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What is the def of emotion?


What are three elements of Emotion

physical, behavioral, cognitive

physical is?

arousal of the Sympathetic Nervous System


has facial expressions - 7 basic facial expressions of emotion, that are universal and biological, that have evolved as a method of
communication, and are consistent across cultures, also has body movements, spoken words, gestures


interpreting the situation and labeling your emotions

Common Sense Theory

"I am afraid and that makes me shake" You first feel fear, so then you shake.

James Lange Theory

Your body reaction causes fear. "I am shaking and that makes me afraid"

Cannon-Bard Theory

"I am shaking and feeling afraid at the same time" Both happen at once.

Schachter's Cognitive Arousal Theory

"I am shaking and this is an dangerous situation, then I'm afraid" I noticed a dangerous situation and started to shake. Then felt fear.

Lazarus Cognitive Mediational Theory

"I see danger, feel fear, start shaking" Starts with noticing the danger, then I feel fear and react.

Facial Feedback Theory

Facial expressions can help change emotion can create an emotion or intensify an emotion.


your response to a threatening or challenging event. This response is physical, cognitive and behavioral.

A stressor is what?

an event that causes the stress.


unpleasant events cause distress (bad stress)


positive events cause eustress (good stress)

Lzrus Cognitive Mediational Theory

Theory of emotion also relates to stress - how you "appraise" a situation affects the way you respond to it:

Primary Appraisal

appraising the severity of the stressor

Secondary Appraisal

appraising you ability to cope with it

General Adaption Syndrome

the body reacts to stress in 3 stages, alarm, resistance, exhaustion


the Sympathetic Nervous System (SNS) mobilizes to fight the stressor - the adrenal glands release hormones


continued SNS activity, but it begins to lessen


the body's resources run out and the Parasympathetic Nervous System (PNS) activates

Problems with over overusage of SNS

too much stress, over a long period can lead to heart problems and a weakened immune system

Type A

(unhealthy) - competitive, workaholic, hostile (easily

Type B

(healthy) - relaxed, easygoing, not easily angered

Type C

(unhealthy) - pleasant, no show of emotions, internalizing feelings in order to "keep the peace"

Type H

(healthy) - they thrive on stress like Type A, but without the anger, because they feel in control

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

can develop after a terrifying, like-threatening experience -

PTSD 3 major symptoms

1. persistent feelings of extreme fearfulness
2. flashbacks and nightmares
3. work and family problems

problems-focused coping

eliminating the stressor

emotion-focused coping

changing how you react to the stressor,
which changes the way you feel

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