Type A Behavior Pattern

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characteristics of type A
time urgency, hostility, competitiveness
Type B
-more easy going
-lack hostility
-non-competitive
Early Research w/ Friedman and Rosenman,1950's
-structured interviews with adult men such as health behaviors and work habits
-observationally measured: gestures, facial expressions, mannerisms
-dietary measured: blood analysis, previous history of CHD
Friedman and Rosenman's findings
Type B's- more satisfied; more likely to focus on activities outside of work: pursued fewer goals at a time
Type A's- pre-occupied with committment deadlines eager to compete: driven
only 4% in type B group had CHD
Additional prospective evidence (1970)
-followed 3,000 men over 8 yrs
-all were CHD free at the start
-results: Type A's were twice as likely to develop CHD than type B's controlling for other risk factors
Why is Type A behavior linked to CHD?
type a's are more likely to....
-exhibit greater reactivity to stressful situatory
-choose to enter challenging and demanding situations
-appraise situations as challenging and demanding
-use cognitive coping strategies that prolong contact with stressors
Why is hostility important?
-greater physiological reactivity
-more health(risk) behaviors
-more conflict with others(hostility attribution bias
-trouble with social support
Reducing CVC risk
-changing type A Behaviors(hostility in particular)
-managing stress
-reducing medical risk factors
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