-structured interviews with adult men such as health behaviors and work habits -observationally measured: gestures, facial expressions, mannerisms -dietary measured: blood analysis, previous history of CHD
Friedman and Rosenman's findings
Type B's- more satisfied; more likely to focus on activities outside of work: pursued fewer goals at a time Type A's- pre-occupied with committment deadlines eager to compete: driven only 4% in type B group had CHD
Additional prospective evidence (1970)
-followed 3,000 men over 8 yrs -all were CHD free at the start -results: Type A's were twice as likely to develop CHD than type B's controlling for other risk factors
Why is Type A behavior linked to CHD?
type a's are more likely to.... -exhibit greater reactivity to stressful situatory -choose to enter challenging and demanding situations -appraise situations as challenging and demanding -use cognitive coping strategies that prolong contact with stressors
Why is hostility important?
-greater physiological reactivity -more health(risk) behaviors -more conflict with others(hostility attribution bias -trouble with social support
Reducing CVC risk
-changing type A Behaviors(hostility in particular) -managing stress -reducing medical risk factors
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chapter 13: problems in adolescence & emerging adulthood