state of TN in the "Monkey Trial"
Clarence Darrow
Defended John Scopes during the Scopes Trial. He argued that evolution should be taught in schools
Andrew Mellon
secratary of tresury 1921-33, beleived that the depression should run its course and that natural market forces would restore to full employment
Henry Ford
United States manufacturer of automobiles who pioneered mass production (1863-1947)
Frederick W Taylor
father of scientific management
Charles Lindbergh
United States aviator who in 1927 made the first solo nonstop flight across the Atlantic Ocean (1902-1974)
Margaret Sanger
United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood
SIgmund Freud
austrian physician whose work focused on the unconscious causes of behavior and personality formation; founded psychoanalysis
HL Mencken
one of the most important authors in american literature, not afraid to express his anti semitism
F Scott Fitzgerald
Great Gatsby
John Dewey
United States pragmatic philosopher who advocated progressive education (1859-1952)
Ernest Hemingway
One of the most popular writers of the 1920's who wrote "A Farewell to Arms"
Sinclair Lewis
American novelist who attacked American society with irony- First American to win a Nobel Prize for Literature
Marcus Garvey
founds universal negro improvement association (UNIA); believed in separation of the races and started the "back to africa" movement
TS Eliot
wrote "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock," "The Waste Land" and "The Hollow Men;" British WWI poet, playwright, and literary critic
Babe Ruth
United States professional baseball player famous for hitting home runs (1895-1948)
Charlie Chaplin
English comedian and film maker; portrayed a downtrodden little man in baggy pants and bowler hat
Clara Bow
Silent film Hollywood "it girl", flapper, sex symbol
Mary Pickford
United States film actress (born in Canada) who starred in silent films (1893-1979)
Rudolph Valentino
The most popular movie actor of the 1920's
a person who favors those born in his country and is opposed to immigrants
cultural pluralism
a condition in which many cultures coexist within a society and maintain their cultural differences
progressive education
John Dewey led movement that focused on personal growth, not mastery of body of knowledge and learning through experience
buying on margin
buying stock by paying only a portion of the full cost up-front with promises to pay the rest later
Red Scare
a period of general fear of communists
Sacco Vanzetti
two italian immagrants accused of anarchism and put to death
The Birth of a Nation
One of the first classic full-length "moving-pictures," it glorified the KKK and defamed blacks and carpetbaggers.
Emergency Quota Act
1921 Act that stipulates only 3% of 1910 immigrants are allowed in
Immigration Quota Act
immigration, 2% of the people of their nationality who had been living in the U.S. in 1890. Southern Europeans were at a disadvantage
National Origins Act of 1924
Excluded Asians from being able to immigrate into US. Decreased the 1921 quota from 3% to 2%.
Volstead Act
the means of enforcing Prohibition
the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth
This group of people supported Darwinism and they refused to accept the bible as history or science
Universal Negro Improvement Association
Young women of the 1920s that behaved and dressed in a radical fashion
illegal production/ selling/ distribution of alcohol
general strike
strike by workers in many different industries at the same time
installment buying
a system for paying for goods by installments
Model T
first affordable car built by Henry Ford; sturdy, reliable, inexpensive, only came in black
real wages
actual purchasing power of income
Secret bars where alcohol could be purchased illegally
buying land or anything else in the hope of profiting by an expected rise in price