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Terms in this set (15)
Involves and justice program or policy designed to prevent the occurrence of a future delinquent act. Also called delinquency repression
Involves any non justice program or policy designed to prevent the occurrence of a future delinquency act.
A negative prior factor in an individual's life that increases the risk of occurrence of a future delinquent act.
A positive prior factor in an individual's life that decreases the risk of occurrence of a future delinquent act.
Randomized controlled experiment
Considered the "gold standard" of evaluation designs to measure the effect of a program on delinquency or other outcomes. Involves randomly assigning subjects either to receive the program (the experimental group) or not receive it (the control group).
A type of review that uses rigorous methods for locating, appraising, and synthesizing evidence from prior evaluation studies.
A statistical technique that synthesizes results from prior evaluation studies.
Juvenile Justice process
Under the parens patria philosophy, juvenile justice procedures are informal and non adversarial, invoked for juvenile offenders rather than against them. A petition instead of a complaint is filed, courts make findings of involvement or adjudication of delinquency instead of convictions, and juvenile offenders receive dispositions instead of sentences.
A hearing by a judicial officer of a juvenile court to determine whether a juvenile is to be detained or released while proceedings are pending in the case.
The fact-filled process wherein the juvenile court determines whether there is sufficient evidence to sustain the allegations in a petition.
The procedure of separating adjudicatory and dispositionary hearings so different levels of evidence can be heard at each.
For juvenile offenders, the equivalent of sentencing for adult offenders; juvenile ______________ should be more rehabilitative that retributive.
Document filed in juvenile court alleging that a juvenile is a delinquent, a status offender, or a dependent and asking that the court assume jurisdiction over the juvenile.
Courts whose focus is providing treatment for youths accused of drug-related acts.
Courts that make use of peer juries to decide nonferrous delinquency cases.
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