Unit 9 Test
Terms in this set (36)
What was true of Germany, Italy, and Japan during the early 1930s?
All three successfully invaded other nations
What European leader resisted fascism?
How is totalitarianism different from other forms of authoritarian governments?
Totalitarian governments control every aspect of public and private life, including what people think
Totalitarian governments in Germany, the Soviet Union, and Italy used what methods to control their population?
Secret Police, Indoctrination, Control of the media
What is true of the Japanese invasion of China and attack of the city of Nanking in 1937?
The Japanese committed atrocities against Chinese soldiers and citizens, especially women
The annexation of the Sudetenland refers to
Hitler's seizing of a German-speaking portion of Czechoslovakia
The event that marks the beginning of the allied invasion of Europe.
US Territory in the Pacific that was overtaken by Japan.
The battle that was the last major German offensive in WWII.
Battle of the Bulge
The event that drew the United States into WWII?
Bombing of Pearl Harbor
The location of the first atomic bomb used in war.
What things led to the events of the Holocaust?
German nationalism, Strong anti-Semitism, Anticommunism
Why did Hitler target the Jewish population as scapegoats for all of Germany's troubles?
Hatred of Jews, or anti-Semitism, was a key part of Nazi ideology
The Potsdam Conference of 1945 marked the beginning of diplomatic conflict between the United States and the Soviet Union because?
Truman was suspicious of Stalin's actions in Eastern Europe.
At this 1943 conference, Roosevelt, Churchill, and Stalin developed a strategic plan to defeat Nazi Germany and her allies.
the Tehran Conference
What was the name of the organization set up after WWII that included both of the superpowers?
The United Nations
What things were included in Douglas MacArthur's plan for post-war Japan?
Demilitarization of Japan's army, a new constitution & democratization, reduced power of the emperor
What political ideology places a huge emphasis on nationalism?
What was the goal of U.S. isolationists after World War I?
Avoid political ties with other countries
Which German political party sought to overturn the Treaty of Versailles and to combat communism?
What caused Germans to start taking Adolf Hitler and his message seriously?
The economic crisis brought on by the Depression
What was the policy of appeasement?
The British and French decision to give into aggression to keep peace
The German blitzkrieg was a military strategy that depended on what advantage?
Surprise and overwhelming force
How did Kristallnacht demonstrate Nazi persecution of Jews?
Nazi troops attacked Jewish homes, businesses, and synagogues.
What was the goal of Hitler's "Final Solution"?
It was genocide of people the Nazis considered inferior.
Why did Japan invade Manchuria?
To gain iron ore and coal deposits
How did the Japanese try to build a Pacific empire?
By taking over US, British and French territories
What did the Allies' strategy of "island hopping" in the Pacific involve?
Attacks on islands that were not well defended
What caused the Japanese emperor to have reduced power after the war?
The insistence of the Allies
What topic was addressed by the Nuremberg Trials?
What was the purpose of the Truman Doctrine?
To support countries that rejected communism
What circumstances contributed to the breakdown of the alliance between the United States and the Soviet Union?
Stalin's unfulfilled promise of free elections in Eastern Europe.
Major Allied Powers
United States, Great Britain, Soviet Union
Major Axis Powers
Germany, Japan, Italy
The prolonged German air attack on industrial cities in Great Britain.
Battle of Britain
Battle fought between Germany and the Soviet Union that resulted in 99% of the city being destroyed.
Battle of Stalingrad