35 terms

Unit 12_Part Two_Treatment of Psychological Disoders

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eclectic approach
an approach to psychotherapy that uses techniques from different forms of therapy
psychotherapy
treatment involving psychological techniques; consists of interactions between a trained therapist and client seeking to overcome psychological difficulties and achieve personal growth
psychoanalysis
freuds therapeutic technique; Freud believed the patient's free associations, resistances, dreams and interferences released previously repressed feelings, allowing the person to gain insight
resistance
in psychoanalysis, the blocking from consciousness o anxiety laden material
interpretation
in psychoanalysis, the analysts noting of supposed dream meaning, resistances, and other significant behaviors and events in order to promote insight
transference
in psychoanalysis, the patient's transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
psychodynamic theory
therapy deriving from the psychoanalytic tradition that views individuals as responding to unconscious forces and childhood experiences, and that seeks to enhance self insight
insight therapies
a variety of therapies that aim to improve psychological functioning by increasing the client's awareness of underlying motives and defenses
client centered therapy
humanistic therapy, developed by carl rogers, in which the therapist uses techniques like active listening within an environment that would facilitate client's growth
active listening
empathetic listening in which the listener echoes, restates, and clarifies; a feature of client centered therapy
unconditional positive regard
complete acceptance of another person
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principles to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
counterconditioning
a behavior therapy procedure that uses classical condition the evoke new responses to stimuli that are triggering unwanted behaviors; includes exposure therapy and aversive conditioning
exposure therapies
behavior techniques like desensitization that treats anxiety by exposing people to things they would fear and avoid
systematic desensitization
a type of exposure therapy that associates a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli; commonly used to treat phobias
virtual reality exposure therapy
an anxiety treatment that progressively exposes people to simulations of their greatest fears
aversive conditioning
a type of counter conditioning that associates an unpleasant state with an unwanted behavior
token economy
an operant conditioning procedure in which people earn "tokens" for exhibiting a wanted behavior they can exchange for something later
cognitive therapy
therapy that teaches people new ways of thinking and acting, based on the assumption that thoughts intervene between events and emotional reactions
cognitive behavioral therapy
a popular integrative therapy that combines cognitive and behavioral therapy
family therapy
therapy that treats the family as a system; views an individuals unwanted behaviors as influenced by or directed other family member
regression toward the mean
the tendency for extreme or unusual scores to regress toward the average
meta analysis
a procedure for statistically combing the results of many different research studies
evidence based practice
clinical decision making that integrates the best available research with clinical expertise and patient characteristics and preferences
biomedical therapy
prescribed medications or medical procedures that act directly on the patient's nervous system
psychopharmacology
the study of effects of drugs on mind and behavior
antipsychotic drugs
drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other forms of severe thought disorder
tardive dyskinesia
involuntary movement of the facial muscles and tongue and limbs; possible neurotic side from long term antipsychotic medication that targets certain dopamine receptors
antianxiety drugs
drugs used to control anxiety and agitation
antidepressant drugs
drugs used to treat depression; also increasingly used to prevent anxiety
electroconvulsive therapy
a biomedical therapy for severely depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation
the application of repeated pulses of magnetic energy to the brain; used to stimulate or suppress brain activity
psychosurgery
surgery that removes or destroys brain tissue in an effort to change brain behavior
lobotomy
a now rare psychosurgical procedure once used to calm uncontrollable patients; the procedure involves cutting the nerves connecting the frontal lobe to the emotion controlling centers of the inner brain
resilience
the personal strength that helps most people cope with stress and overcome from adversity and even trauma