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Language Acq Final Question Sets
Terms in this set (40)
According to your text, children's ability to understand speech in noisy environments continues to increase until age ___________.
What contributes to an increased ability to identify words in noisy environments as children develop
? But I think:
- increased ability to use phonetic and grammatical patterns
-increased vocab knowledge
The rime consists of which of the following?
Vowel and following consonant
Upon hearing the word /dɔt/, a 3-year-old can hear that the word is made up of /dɔ + t/, but not that dɔ is made up of / d+ ɔ/
Which of the following aspects of phonological awareness develops last?
Research suggests than 9-year-olds have a more sophisticated use of the linguistic device of pronomialization than do 4-year-olds. Specifically, 9-year-olds use pronouns to refer to __________________, whereas 4-year-olds use pronouns to refer to ____________________.
Things in other sentences, real word things
At what age do children begin to produce a single episode narrative that includes all major story elements?
Age differences and differences associated with SES are greater for fictional compared to personal event narratives in school-aged children.
In a narrative, which of the following structural elements are termed orientation?q
-Cause & effect
During a narrative retell, a 1st grader says, "The animals were chasing the mama and Rose into the woods. Mama and rose were really scared." The sentence "mama and rose were really scared" is related to which of the following?
One can separate reading into two component parts: ________________ and _________________.
According to Nation, Imageability is what type of variable?
Which of the following provides evidence that semantic language abilities are related to decoding?
A & C
-a) Children with dyslexia use semantic word knowledge to bootstrap decoding more than their typically developing counterparts.
-c) Adults with poor semantic skills have trouble reading words that are spelled in an uncommon way.
Reading and listening comprehension become less correlated overtime.
The most important cause of reading comprehension failure in children stems from which of the following?
A & C
Poor comprehenders difficulty with reading comprehension is likely due to...
Overall deficits in processing language
Children with Specific Language Impairment (SLI) typically do not have trouble with reading comprehension.
Based on a 1999 study conducted in the UK, ___ to ___% of 7 to 11-year-olds are defined as poor readers.
Studies show that _________% of poor readers originally tested at 8 to 9 years still had significant comprehension deficits when tested at 13 to 14 years.
What type of study is necessary to understand the precursors to poor reading comprehension in school aged children?
Evidence using the high-amplitude sucking procedure demonstrates that newborn infants suck at a higher rate to their native language compared to another language. This suggests that newborns can...
b. discriminate between their native language and another language.
The study referred to in Question # 1 used languages that were from _____________ __________________ classes.
Bilingual children develop two separate grammatical systems from the start.
Similar to their monolingual counterparts, bilingual children's early vocabularies are dominated by words that serve _____________ functions, followed by _____________, and then _________________.
social, nouns, verbs
Which of the following statements best summarizes the findings displayed in FIG 9-1?
c. Bilingual toddlers have roughly the same vocabulary size as monolinguals when considering total vocabulary.
Which of the following is evidence against threshold effects in the acquisition of a 2nd language?
a. Children's productive language vocabulary shows a strong linear relation to the relative amount of input they receive in that language.
Studies of bilingual code switching show that children as young as ______ use their two languages in contextually sensitive ways.
Which task is often used to assess the metalinguistic awareness of bilingual children with response to morphological marking?
This type of educational program for bilinguals delivers instruction in two languages and half the student body are proficient in one language whereas the other half are proficient in the other language.
Two- way programs
The most frequent school experience for language minority children in the United States is...
According to your textbook, which of the following best summarizes the relation between temporary hearing loss in early development and speech and language?
b. Temporary hearing loss early in life can affect speech and language, but the long-term effects are rather small.
What percentage of deaf children are born to deaf parents?
One of the main differences between sign language and spoken language is that sign language uses many iconic gestures, whereas spoken language is completely arbitrary and has no iconicity.
Language development for children who sign from birth and children learning spoken language are strikingly similar, however some differences in milestone achievement do exists. According to your text, which of the following do children who sign achieve before children who communicate using spoken language?
-Producing first words
-Achieving a 10-word vocabulary
-Producing word combinations
ALL THE ABOVE
According to Pettito et al., 2001, which of the following best characterizes the difference between hand movement frequency for sign-exposed vs. speech- exposed children?
a. Sign-exposed babies showed both low-frequency and high-frequency rhythmic hand activity, whereas speech-exposed babies showed only high-frequency activity.
According to Pettito where is the "sign phonetic space"?
In front of the body
The results from Pettito et al., 2001 suggest that babbling...
A cochlear implant operates on which part of the ear?
Studies with linguistic isolates reveal that home sign often lacks which of the following?
Overall research on the efficacy of cochlear implants suggests:
-Earlier implantation results in more successful outcomes than later implantation
- Cochlear implants allow children with hearing impairment to acquire oral language better than they would other wise
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