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Hst 111 ch 25
Terms in this set (53)
The sit-in at Greensboro, North Carolina, in 1960:
a) reflected mounting frustration at the slow pace of racial change.
b) was the last of a series of violent agitations for civil rights in 1960.
c) had no real effect on the momentum of the civil rights movement.
d) was largely organized by members of Martin Luther King Jr.'s SCLC.
e) illustrated how civil rights activists embraced the violent messages of Malcolm X.
By the end of 1960, some 70,000 demonstrators had taken part in sit-ins across the South to protest:
c) the use of nuclear weapons.
d) the Vietnam War.
The Freedom Rides:
a) were launched by CORE to desegregate interstate bus travel.
b) were ignored by law enforcement and the public in the South
c) had little effect on segregation in the South.
d) were successful only in the North.
e) were the journeys made by blacks as part of their mass migration to the North.
Martin Luther King Jr.'s "Letter from Birmingham Jail" declared that:
a) the civil rights movement had become too violent and had to stop.
b) the white moderate had to put aside his fear of disorder and commit to racial justice.
c) the federal government was solely responsible for the violence in the South.
d) the white clergy in the South had done a tremendous job at fighting Jim Crow.
e) he was abandoning his policy of civil disobedience and peaceful demonstration.
In his 1963 "Letter from Birmingham Jail," Martin Luther King Jr.:
a) agreed with white clergy that the civil rights movement was moving too fast.
b) agreed with white clergy that the civil rights movement should focus on the North rather than the South.
c) discussed the litany of abuses faced by blacks in the South and the need for change.
d) appealed directly to Birmingham police chief Eugene "Bull" Connor.
e) appealed directly to U.S. attorney general Robert Kennedy.
When Birmingham police chief Bull Connor used nightsticks, high-pressure hoses, and attack dogs on young civil rights protesters:
a) there was little public response.
b) there was a public outcry only in the North.
c) there was a wave of revulsion globally.
d) President Kennedy abandoned his support for the civil rights movement.
In 1963 during the Birmingham civil rights demonstrations, firemen:
a) assaulted young demonstrators with high-pressure hoses.
b) kept the peace with their tanker trucks as blockades.
c) served as extra drivers for the police taking demonstrators to jail.
d) extinguished fires set by Ku Klux Klan members.
The 1963 March on Washington:
a) included various female speakers.
b) included speeches with militant language.
c) focused solely on economic justice.
d) was a high point in black and white cooperation.
To combat communism, one of John Kennedy's first acts was to:
a) call for a summit meeting between the two superpowers.
b) increase military spending on ballistic missiles.
c) suggest a ban on nuclear weapons.
d) deploy combat troops to Vietnam.
e) establish the Peace Corps.
During the Bay of Pigs invasion:
a) the CIA failed in its mission.
b) Eisenhower suspended trade with Cuba.
c) the CIA restored Fulgencio Batista to power.
d) a popular uprising of anti-Castro Cubans toppled Castro's regime.
e) Fidel Castro took over American landholdings.
The Cuban Missile Crisis:
a) brought the United States and the Soviets to the brink of nuclear war.
b) brought the United States into Vietnam.
c) revolved around the placement of missiles in the Soviet Union.
d) revolved around the placement of missiles in the United States.
e) occurred when Cuba threatened to attack the United States.
Regarding civil rights during his presidency, John F. Kennedy:
a) immediately addressed the demands of black activists.
b) remained completely uninvolved.
c) was reluctant to address the movement's demands until 1963.
d) instructed his brother Robert Kennedy to immediately enforce desegregation in the South.
e) proposed a civil rights bill his first week in office.
What event forced John F. Kennedy to take meaningful action in support of the civil rights movement?
b) March on Washington rally.
c) King's demonstrations in Birmingham.
d) Greensboro sit-ins.
In 1964, Congress passed the Civil Rights Act, which:
a) prohibited both racial and sexual discrimination in employment and public institutions.
b) prohibited racial discrimination in private organizations.
c) prohibited only sexual discrimination in the armed forces.
d) was passed over President Johnson's veto.
e) had the full support of Congress.
The 1964 Civil Rights Act did not:
a) prohibit racial discrimination in employment.
b) ban discrimination on the grounds of sex.
c) ban discriminatory laws that prevented suffrage.
d) prohibit racial discrimination in privately owned public accommodations.
e) prohibit racial discrimination in institutions like hospitals and schools.
Lyndon Johnson remarked, "I think we delivered the South to the Republican Party" after:
a) sending troops to Vietnam.
b) agreeing to meet with Martin Luther King Jr.
c) passage of the 1964 Civil Rights Act.
d) implementation of the Great Society program.
e) passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act.
During Freedom Summer:
a) very few white college students participated.
b) only black activists participated in the voter registration campaign.
c) signers of the Southern Manifesto launched a campaign against integration.
d) a coalition of civil rights groups launched a voter registration drive in Mississippi.
e) there was little violence.
The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party:
a) was founded by whites to fight desegregation.
b) was open only to blacks.
c) had President Johnson's full support.
d) challenged the white delegation at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
e) challenged the Republican delegation at the 1964 Democratic National Convention.
Republican Barry Goldwater viewed ____________ as a threat to freedom.
a) the New Deal welfare state
b) the nuclear weapons buildup
c) the military-industrial complex d) the proliferation of private charities
e) large corporations
Barry Goldwater's 1964 campaign emphasized:
a) increased taxes to balance the budget.
b) an immediate pullout from Vietnam.
c) a reduction in governmental regulations.
d) racial equality in the United States.
The Port Huron Statement was to the Students for a Democratic Society what the _____________ was to the Young Americans for Freedom.
a) Pentagon Papers
b) Sharon Statement
c) Conscience of a Conservative
d) Buckley Statement
e) Church Statement
The 1965 Voting Rights Act:
a) banned discrimination at national party conventions.
b) empowered local officials to supervise voter registration.
c) empowered federal officials to oversee voter registration.
d) was vetoed by President Johnson.
e) was proposed but never passed by Congress.
The Hart-Cellar Act of 1965:
a) removed all barriers to Mexican immigration.
b) established new, racially neutral criteria for immigration.
c) established new, racially specific criteria for immigration.
d) severely limited Asian immigration.
e) removed political asylum as a criterion for immigration.
The Hart-Cellar Act of 1965 did all of the following EXCEPT:
a) It no longer restricted southern and eastern Europeans.
b) It limited the amount of immigrants from the Western Hemisphere to 120,000.
c) It was forced through Congress in response to increasing numbers of Vietnamese refugees.
d) It provided special provisions for communist country refugees.
e) It set the total number of immigrants in a year at 290,000.
The Great Society:
a) included Lyndon Johnson's crusade to end poverty in America.
b) was John F. Kennedy's initiative to end poverty in America.
c) promised a guaranteed income for all Americans.
d) was seen as impossible to achieve.
e) included a national health insurance plan for all Americans.
Johnson's War on Poverty included all of the following programs EXCEPT:
a) Head Start.
b) A jobs program for unemployed Americans.
c) VISTA, a domestic Peace Corps. d) The Office of Economic Opportunity.
e) Food stamps.
The Kerner Report:
a) blamed the urban riots on the antiwar movement.
b) blamed the urban riots on segregation and poverty.
c) found much evidence of racial harmony despite the upheaval.
d) offered specific program suggestions to end the violence.
e) recommended that the civil rights movement curtail its efforts for change.
a) supported integration efforts.
b) worked with the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. c) insisted that blacks have economic and political autonomy. d) felt that the Black Power movement went too far.
e) was inspired by the efforts of Booker T. Washington.
Black Power emerged as a response to all of the following factors EXCEPT:
a) frustrations over the federal government's failure to stop violence against civil rights workers.
b) white workers' attempts to determine the civil rights movement's strategy.
c) the civil rights movement's failure to have any impact on the economic problems of black ghettos.
d) the growing ideas of racial self-assertion and black self-determination.
e) the passage of the Civil Rights Act.
All of the following statements about the Black Panther Party are true EXCEPT:
a) the Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California.
b) the Black Panther Party advocated armed self-defense in response to police brutality.
c) the Black Panther Party demanded the release of black prisoners.
d) the Black Panther Party ran health clinics, schools, and children's breakfast programs.
e) the Black Panther Party rejected the idea of black self-determination.
The New Left:
a) was made up mostly of black college students.
b) focused their activism on economic justice.
c) called for a democracy of citizen participation.
d) was made up of children of the Old Left.
e) made peace with consumer culture.
The Port Huron Statement:
a) was written by Michael Harrington.
b) summed up the philosophy of the Young Americans for Freedom. c) praised American political and economic institutions.
d) offered a vision for social change based on participatory democracy.
e) criticized American Cold War policies but offered no new suggestions.
The free speech movement:
a) failed in its efforts to establish free speech on college campuses.
b) began in Berkeley to protest a campus ban on political groups convening and distributing literature at a central meeting place.
c) began in Los Angeles to protest a campus ban on political literature.
d) began in Port Huron to protest a campus ban on political literature.
e) had little support among college-age students at the time.
The Gulf of Tonkin resolution:
a) authorized the president to take "all necessary measures to repel armed attack" in Vietnam.
b) authorized the president to take "all necessary measures to repel armed attack" in Cuba.
c) was a formal declaration of war.
d) called for an immediate end to the hostilities in Southeast Asia.
e) had little Senate support at the time.
What was the attitude of the New Left toward university professors, as seen in the Port Huron Statement?
a) They had tremendous respect for them.
b) They thought them puppets of the military-industrial complex.
c) They saw them as leaders in the antiwar movement.
d) They were skeptical of them since most professors were older than thirty.
e) They saw them as the bearers of liberal knowledge and reform.
The antiwar movement:
a) attracted only draft-age males.
b) was of little interest to civil-rights activists.
c) never built a mass constituency.
d) had little impact on public opinion.
e) challenged the foundations of Cold War thinking.
The counterculture of the 1960s can best be described as:
a) a rejection of mainstream values. b) a quest for group identity.
c) a movement in search of purity. d) a movement that emphasized the ideal of homogeneity.
e) a movement that rejected consumer culture.
Why was liberation theology so popular in Latin America in the 1960s?
a) The Second Vatican Council had sanctioned birth control.
b) The Cuban Revolution had inspired neighboring nations.
c) Kennedy's Alliance for Progress was bearing fruit.
d) The Cuban Missile Crisis had shattered the region's complacency.
e) Reform in the Catholic Church had inspired social justice activists.
In the Feminine Mystique, Betty Friedan:
a) focused on the plight of working-class women.
b) emphasized the role of child rearing for women.
c) focused on the discontents of middle-class women.
d) focused on the particular plight of black women.
e) emphasized the role women played in the antiwar movement.
The National Organization for Women (NOW) campaigned for all of the following EXCEPT:
a) an end to the mass media's false image of women.
b) equal job opportunities for women.
c) equal educational opportunities. d) equal opportunities in politics. e) an end to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
At the 1968 Miss America beauty pageant, feminist protesters threw all of the following items into the "freedom trash can" EXCEPT:
b) high-heeled shoes.
d) copies of Playboy.
e) birth-control pills.
The gay liberation movement:
a) was banned in several states.
b) attracted many straight women. c) initially excluded women.
d) was inspired by the civil rights movement.
e) ended with the successful Stonewall riot.
After the Stonewall riot:
a) gay men and lesbians divided into two separate political movements.
b) the gay liberation movement came to an end.
c) prejudice against lesbians ended.
d) a militant gay liberation movement was born.
e) prejudice against gay men increased.
Chicano farm workers found a powerful advocate in:
a) the bracero program.
b) Cesar Chavez.
c) Mario Savio.
d) Carlos Bulosan.
e) the Border Patrol.
In the 1960s, Latino rights in particular were the focus of the:
a) Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee.
b) United Farm Workers.
c) Mattachine Society.
The American Indian Movement:
a) was in opposition to the Red Power movement.
b) demanded the end of the
c) demanded greater tribal self-government.
d) urged all Indians to leave their reservations. greater federal control of the reservation system.
Rachel Carson's Silent Spring inspired the:
a) environmental movement.
b) feminist movement.
c) A gay liberation movement.
d) conservative movement.
e) Indian movement.
In 1967, the Supreme Court ruled in Loving v. Virginia that:
a) suspects could refuse to cooperate with police.
b) local elections could be monitored by federal officials.
c) state laws prohibiting interracial marriage were unconstitutional.
d) those in police custody had certain rights.
e) school prayer was unconstitutional.
In 1966, the Supreme Court ruled in Miranda v. Arizona that:
a) suspects could not refuse to cooperate with police.
b) local elections could be monitored by federal officials.
c) states must permit interracial marriage.
d) those in police custody had certain rights.
e) school prayer was unconstitutional.
The Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision:
a) created a woman's constitutional right to an abortion.
b) was the least controversial piece of the rights revolution.
c) provoked little opposition.
d) declared school prayer was unconstitutional.
e) legalized birth control.
Which event marked the turning point in the Vietnam conflict, forcing Lyndon Johnson to change course and pull out of the upcoming presidential race?
a) The Tet offensive.
b) Operation Rolling Thunder.
c) The invasion of Cambodia.
d) The Gulf of Tonkin.
e) Revelations about the My Lai massacre.
On April 4, 1968, Martin Luther King Jr. was assassinated:
a) while in Memphis, supporting a garbage workers' strike.
b) as he launched the Poor People's Campaign in Dallas.
c) and while the nation mourned his death, there was no violence.
d) and congressional support for the Open Housing Act declined.
e) and no one was ever charged for the crime.
In his 1968 election campaign, Richard Nixon appealed to the:
a) moral majority.
b) New Left.
c) Progressive Republicans.
d) new feminists.
e) silent majority.