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Terms in this set (16)
Early English system in which neighbors protected each other from thieves and warring groups.
Replaced the pledge system in England; watchmen patrolled urban areas at night to provide protection from harm.
Police strategy that emphasizes fear reduction, community organization, and order maintenance rather than crime fighting.
Police officers who specialize in dealing with juvenile offenders; they may operate alone or as part of a juvenile police unit in the department.
Conflicts police officers face that revolve around the requirement to perform their primary duty of law enforcement and a desire to aid in rehabilitating youthful offenders.
A person who has access to criminal networks and shares information with authorities in exchange for money or special treatment under conditions or anonymity.
Law enforcement that focuses on addressing the problems underlying incidents of juvenile delinquency rather than the incidents alone.
Taking a person into the custody of the law to restrain the accused until he or she can be held accountable for the offense in court proceedings.
Reasonable grounds to believe the existence of facts that an offense was committed and that the accused committed that offense.
Search and seizure
The U.S. constitution protects citizens from any search and seizure by police without a lawfully obtained search warrant; such warrants are issued when there is probable cause to believe that an offense has been committed.
Questions posed by the police to a suspect held in custody in the prejudicial stages of the juvenile justice process. Juveniles have the same rights as adults against self-incrimination when being questioned.
Supreme court decisions require police officers to inform individuals under arrest of their constitutional rights as adults against self-incrimination when being questioned.
Use of personal decision making and choice in carrying out operations in the criminal justice system, such as deciding whether to make an arrest or accept a plea bargain.
An evaluation of the fairness of the manner in which an offender's or another group's problem or dispute was handled by police.
Broken windows policing
Drawing on the broken windows theory developed by Wilson and Selling, police target disorderly behaviors and conditions in an effort to prevent the onset of more serious crime problems.
Pulling levers policing
A focused deterrence strategy that involves applying all available measures or "levers" to police as well as communicating with offenders to reduce a targeted delinquent problem.
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